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Mononegavirales Reference Libraries

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Vesicular stomatitis virus
2011-02-23 21:23:46

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is a virus in the family Rhabdoviridae. Rabies is in the same family. VSV infects insects and animals and is important to farmers in certain regions of the world where it can infect cattle. It is a common laboratory virus used for studying the Rhabdoviridae family and viral evolution. It is the prototypic member of the vesiculovirus genera of the Rhabdovirus...

Rinderpest
2011-02-23 20:38:02

Rinderpest (also cattle plague) is an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and some species of wildlife. It is characterized by fever, oral erosions, diarrhea, lymphoid necrosis, and high mortality. The last confirmed case was in 2001. In 2011 it should be announced that a global eradication of rinderpest was complete. The term comes from the German language meaning...

Respiratory syncytial virus
2011-02-23 17:56:27

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory tract infections and is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infection and hospital visits during infancy and childhood. For premature infants and infants with congenital heart disease there is a prophylactic medication. During winter months in temperate climates there is an annual epidemic. Infection in tropical climates is most...

Rabies Virus
2011-02-23 17:45:51

The rabies virus is neurotropic virus, transmissible through the saliva of animals, that causes fatal disease in human and animals. Rabies is the type species of the Lyssavirus genus of Rhabdovirdae family. They are enveloped and single stranded RNA genome with negative-sense. All replication takes place in the cytoplasm. The virus has a bullet-like shape. Rabies enters the host cells through...

Phocine distemper virus
2011-02-23 17:16:23

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) is a pathogenic for pinniped species such as seals. Signs include labored breathing, fever, and nervous symptoms. It was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbour seals along the northern European coast. A PDV epidemic occurred again in 2002 along the North Sea coast resulted in the deaths of 21,700 seals. Numerous carnivorous mammal species...

Mumps Virus
2011-02-17 17:26:28

Mumps virus causes mumps which is a common childhood disease characterized by swelling of the parotid glands and other epithelial tissues causing high morbidity in some cases deafness. Infection is currently restricted to humans while the virus is transmitted by direct contact, droplet spread, or via contaminated objects. It is a vaccine preventable disease although significant outbreaks have...

Monkeypox
2011-02-17 17:11:15

Monkeypox virus causes monkeypox in both humans and animals. It was first found in 1958 in macaque monkeys that were being used as laboratory animals. The monkeys are often used for neurological experiments. The virus is typically found in rainforest regions of central and West Africa. It was first discovered in 1970 in humans and from 1970 to 1986 there were over 400 cases reported in...

Measles
2011-02-17 16:35:12

Measles, also known as Rubeola or Morbilli, is caused by a virus and infects the respiratory system. Morbilliviruses are enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses. Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes and a generalized maculopapular erythematous rash. It is spread through respiration and is highly contagious. 90% of people without immunity who share a living...

Marburg virus
2011-02-17 16:29:01

Marburg virus, or Marburg, is the standard name for the genus of viruses Marburgvirus which contains the species, Lake Victoria Marburgvirus. It causes Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever (MHF) which originated with primates. It originated in Africa and can infect humans and primates. It is in the same taxonomic family as Ebola and both are identical structurally although they elicit different...

Henipavirus
2011-01-12 15:42:47

Henipavirus, a genus of the Paramyxoviridae family, contains two members: Hendravirus and Nipahvirus. Pteropid fruit bats are natural harborers of the henipaviruses. They are characterized by a large genome, a wide host range, and their zoonotic pathogens. They viruses are pleomorphic and range in shape from 40 to 600 nm in diameter. They have a lipid membrane overlying a shell of viral...

Word of the Day
aphotic
  • Having no light.
  • Of or relating to the region of a body of water that is not reached by sunlight and in which photosynthesis is unable to occur.
The word 'aphotic' comes from Greek roots meaning 'without' and 'light'.
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