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Moons of Jupiter Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:44

Satellite -- A satellite is an object that orbits another object. With sufficient tangential velocity, the object does not collide with the primary object it orbits, but maintains a distance from that object as the rate at which it falls towards that object is similar to the rate that it travels away, thus the object orbits the primary object and becomes a satellite. In other words:...

Galileo Probe
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Galileo Probe -- The Galileo probe was an unmanned probe sent by NASA to study the planet Jupiter and its moons. Named after the astronomer Galileo Galilei, it was launched on October 18 1989 by the Space Shuttle Atlantis and arrived at Jupiter on December 7 1995. Galileo's launch had been significantly delayed by the hiatus in Space Shuttle launches that occurred after the Space Shuttle...

Retrograde Motion
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Retrograde Motion -- Retrograde motion is the orbital motion of a body in a direction opposite that which is normal to spatial bodies within a given system. 'Retrograde' derives from the Latin words retro, backwards, and gradus, step. In the Solar system, mostly everything rotates in the same sense: all major planets orbit the Sun counterclockwise as seen from the pole star (Polaris). Most...

Planetary Ring
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Planetary Ring -- A planetary ring is a ring of dust and other small particles orbiting around a planet in a flat disc-shaped region. The most spectacular and famous planetary rings are those around Saturn, but all four of the solar system's gas giant planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) possess ring systems of their own. The origin of planetary rings is not precisely known, but...

Jupiters Moon Himalia
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Himalia -- Himalia is Jupiter's tenth moon. Himalia is 110 miles (170 km) in diameter and orbits 7,000,000 miles (11,480,000 km) from Jupiter. Himalia has a mass of 9.5 x 1018kg. It orbits Jupiter in 250.5662 (Earth) days. Very little is known about Himalia. Himalia was discovered by C. Perrine in 1904. Orbital eccentricity is 0.15798. Orbital inclination is...

Jupiters Moon Leda
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Leda -- Leda ("LEE duh") is the ninth of Jupiter's known satellites and the smallest. Discovered by C. Kowal Date of discovery 1974 Mass (kg) 5.68e+15 Mass (Earth = 1) 9.5047e-10 Equatorial radius (km) 8 Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) 1.2543e-03 Mean density (gm/cm^3) 2.7 Mean distance from Jupiter (km) 11,094,000 Rotational period (days) ? Orbital period (days)...

Jupiters Moon Callisto
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Callisto -- With a diameter of over 4,800 km (2,985 miles), Callisto is the third largest satellite in the solar system and is almost the size of Mercury. Callisto is the outermost of the Galilean satellites, and orbits beyonds Jupiter's main radiation belts. It has the lowest density of the Galilean satellites (1.86 grams/cubic centimeter). Its interior is probably similar...

Jupiters Moon Ganymede
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Ganymede -- Ganymede is the largest satellite in the solar system with a diameter of 5,268 km (3270 miles). It is larger than Mercury and Pluto, and three-quarters the size of Mars. If Ganymede orbited the Sun instead of orbiting Jupiter, it would easily be classified as a planet. If Ganymede orbited the Sun instead of Jupiter it could be classified as a planet. Like...

Jupiters Moon Europa
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Europa -- Europa is a puzzle. The sixth largest moon in our Solar System, Europa confounds and intrigues scientists. Few bodies in the Solar System have attracted as much scientific attention as this moon of Jupiter because of its possible subsurface ocean of water. The more we learn about this icy moon, the more questions we have. Because the nature of science is to ask...

Jupiters Moon Io
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Jupiter's Moon Io -- Looking like a giant pizza covered with melted cheese and splotches of tomato and ripe olives, Io is the most volcanically active body in the solar system. Volcanic plumes rise 300 kilometers (190 miles) above the surface, with material spewing out at nearly half the required escape velocity. A bit larger than Earth's moon, Io is the third largest of Jupiter's moons,...