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Prime Meridian
2013-02-19 15:54:46

A prime meridian is a meridian, i.e. a line of longitude, at which the definition of longitude is zero degrees. A prime meridian and its opposite in a 360 degree-system, the 180th meridian, create a great circle. This great circle separates the sphere into two hemispheres. If one uses directions f East and West from a defined prime meridian, then they can be named Eastern and Western Hemisphere. A prime meridian is eventually arbitrary, unlike an equator, which is determined by the axis...

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Word of the Day
pawl
  • A pivoted catch designed to fall into a notch on a ratchet wheel so as to allow movement in only one direction (e.g. on a windlass or in a clock mechanism), or alternatively to move the wheel in one direction.
The word 'pawl' probably comes from a Latin word meaning 'stake'.
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