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Latest Microglia Stories

2014-06-25 10:25:31

Ohio State University Study in mice suggests immune cells fail to activate key messenger needed for repair In the complex environment of a spinal cord injury, researchers have found that immune cells in the central nervous system of elderly mice fail to activate an important signaling pathway, dramatically lowering chances for repair after injury. These studies were the first to show that spinal cord injuries are more severe in elderly mice than in young adults, corroborating...

2014-05-27 15:47:27

Lund University Two years ago, a new type of stem cell was discovered in the brain that has the capacity to form new cells. The same research group at Lund University in Sweden has now revealed that these stem cells, which are located in the outer blood vessel wall, appear to be involved in the brain reaction following a stroke. The findings show that the cells, known as pericytes, drop out from the blood vessel, proliferate and migrate to the damaged brain area where they are converted...

2014-04-04 12:20:22

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, in collaboration with Osaka City University and Kansai University of Welfare Sciences, have used functional PET imaging to show that levels of neuroinflammation, or inflammation of the nervous system, are higher in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome than in healthy people. Chronic fatigue syndrome, which is also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, is a debilitating condition characterized by chronic, profound, and disabling...

2014-02-27 19:05:09

Cognitive decline that often accompanies obesity and diabetes can be reversed with regular exercise or surgical removal of belly fat, scientists report. A drug already used to treat rheumatoid arthritis also helps obese/diabetic adult mice regain their ability to learn and comprehend, while transplanting belly fat to a normal mouse reduces those abilities, said Dr. Alexis M. Stranahan, neuroscientist at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University. Studies in humans and...

2013-12-09 14:05:31

Researchers identify mechanism implicated in brain cancer and a drug that decreases brain tumor growth Researchers at the University of Calgary's Hotchkiss Brain Institute (HBI) have made a discovery that could lead to better treatment for patients suffering from brain cancer. Despite current treatment strategies, the median survival for patients with the most aggressive brain cancer – called glioblastoma, is 15 months. Less than five per cent of patients survive beyond five years....

Scientists Film Early Concussion Damage And Describe Brain's Response To Injury
2013-12-09 13:29:47

[ Watch the Video: Concussion Secrets Unveiled with Dr. Dorian McGavern ] NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke There is more than meets the eye following even a mild traumatic brain injury. While the brain may appear to be intact, new findings reported in Nature suggest that the brain's protective coverings may feel the brunt of the impact. Using a newly developed mouse trauma model, senior author Dorian McGavern, Ph.D., scientist at the National...

2013-11-25 16:39:32

A new kind of genetic switch can target the activities of just one type of brain cell Mysterious brain cells called microglia are starting to reveal their secrets thanks to research conducted at the Weizmann Institute of Science. Until recently, most of the glory in brain research went to neurons. For more than a century, these electrically excitable cells were believed to perform the entirety of the information processing that makes the brain such an amazing machine. In contrast, cells...

2013-11-15 10:58:29

Identifying 'sensome' of microglia could improve understanding, treatments for neurodegenerative disorders Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators have used a new sequencing method to identify a group of genes used by the brain's immune cells – called microglia – to sense pathogenic organisms, toxins or damaged cells that require their response. Identifying these genes should lead to better understanding of the role of microglia both in normal brains and in neurodegenerative...

2013-08-14 11:54:45

The steady accumulation of a protein in healthy, aging brains may explain seniors' vulnerability to neurodegenerative disorders, a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine reports. The study's unexpected findings could fundamentally change the way scientists think about neurodegenerative disease. The pharmaceutical industry has spent billions of dollars on futile clinical trials directed at treating Alzheimer's disease by ridding brains of a substance...

Alzheimer's Disease: Protective Gene Variant Sheds Light On Potential New Treatment
2013-04-26 04:44:04

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research published Thursday in the journal Neuron sheds new light on the molecular causes of Alzheimer´s disease, while also revealing a potential new therapy which could help prevent cognitive decline and brain damage during the early stages of the neurodegenerative disorder. The study focuses on a variant of a gene known as CD33, which typically contributes to Alzheimer´s disease by inhibiting the ability of a...


Word of the Day
cenobite
  • One of a religious order living in a convent or in community; a monk: opposed to anchoret or hermit (one who lives in solitude).
  • A social bee.
This word comes from the Latin 'coenobium,' convent, which comes from the Greek 'koinobios,' living in community.
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