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Latest Microbiome Stories

2009-08-01 08:27:02

Gastroesophageal reflux diseases , or GERD, affects about 10 million people in the United States, yet the cause and an unexpected increase in its prevalence over the last three decades remains unexplainable. Now, researchers have discovered that GERD is associated with global alteration of the microbiome in the esophagus. The findings, reported in the August 1, 2009 issue of Gastroenterology, may provide for the foundation for further study of the condition as a microecological disease with...

2009-06-23 12:27:52

The National Institutes of Health (www.nih.gov) today announced expanded funding for Baylor College of Medicine's (www.bcm.edu) Human Genome Sequencing Center for its involvement in the Human Microbiome Project, which seeks to understand how the trillions of microscopic organisms that live in or on the human body affect human health and lives.Also announced was that BCM's Dr. James Versalovic (http://www.bcm.edu/cmb/?pmid=2446) will lead one of 15 pilot clinical demonstration projects.The...

2009-05-30 12:33:12

The estimated 1,000 species of bacteria inhabiting healthy human skin are likely necessary for proper body functioning, researchers said. Bacterial colonies reside on different parts of the skin, some in the armpit and belly button, which are akin to tropical rain forests, and others on the forearm, which resembles an arid desert, researchers from the National Institutes of Health told the Los Angeles Times in a story published Saturday. We live in a microbial world, and these things are not...

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2009-05-29 06:25:00

Symbiosis between humans and bacteria has been a long accepted and heavily studied phenomenon of human physiology.  New studies of human skin, however, are revealing a previously little understood facet of biological interdependence between us and the microscopic inhabitants of our body. Scientists from the National Institutes of Health recently set out to explore the micro-ecosystem living on the surface of our skin.  Preliminary results from the study have revealed an...

2009-03-20 06:31:00

SOUTH EASTON, Mass., March 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Pressure BioSciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: PBIO) ("PBI" and the "Company") today provided an update on various corporate activities, including (1) the receipt of a Phase I Small Business Innovation Research ("SBIR") Grant from the National Institutes of Health ("NIH"), (2) a presentation by Dr. Alexander Ivanov of the Harvard School of Public Health on the significant advantages in throughput and reproducibility of the Company's pressure...

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2009-02-27 11:15:00

Researchers said on Thursday that bacteria found in human spit does not vary much around the world, a finding that could provide insights into how diet and cultural factors affect human health. Experts say the human body harbors 10 times more bacterial cells than human cells and researchers are hoping to learn more about the diverse array of microbial species we carry in our mouths. While little is known about the diversity of the bacteria found in people's spit and how it relates to diet,...

2009-01-06 10:02:15

The study of ancient microbes may not seem consequential, but such pioneering research at the University of Oklahoma has implications for the state of modern human health. Cecil Lewis, assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology, says results of this research raise questions about the microbes living on and within people. A National Institutes of Health initiative is looking at helpful bacteria found on the skin, in the esophagus and in the stomach, by characterizing the microbe's...

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2008-05-25 09:05:00

The crook of your elbow is not just a plain patch of skin. It is a piece of coveted real estate, a special ecosystem, a bountiful home to no fewer than six tribes of bacteria. Even after you have washed the skin clean, there are still 1 million bacteria in every square centimeter. But these are not bad bacteria. They are what biologists call commensals, creatures that eat at the same table with people to everyone's mutual benefit. Though they were not invited to enjoy board and lodging in...

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2008-03-27 09:40:00

Scientists know more today than ever before about the microbes that inhabit our mouths. They know so much, in fact, that gathering all of the relevant bits of information into one place when designing experiments can be a job in itself. Now, grantees of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health, and their international colleagues intend to solve this problem with the launch of the first comprehensive database of the oral...

2006-06-01 13:10:00

By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent WASHINGTON -- We may not be entirely human, gene experts said on Thursday after studying the DNA of hundreds of different kinds of bacteria in the human gut. Bacteria are so important to key functions such as digestion and the immune system that we may be truly symbiotic organisms -- relying on one another for life itself, the scientists write in Friday's issue of the journal Science. Their findings suggest that studying bacteria native to our...


Word of the Day
drawcansir
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.
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