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Latest Motor neuron Stories

2012-12-19 13:52:01

San Francisco, CA, Dec. 15-19, 2012 Moscone Center, 747 Howard Street ORGANIZING THE EYE'S NEURONS Poster: 2342/B1205 Special Interest Subgroup: Tissue Development and Morphogenesis II Tuesday, Dec. 18, 2012; Exhibit Halls A-C, 12:30 — 2 p.m. Authors: A. R. Tomás and M. R. Deans Tomás and Deans have identified a protein needed for neuron organization in the developing retina. The team says that the study helps reveal how the healthy retina...

Effects From Low-cal Diets Seen In Fly Brain And Mouthpart
2012-07-16 13:06:17

Transmission of nerve signals is enhanced in the insects that eat less A novel technique for measuring tiny, rapid-fire secretions in the brains and mouthparts of fruit flies (drosophila) is providing insights into the beneficial effects of eating less – information that ultimately could help people suffering from neuromuscular disorders. Using the method, researchers uncovered never-before-seen brain chemistry that helps explain why fruit flies genetically manipulated to mimic...

2012-05-07 09:12:00

In an effort to identify the underlying causes of neurological disorders that impair motor functions such as walking and breathing, UCLA researchers have developed a novel system to measure the communication between stem cell-derived motor neurons and muscle cells in a Petri dish. The study provides an important proof of principle that functional motor circuits can be created outside of the body using stem cell-derived neurons and muscle cells, and that the level of communication, or...

2012-03-07 11:16:28

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an incurable, and progressive, disease caused by an inheritable defect in the gene SMN1. Depending on the severity of the mutation it can result in the loss of spinal cord motor neurons, muscle wasting (atrophy) and even death of an affected child. A new study published in Biomed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine shows that Fasudil, a ROCK inhibitor, can improve both the size of muscle fibers and their connection to motor neurons. Fasudil also...

2012-02-29 12:32:47

The quest for treatments for motor neurone disease, spinal cord injury and strokes could be helped by new research that shows how key cells are produced The quest for treatments for motor neurone disease, spinal cord injury and strokes could be helped by new research that shows how key cells are produced. Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have been able to manipulate the production of motor neurones — which control all muscle activity — in zebrafish. Zebrafish are...

2012-02-08 14:33:52

Some unusual alliances are necessary for you to wiggle your fingers, researchers report. Understanding those relationships should enable better treatment of neuromuscular diseases, such as myasthenia gravis, which prevent muscles from taking orders from your brain, said Dr. Lin Mei, Director of the Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics at Georgia Health Sciences University. During development, neurons in the spinal cord reach out to muscle fibers to form a direct line of...

2011-09-27 11:31:29

Discovery could lead to treatments for muscular dystrophy and ALS Researchers at the University of Missouri have identified a communication breakdown between nerves and muscles in mice that may provide new insight into the debilitating and fatal human disease known as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). “Critical communication occurs at the point where nerves and muscles ℠talk´ to each other. When this communication between nerves and muscles is disrupted, muscles do not...

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2011-08-22 12:38:57

Researchers from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine may have pinpointed the cause of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to BBC News reports on Sunday. ALS, which the BBC referred to as "the most common form of motor neuron disease," could be the result of "a breakdown of a recycling system in cells." The Northwestern researchers "found the flaw in the way nerve cells in the brain recycle protein building blocks, which means cells cannot repair themselves...

2011-02-11 19:34:51

Sugar residues regulate growth and survival of nerve cells RUB researchers examine interaction of cells and extracellular matrix Researchers in Bochum have found out that certain sugar residues in the spinal cord regulate the growth and survival of nerve cells which control the movement of muscles. "We hope that our findings can improve regenerative treatment of nerve injuries", explains Prof. Dr. Stefan Wiese from the Molecular Cell Biology study group (Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology)....

2011-02-09 15:02:26

New research using a mouse model of the motor neuron disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) reveals an abnormality in the way that sensory information is relayed to motor neurons in the spinal cord. Importantly, this disruption in communication occurs very early in disease progression and precedes the neuronal death and muscle weakness that are the hallmark of the disease. The study, published by Cell Press in the February 10 issue of the journal Neuron, suggests that therapeutic strategies...