Latest Molecular cloud Stories

Astronomers Search For Cause Of Massive Star Formation
2013-12-21 04:25:12

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In an attempt to determine why massive stars – those with at least eight times the mass of our Sun – grow so much larger than most other stars in our galaxy, astronomers used the ALMA telescope to examine the cores of Infrared Dark Clouds roughly 10,000 light-years away. Infrared Dark Clouds are located in the direction of the constellations of Aquila and Scutum, and they are among the darkest, densest and coldest clouds in...

Molecular Cloud Explains Star Formation
2013-10-22 12:16:19

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The molecular clouds that float about the universe hold the ingredients for star formation, and a new study from researchers at University of California, San Diego has confirmed the mechanics behind three observed relationships describing the internal forces acting within these clouds, called Larson’s Laws. First postulated in 1981 by Richard Larson, a professor of astronomy at Yale, Larson's Laws detail the observation-based...

Astronomers Find Huge 'Hot Core' Enveloping Infant Star
2013-10-04 13:31:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered an infant star while looking at an infrared dark cloud that is about ten times larger than those found around typical solar-mass baby stars. A team using the ALMA Observatory was looking at infrared dark cloud G34.43+00.24 MM3 when it discovered the baby star. Hot molecular clouds around new-born stars are known as "Hot Cores" and have temperatures that are 100 degrees hotter than normal molecular clouds....

Mapping Location Of Galactic Clouds
2013-09-11 14:31:55

[ Watch the Video: Mapping Our Milky Way Galaxy ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the 22-meter Mopra Telescope in Coonabarabran, Australia have begun mapping the location where stars are born. In January, wildfires destroyed the telescope's adjoining workshop, office and accommodations, but Mopra's control room was spared because it was encased in brick. The team from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) wrote in the journal Publications of...

ALMA Scan Reveals Embryonic Star Formation
2013-07-10 05:07:12

[ Watch the Video: Zooming in on the Birth of a Monster Star ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers used ESO's Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter array (ALMA) to gain one of the best views yet of a star in the process of forming. The embryonic monster star sits inside Spitzer Dark Cloud (SDC) 335.579-0.292 right now, which contains over 500 times the mass of the Sun. Astronomers say the cloud will be giving birth to a very brilliant star with up to...

Astronomers Capture Rare Glimpse Of Star-Forming Region In Visible Light
2013-01-16 07:00:46

[Watch Videos: 1 - Zooming in on Lupus 3 / 2 - Panning Over Lupus 3] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The European Southern Observatory (ESO) released a stunning new image of a dark cloud where new stars are forming, along with a cluster of brilliant stars that have already emerged from the stellar nursery. The new image, taken with MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope at La Silla Observatory in Chile, is one of the finest and clearest ever taken in visible light of...

Star Formation In Barnard 68
2012-10-30 11:40:17

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team from Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) has observed the earliest stages of star formation using the European Space Agency's Herschel Space Observatory. The astronomers were able to produce a three-dimensional map of the molecular cloud B68, a possible birthplace for a low-mass star. They managed to also identify a previously unobserved class of object that could be the earliest known precursor of the birth of massive...

Galactic Center And The Pigtail Molecular Cloud
2012-09-05 11:06:34

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using a telescope at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan have discovered a molecular cloud that has a peculiar helical structure. The team, led by Shinji Matsumura, a second year Ph. D. candidate, named it a "pigtail" molecular cloud due to its morphology. The pigtail molecular cloud is located in the galactic center, about 30,000 light years away from the solar system. Giant molecular clouds found in this...

2012-07-10 11:48:06

Lee Rannals (http://blogs.redorbit.com/author/rannals/) for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new image taken by the European Space Agency´s Herschel space observatory, shows off two nebulous blue orbs in the Vela C region. Vela C is one of four regions known as the Vela Molecular Ridge, which is a complex of gas and dust located 2,300 light-years from Earth and weighing about 500,000 times the mass of the sun. The image shows the interplay between gravity and turbulence in...

Image 1 - Planck Getting Closer To The Cosmic Blueprint
2012-02-13 07:23:13

ESA´s Planck mission has revealed that our Galaxy contains previously undiscovered islands of cold gas and a mysterious haze of microwaves. These results give scientists new treasure to mine and take them closer to revealing the blueprint of cosmic structure. The new results are being presented this week at an international conference in Bologna, Italy, where astronomers from around the world are discussing the mission´s intermediate results. These results include the first...

Latest Molecular cloud Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Interstellar Cloud -- Interstellar cloud is the generic name given to accumulations of gas and dust in our galaxy. Depending on the density, size and temperature of a given cloud, the hydrogen in it can be neutral (HI clouds) or molecular (molecular clouds). Chemical compositions Analysing the composition of interstellar clouds is achieved by studying electromagnetic radiation that we receive from them. Large radio telescopes scan the intensity in the sky of particular frequencies of...

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