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Latest molecular evolution Stories

2014-06-06 10:00:13

University of Utah University of Utah researchers find that multiple silent mutations greatly impact protein translation So-called silent DNA mutations earned their title because, according to the fundamental rules of biology, they should be inconsequential. Reported on June 5 in PLOS Genetics online, University of Utah researchers experimentally proved there are frequent exceptions to the rule. The work was conducted in the bacteria, Salmonella enterica, used to study basic biological...

2014-04-30 12:14:38

Viruses and other external threats drive evolution of robust architectures The robust defenses that yeast cells have evolved to protect themselves from environmental threats hold lessons that can be used to design computer networks and analyze how secure they are, say computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University. Environmental "noise" is a key evolutionary pressure that shapes the interconnections within cells, as well as those of neural networks and bacterial/ecological networks,...

Rainbow Trout Genome Sequenced By International Team Of Researchers
2014-04-22 14:58:22

By Eric Sorensen, Washington State University Using fish bred at Washington State University, an international team of researchers has mapped the genetic profile of the rainbow trout, a versatile salmonid whose relatively recent genetic history opens a window into how vertebrates evolve. The 30-person team, led by Yann Guiguen of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, reports its findings this week in Nature Communications. Recent doubling enables study The...

2014-04-08 11:51:42

From time to time, living cells will accidentally make an extra copy of a gene during the normal replication process. Throughout the history of life, evolution has molded some of these seemingly superfluous genes into a source of genetic novelty, adaptation and diversity. A new study shows one way that some duplicate genes could have long-ago escaped elimination from the genome, leading to the genetic innovation seen in modern life. Researchers have shown that a process called DNA...

2014-01-08 17:11:35

A new study compares the relative rate of molecular evolution between humans and chimps with that of their lice. The researchers wanted to know whether evolution marches on at a steady pace in all creatures or if subtle changes in genes – substitutions of individual letters of the genetic code – occur more rapidly in some groups than in others. A report of the study appears in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. The team chose its study subjects because humans, chimps and their...

Intracellular ABC Transporters Allow Leaf Beetle Larvae To Accumulate Defensive Substances When Feeding
2013-12-09 11:58:38

Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology Similar membrane proteins play a crucial role in the transport of toxic substances out of the cell Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, have discovered the decisive biological stimulator for the accumulation of defensive substances in leaf beetle larvae used by the insects to fend off predators: ABC transport proteins, which are found in large quantities in glandular cells of the larvae. The poplar leaf...

2013-11-19 13:16:54

An original model that would explain how regions of the genome that are copied later on facilitate the birth of new genes with specific functions in tissues and organs One of the most important processes in the life of cells is genome replication, which consists of making exact copies of the DNA in order to pass it on to their offspring when they split. In most organisms, from yeast to human beings, genome replication follows a set plan, in which certain regions of the genome replicate...

Bats And Dolphins Have Genetic Similarities
2013-09-05 04:58:11

[ Watch the Video: Genetic Similarities In Echolocation Discovered In Bats And Dolphins ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Convergent evolution – the evolution of similar traits in drastically different types of creatures – is widespread not just at the physical level but also at the genetic level, according to new research published in this week’s edition of the journal Nature. As part of their study, scientists from Queen Mary University of London...

Fossil And Molecular Evidence Important For Studying Evolution
2013-08-10 05:19:24

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The fossils of microscopic aquatic creatures, whose shells resemble grains of sand to the naked eye, could help shed new light on the process of evolution, according to new research published Friday in the journal Methods in Ecology & Evolution. As part of their research, University of Southampton evolutionary ecologist Dr. Thomas Ezard and his colleagues are analyzing the remains of the one-millimeter large planktonic...


Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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