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Latest Mononegavirales Stories

114413472
2011-12-05 06:51:01

More than 26,000 cases of measles and 115 outbreaks of the disease have been reported across 36 different European countries in 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on Friday. Furthermore, France had the largest number of reported measles cases with more than 14,000, according to statistics published in the December 2 edition of the Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER). BBC News also noted that 83% of all cases were in Western European countries, with slightly less than 1,000...

2011-11-14 23:14:35

Canada should establish a vaccine seroepidemiology surveillance network to better understand the effectiveness of vaccination programs, according to an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) (pre-embargo link only) http://www.cmaj.ca/site/embargo/cmaj110506.pdf. Many countries, in Europe for example, have well-established national serosurveillance programs, despite differing vaccination practices. Canada, however, lacks a coordinated serosurveillance program despite the...

Reasons For Measles High-Contagiousness Pinpointed
2011-11-05 04:59:44

An international team of researchers say that they have discovered how and why the measles virus spreads so quickly -- respiratory secretions linked to a key receptor located in the trachea. In a Friday press release, officials with INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale), who was involved with the work, report that this receptor, known as nectine-4, "allows the virus to spread through the air rapidly from one organism to another."...

2011-10-24 22:39:10

Professor Sarah Butcher's research group from Helsinki University's Institute of Biotechnology report in the 24th October online issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) a three-dimensional model of measles virus. The new model helps to explain many previous, unaccounted for observations in the life cycle of the virus. Measles is an important disease worldwide that is highly infectious, causing the deaths of over 100000 people annually. According to the...

2011-10-21 09:12:15

New virus could be the first filovirus to cause disease in bats A team of international researchers has discovered a new Ebola-like virus — Lloviu virus -- in bats from northern Spain. Lloviu virus is the first known filovirus native to Europe, they report in a study published in the journal PLOS Pathogens on Octobr 20th. The study was a collaboration among scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, the...

2011-10-03 08:14:00

More than 1 in 10 parents uses an alternative vaccination schedule, according to new University of Michigan research ANN ARBOR, Mich., Oct. 3, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A national survey of parents of young children found more than 1 in 10 use an alternative vaccination schedule, and a large proportion of parents using the recommended schedule seem to be "at risk" for switching to an alternative schedule. "Small decreases in vaccine coverage are known to lead to dramatic increases...

2011-08-29 09:18:00

HARRISBURG, Pa., Aug. 29, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Pennsylvania Department of Health is advising the public of exposure to a possible case of measles in Easton, Northampton County. The New Jersey resident has not yet been positively diagnosed, but has a probable case of measles. The person may have exposed people to measles when visiting Kohl's department store (3768 Easton Nazareth Highway) on Aug. 19 from 4 p.m.-9:30 p.m. Based on the date of exposure, it is possible that...

2011-08-25 11:15:13

Research published by two teams of Army scientists and collaborators has identified a cellular protein that plays a critical role in Ebola virus infection. The findings, published online today in separate studies in the journal Nature, suggest a possible strategy for combating one of the world's most deadly viruses. Ebola causes hemorrhagic fever with case fatality rates as high as 90 percent in humans. The virus is of concern both as a global public health threat and as a potential agent...

2011-08-24 16:03:00

HARRISBURG, Pa., Aug. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Pennsylvania Department of Health and the Philadelphia Department of Public Health are advising the public of exposure to a case of measles in Lancaster and Philadelphia counties. An international traveler visiting Pennsylvania has been diagnosed as having measles. He may have exposed other people to the disease while contagious at the following dates, times and locations: Philadelphia County Aug. 14, 4:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.,...

2011-08-24 14:04:00

Findings Published in Nature Could Lead to Drugs that Thwart Outbreaks BRONX, N.Y., Aug. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have helped identify a cellular protein that is critical for infection by the deadly Ebola virus. The findings, published in today's online edition of Nature, suggest a possible strategy for blocking infection due to Ebola virus, one of the world's most lethal viruses and a potential...


Latest Mononegavirales Reference Libraries

70_1a57dceb4fac796cf2ab07fe90a19d10
2011-02-23 21:23:46

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is a virus in the family Rhabdoviridae. Rabies is in the same family. VSV infects insects and animals and is important to farmers in certain regions of the world where it can infect cattle. It is a common laboratory virus used for studying the Rhabdoviridae family and viral evolution. It is the prototypic member of the vesiculovirus genera of the Rhabdovirus family. The genome is a single molecule of negative-sense RNA that encodes five major proteins.

45_4e5e02b08631498660875887f9638f27
2011-02-23 20:38:02

Rinderpest (also cattle plague) is an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and some species of wildlife. It is characterized by fever, oral erosions, diarrhea, lymphoid necrosis, and high mortality. The last confirmed case was in 2001. In 2011 it should be announced that a global eradication of rinderpest was complete. The term comes from the German language meaning cattle-plague. The rinderpest virus is closely related to measles and canine distemper viruses. It is a...

45_372e8ab43ffc45ec313edc65d2ef1af0
2011-02-23 17:56:27

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections and is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection and hospital visits during infancy and childhood. For premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease there is a prophylactic medication. During winter months in temperate climates there is an annual epidemic. Infection in tropical climates is most common during the rainy season. 60% of infants, in the United States, are infected during their first...

45_bef8b7f8513bf09d49f97dcd422fc343
2011-02-23 17:45:51

The rabies virus is neurotropic virus, transmissible through the saliva of animals, that causes fatal disease in human and animals. Rabies is the type species of the Lyssavirus genus of Rhabdovirdae family. They are enveloped and single stranded RNA genome with negative-sense. All replication takes place in the cytoplasm. The virus has a bullet-like shape. Rabies enters the host cells through the endosomal transport pathway after receptor binding. After entry transcription of the viral...

45_3aacb4464d2f2975115bbb719c93a502
2011-02-23 17:16:23

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) is a pathogenic for pinniped species such as seals. Signs include labored breathing, fever, and nervous symptoms. It was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbour seals along the northern European coast. A PDV epidemic occurred again in 2002 along the North Sea coast resulted in the deaths of 21,700 seals. Numerous carnivorous mammal species in Canada have been found to have antibodies to PDV and CDV which shows that the virus spreads to...

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