Quantcast

Latest Metagenomics Stories

2011-08-02 19:30:00

The Alkek Center for Metagenomics and Microbiome Research at Baylor College of Medicine, under the direction of Dr. Joseph Petrosino, builds on local expertise in the study of how the microbiota that colonize the human body (the microbiome) impact health and disease. The center is coordinating and leading research and development efforts in this area across the college, the Texas Medical Center and with collaborators from around the United States and abroad. Established in January of 2011,...

4008618ed5dcf1d130f1b9e4637fba6a
2011-07-06 07:53:34

Prospecting for new and unusual cellulose-digesting enzymes for biofuels production By Robert Sanders, UC Berkeley Bioprospectors from the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Maryland School of Medicine have found a microbe in a Nevada hot spring that happily eats plant material "“ cellulose "“ at temperatures near the boiling point of water. In fact, the microbe's cellulose-digesting enzyme, called a cellulase, is most active at a record 109 degrees Celsius...

e7722466b2e75d80c06494b81cc4a102
2011-07-05 14:20:45

Carbon dioxide may be the most name-dropped greenhouse gas, but methane is 20 times more potent. In 2009, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency calculated that 20 percent of the nation's human-related methane emissions were attributable to livestock digestive processes. In Australia, livestock emissions account for 12 percent of the country's total greenhouse gas emissions. To understand how methane is produced in livestock, an international team of scientists including researchers at...

2011-06-22 00:00:33

Software delivers genome center results in variant detection and metagenomic analysis of next generation sequencing (NGS) data. Provides unparalleled speed and sensitivity in comprehensive pipelines while supporting Illumina, Complete Genomics and Roche 454. Available immediately for free at http://www.realtimegenomics.com. San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) June 21, 2011 Real Time Genomics, Inc., today announced the immediate availability of RTG Investigator Version 2.2, the most advanced...

24117594d528342c00a56557d2b08bff
2011-05-11 08:18:25

Scientists use new imaging technique to reveal complex microbial interactions Even the merest of microbes must be able to talk, to be able to interact with its environment and with others to not just survive, but to thrive. This cellular chatter comes in the form of signaling molecules and exchanged metabolites (molecules involved in the process of metabolism or living) that can have effects far larger than the organism itself. Humans, for example, rely upon thousands of products derived from...

2011-04-20 21:28:25

Gut type can explain efficiency of uptake of nutrients and medicines "The three gut types can explain why the uptake of medicines and nutrients varies from person to person," says bioinformatician Jeroen Raes of the VIB and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, one of the two lead researchers in the study. "This knowledge could form the basis of personalized therapies. Treatments and doses could be determined on the basis of the gut type of the patient." Improved knowledge of the gut types could also...

2011-04-20 12:00:00

BRUSSELS, April 20, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Every person's intestinal system falls into one of three clearly distinguishable types of gut microbiota, comparable to blood types. These types are not related to race, native country or diet, according to a new metagenomics study by an international consortium of scientists including Jeroen Raes, of the VIB and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, published in Nature. Metagenomics is the study of the genetic material of complete ecosystems, in this case...

2011-03-22 08:15:00

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. and SHENZHEN, China, March 22, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- BGI (previously known as the Beijing Genomics Institute), the largest genomic organization in the world, announced its participation and pivotal role in the Earth Microbiome Project (EMP), a massively multidisciplinary effort to systematically determine the functional and evolutionary diversity of microbial communities across the globe for the benefit of the planet and mankind. Unlike past microbial studies that have...

2011-03-15 13:29:39

An interdisciplinary team of Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital researchers will study the possible link between the human microbiome, the mitochondrial genome and premature birth with a four-year $600,000 grant from the Burroughs Wellcome Fund. The grant is one of five nationwide designed to explore the biological mechanisms and causes of premature (preterm) birth, which occurs at a rate of 13 percent in the United States. Rates are even higher in African-American and...

2011-03-08 15:20:23

The researcher in question is Nadia Skorupa Parachin and the secret of her technique is enzymes that she extracted from garden soil. If ethanol can be successfully made from xylose then ethanol production could increase by over 20 per cent "“ to the benefit of cheaper environmentally friendly fuel. Ethanol is manufactured by fermenting sugars from plant material. At present, xylose is not used, despite being the second most common type of sugar found in nature. Succeeding with xylose...


Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'