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Latest Mononegavirales Stories

2013-09-13 23:01:30

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that this year is on track to be the worst year for measles in more than a decade, reporting 159 cases so far this year. Dayton Children’s Hospital has not seen any cases of measles, but the hospital’s infectious disease experts want to calm parent’s fears of an outbreak in the area and remind them of the importance of vaccinating their children. Dayton, OH (PRWEB) September 13, 2013 The Centers for Disease Control and...

2013-08-13 11:07:59

Rare Amur tigers in Russia are succumbing to infection with canine distemper virus (CDV), a pathogen most commonly found in domestic dogs, according to the authors of a study published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Pressure from poaching, decimation of their prey base, and habitat fragmentation have diminished the population of Amur tigers (also called Siberian tigers) to fewer than 500. In the study, a team of scientists from the US...

Raccoon Rabies Caused Fatal Transplant Case
2013-07-24 12:41:52

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An investigation has determined that organ transplantation is the source behind a fatal case of raccoon rabies virus that took place earlier this year. In February of this year, a kidney recipient with no reported exposure to potentially rapid animals died from rabies 19 months after the transplant. About two human rabies deaths are reported in the US every year, and for years all but two cases were associated with bats. Raccoons are...

2013-07-23 15:32:37

Findings reveal new understanding of how virus suppresses the human immune system Disabling a protein in Ebola virus cells can stop the virus from replicating and infecting the host, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The data are published in July in the journal Cell Host and Microbe. Ebola viruses cause severe disease in humans because they can deactivate the innate immune system. Christopher Basler, PhD, Associate Professor of Microbiology at...

2013-06-19 14:03:06

Among children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who had undergone primary immunization, the use of a measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) booster compared with no booster did not result in worse JIA disease activity, according to a study in the June 19 issue of JAMA. "Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common childhood rheumatic disease, with a prevalence between 16 and 150 per 100,000. Patients with JIA may be susceptible to infections through the immunosuppressive effect of their...

2013-06-18 11:56:24

An infection from livestock? Patients in Vietnam and other locations with central nervous system infections may well be suffering from the effects of a newly discovered virus, according to a study to be published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Researchers have detected the virus in spinal fluid from 4 percent of 642 patients with central nervous system infections of unknown cause, and in an average of 58 percent of fecal samples from...

Surge In Measles Cases Has English Health Experts Concerned
2013-05-21 15:12:01

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Health officials are concerned about the surge in measles over the years since controversial research emerged, linking the vaccine for the illness to autism. Public Health England (PHE) announced a few weeks ago that measles cases in England in the first three months of 2013 reached a staggering 587 by the end of March, following a record annual high of nearly 2,000 cases in 2012. According to PHE data, 94 percent of...

2013-05-04 12:22:20

GAITHERSBURG, Md., May 4, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- MedImmune announced today it will conduct seven poster and/or presentations at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) Meeting at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington DC, May 4-7, 2013. These abstracts advance the body of existing data and knowledge around influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prevention, highlighting MedImmune's continued commitment to patient health. MedImmune posters to be presented at PAS...

Nipah Related Viruses In Fruit Bats Indentified On Both Sides Of Wallace's Line
2013-04-25 10:02:04

Public Library of Science An invisible barrier separates land animals in Australia from those in south-east Asia may also restrict the spillover of animal-borne diseases like avian flu, but researchers have found that fruit bats on either side of this line can carry Nipah virus, a pathogen that causes severe human disease. The findings are published April 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Andrew Breed from the University of Queensland, Australia and colleagues from other...

2013-04-19 16:59:24

Study offers understanding of asthma development The most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), can be transferred during pregnancy to an unborn baby, according to Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital research published online this week in the journal PLOS ONE. In animal models, the study shows that RSV is able to spread across the placenta from the respiratory tract of the mother to the fetus, and is...


Latest Mononegavirales Reference Libraries

70_1a57dceb4fac796cf2ab07fe90a19d10
2011-02-23 21:23:46

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is a virus in the family Rhabdoviridae. Rabies is in the same family. VSV infects insects and animals and is important to farmers in certain regions of the world where it can infect cattle. It is a common laboratory virus used for studying the Rhabdoviridae family and viral evolution. It is the prototypic member of the vesiculovirus genera of the Rhabdovirus family. The genome is a single molecule of negative-sense RNA that encodes five major proteins.

45_4e5e02b08631498660875887f9638f27
2011-02-23 20:38:02

Rinderpest (also cattle plague) is an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and some species of wildlife. It is characterized by fever, oral erosions, diarrhea, lymphoid necrosis, and high mortality. The last confirmed case was in 2001. In 2011 it should be announced that a global eradication of rinderpest was complete. The term comes from the German language meaning cattle-plague. The rinderpest virus is closely related to measles and canine distemper viruses. It is a...

45_372e8ab43ffc45ec313edc65d2ef1af0
2011-02-23 17:56:27

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections and is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection and hospital visits during infancy and childhood. For premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease there is a prophylactic medication. During winter months in temperate climates there is an annual epidemic. Infection in tropical climates is most common during the rainy season. 60% of infants, in the United States, are infected during their first...

45_bef8b7f8513bf09d49f97dcd422fc343
2011-02-23 17:45:51

The rabies virus is neurotropic virus, transmissible through the saliva of animals, that causes fatal disease in human and animals. Rabies is the type species of the Lyssavirus genus of Rhabdovirdae family. They are enveloped and single stranded RNA genome with negative-sense. All replication takes place in the cytoplasm. The virus has a bullet-like shape. Rabies enters the host cells through the endosomal transport pathway after receptor binding. After entry transcription of the viral...

45_3aacb4464d2f2975115bbb719c93a502
2011-02-23 17:16:23

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) is a pathogenic for pinniped species such as seals. Signs include labored breathing, fever, and nervous symptoms. It was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbour seals along the northern European coast. A PDV epidemic occurred again in 2002 along the North Sea coast resulted in the deaths of 21,700 seals. Numerous carnivorous mammal species in Canada have been found to have antibodies to PDV and CDV which shows that the virus spreads to...

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