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Latest Microbiome Stories

2012-06-13 06:25:13

Study Represents Largest Group of Healthy Individuals Studied to Date JCVI also Details its Metagenomics Reports (METAREP) Open Source Bioinformatics Tool ROCKVILLE, Md. and LA JOLLA, Calif., June 13, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Researchers from the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) along with members of the National Institutes of Health-funded Human Microbiome Project Consortium (HMP), have published a scientific paper in the journal, Nature characterizing the human...

2012-06-06 13:41:02

Microorganisms in the human gastrointestinal tract form an intricate, living fabric made up of some 500 to 1000 distinct bacterial species, (in addition to other microbes). Recently, researchers have begun to untangle the subtle role these diverse life forms play in maintaining health and regulating weight. In a new study appearing in the journal Nutrition in Clinical Practice, researcher Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown and her colleagues at the Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology at...

2012-05-07 20:28:36

Declining biodiversity may be contributing to the rise of asthma, allergies, and other chronic inflammatory diseases among people living in cities worldwide, a Finnish study suggests. Emerging evidence indicates that commensal microbes inhabiting the skin, airway, and gut protect against inflammatory disorders. However, little is known about the environmental determinants of the microbiome. Ilkka Hanski et al. from the Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, investigated whether...

2012-05-02 21:22:13

Scientists hope research is starting point for personalized medicine for women The delicate balance of microbes in the vagina can change drastically over short periods of time in some women, while remaining the same in others, according to a new study led by the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences and the University of Idaho. The scientists believe that these microbes affect a woman's susceptibility to infection and other diseases, so such changes...

2012-04-30 10:42:38

Early colonization of the gut by microbes in infants is critical for development of their intestinal tract and in immune development. A new study, published in BioMed Central's open access journal Genome Biology, shows that differences in bacterial colonization of formula-fed and breast-fed babies leads to changes in the infant's expression of genes involved in the immune system, and in defense against pathogens. The health of individuals can be influenced by the diversity of microbes...

2012-03-19 19:04:49

A growing body of evidence underscores the importance of human gut bacteria in modulating human health, metabolism, and disease. Yet bacteria are only part of the story. Viruses that infect those bacteria also shape who we are. Frederic D. Bushman, PhD, professor of Microbiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, led a study published this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that sequenced the DNA of viruses -- the virome -- present...

2012-01-31 06:20:47

The first awardees for the pilot project grant program from The Alkek Center for Metagenomics and Microbiome Research at Baylor College of Medicine have been announced. The grants were open to BCM instructors, assistant professors and postdoctoral associates. Six researchers were chosen for the Microbiota Association Discovery award of $20,000 or the Host-Commensal Interaction Study award of $50,000. "The grants were created to support preliminary studies for faculty who are looking to...

2012-01-11 09:55:11

By analyzing how multiple microbial species act in concert in the gut, researchers see different patterns in lean and obese people For the first time, researchers have analyzed the multitude of microorganisms residing in the human gut as a complex, integrated biological system, rather than a set of separate species. Their approach has revealed patterns that correspond with excess body weight. The collection of microbes inside the human gut is a bustling network of genetic interplays and...

2011-12-07 22:32:28

Research presented at ASCB annual meeting New fluorescent labeling technology that distinguishes in a single image the population size and spatial distribution of 15 different taxa has uncovered new taxon pairings that indicate unsuspected cooperation -- and standoffishness -- between members of the microbe biofilm that covers teeth, according to a presentation on Dec. 7, at the American Society for Cell Biology's Annual Meeting in Denver. Members of the genera Prevotella and...

2011-10-31 06:30:00

NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 31, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- NuMe Health LLC, a biotechnology company developing evidence-based cobiotic(TM) products designed to prevent disease and improve disease status by modifying the bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, today announced the formation of its scientific advisory board (SAB). NuMe's SAB includes distinguished experts from academia and industry in the fields of nutrition, diabetes, obesity, health promoting foods and the...