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Latest Misconceptions about HIV and AIDS Stories

2014-07-11 10:26:38

Emory Health Sciences Viral fitness tracks with likelihood of transmission New research on HIV transmission shows that viral fitness is an important basis of a "genetic bottleneck" imposed every time a new person is infected. The findings define a window of opportunity for drugs or vaccines to prevent or limit infection. HIV represents evolution on overdrive. Every infected individual contains a swarm of viruses that exhibit variability in their RNA sequence, and new mutations are...

2014-06-24 10:35:56

American College of Emergency Physicians Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) screening for emergency patients at an institution with a large number of ethnic minority, underinsured and uninsured people reveals few are HIV positive, but of those who are, nearly one-quarter are in the acute phase and more than one-quarter have infections that have already advanced to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The results of the study were reported online yesterday in Annals of Emergency...

2014-05-19 09:55:53

University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences The first direct proof of a long-suspected cause of multiple HIV-related health complications was recently obtained by a team led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Vaccine Research (CVR). The finding supports complementary therapies to antiretroviral drugs to significantly slow HIV progression. The study, which will be published in the June issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation and is available online, found that...

2014-03-04 13:25:34

A series of papers in the March issue of Health Affairs examines how the Affordable Care Act could affect two sectors of the most vulnerable Americans — those living with HIV/AIDS and people who have recently cycled through jail. The issue features several studies by researchers with the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics, one of the nation's premier policy research centers dedicated to promoting health and value in healthcare delivery through innovative research and...

2014-02-04 11:29:24

Nearly half of HIV-infected teenagers and young adults forego timely treatment, delaying care until their disease has advanced, which puts them at risk for dangerous infections and long-term complications, according to a study led by the Johns Hopkins Children's Center. The researchers say their findings, published Feb. 3 in JAMA Pediatrics, are particularly troubling in light of mounting evidence that starting treatment as early as possible can go long way toward keeping the virus in...

2013-11-27 15:18:10

An analysis indicates that the prevalence of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among state prison entrants in North Carolina was low, at 0.09 percent, according to a study appearing in the November 27 issue of JAMA. "A substantial proportion of individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus in the United States enter a correctional facility annually. Therefore, incarceration presents an opportunity for HIV detection. Even though many states have adopted...

2013-10-31 11:21:51

"Treatment as prevention" – early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected individuals with uninfected sexual partners to prevent viral transmission – appears to make economic sense, along with meeting its clinical goals of helping infected patients stay healthy and reducing transmission. A model-based analysis of data from an important clinical trial projected that early ART for such patients in both South Africa and India would be very cost-effective over the lifetime...

2013-10-30 10:08:05

Although younger children with HIV are at high risk of disease progression if not treated, new research published this week in PLOS Medicine indicates that they have good potential for achieving high CD4 counts (a measure of a type of white blood cell that correlates with immune function) in later life provided antiretroviral therapy (ART) is initiated according to current treatment guidelines. However, the research also suggests that the recommended CD4 count thresholds for ART initiation...


Latest Misconceptions about HIV and AIDS Reference Libraries

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2011-01-26 14:08:59

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a lentivirus, causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which is a condition in humans were the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. Infection is transferred through bodily fluids where HIV is present as both free virus particles and within infected immune cells. The four most common routes of infection are unsafe sex, contaminated needles, breast milk, and transmission from an infected mother to her...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'