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Latest Misconceptions about HIV and AIDS Stories

2014-03-04 13:25:34

A series of papers in the March issue of Health Affairs examines how the Affordable Care Act could affect two sectors of the most vulnerable Americans — those living with HIV/AIDS and people who have recently cycled through jail. The issue features several studies by researchers with the USC Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics, one of the nation's premier policy research centers dedicated to promoting health and value in healthcare delivery through innovative research and...

2014-02-04 11:29:24

Nearly half of HIV-infected teenagers and young adults forego timely treatment, delaying care until their disease has advanced, which puts them at risk for dangerous infections and long-term complications, according to a study led by the Johns Hopkins Children's Center. The researchers say their findings, published Feb. 3 in JAMA Pediatrics, are particularly troubling in light of mounting evidence that starting treatment as early as possible can go long way toward keeping the virus in...

2013-12-03 00:21:27

CHICAGO, Dec. 3, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Researchers have used radioimmunotherapy (RIT) to destroy remaining human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cells in the blood samples of patients treated with antiretroviral therapy, offering the promise of a strategy for curing HIV infection. Results of the study were presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has transformed the outlook for...

2013-11-29 04:20:49

LONDON, November 29, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Maintaining antiretroviral adherence is an ongoing challenge and important aspect in achieving the World AIDS Day 2013 aim of 'Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths' To mark World AIDS Day (December 1, 2013), Women for Positive Action - a global, multidisciplinary group of experts committed to addressing the specific concerns of women living with HIV - has released a commentary highlighting the...

2013-11-27 15:18:10

An analysis indicates that the prevalence of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among state prison entrants in North Carolina was low, at 0.09 percent, according to a study appearing in the November 27 issue of JAMA. "A substantial proportion of individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus in the United States enter a correctional facility annually. Therefore, incarceration presents an opportunity for HIV detection. Even though many states have adopted...

2013-10-31 11:21:51

"Treatment as prevention" – early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected individuals with uninfected sexual partners to prevent viral transmission – appears to make economic sense, along with meeting its clinical goals of helping infected patients stay healthy and reducing transmission. A model-based analysis of data from an important clinical trial projected that early ART for such patients in both South Africa and India would be very cost-effective over the lifetime...

2013-10-30 10:08:05

Although younger children with HIV are at high risk of disease progression if not treated, new research published this week in PLOS Medicine indicates that they have good potential for achieving high CD4 counts (a measure of a type of white blood cell that correlates with immune function) in later life provided antiretroviral therapy (ART) is initiated according to current treatment guidelines. However, the research also suggests that the recommended CD4 count thresholds for ART initiation...

2013-10-02 12:46:56

In many ways, the spread of HIV has been fueled by substance abuse. Shared needles and drug users' high-risk sexual behaviors are just some of the ways that narcotics such as cocaine have played a key role in the AIDS epidemic in much of the world. There is, however, relatively little research into how drugs can impact the body's defenses against the virus. But a new UCLA study published in the October issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology examines how cocaine affects a unique...

2013-08-15 15:16:21

Animal model of HIV sexual transmission Infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a debilitating disorder in which progressive weakening of the immune system makes affected individuals more susceptible to potentially life-threatening infections and chronic diseases. Despite advances in the treatment and management of AIDS, there is no cure, and HIV infection remains a major global health problem. According to the WHO, there were an...

Two Boston Patients HIV Free After Bone Marrow Transplant
2013-07-03 11:32:32

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online After a series of grueling and risky treatments, two HIV-infected patients from Boston have tested negative for the virus after stopping their daily regimen of antiretroviral drugs, according to an announcement made at an international AIDS conference on Wednesday. Doctors credit the phenomenon to bone marrow transplants the patients received several years ago to treat advanced-stage blood cancer. "I don't want to use the 'cure'...


Latest Misconceptions about HIV and AIDS Reference Libraries

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2011-01-26 14:08:59

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a lentivirus, causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) which is a condition in humans were the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. Infection is transferred through bodily fluids where HIV is present as both free virus particles and within infected immune cells. The four most common routes of infection are unsafe sex, contaminated needles, breast milk, and transmission from an infected mother to her...

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