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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 21:20 EDT

Latest Mutation Stories

Nearsightedness May Be Due To Genetic Mutation
2013-05-03 06:01:19

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have discovered a link between nearsightedness and mutations in a gene partially responsible for the regulation of copper and oxygen levels in eye tissues, according to a paper published in Thursday´s edition of the American Journal of Human Genetics. Nearsightedness, which is also known as myopia, is a condition which results when a person´s eye is too long or there is too much curvature in their cornea,...

2013-04-25 20:27:17

The gene could also be involved in breast and ovarian cancer An international research consortium led by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), the CIBERER and the University of Wurzburg (Germany) has discovered a gene that can cause three totally different diseases, depending on how it is altered. The researchers, using next-generation massive ultrasequencing techniques, have sequenced the over 20,000 genes of a Fanconi anemia patient's genome. By adopting this...

2013-04-25 20:22:47

Sequencing of 57 prostate cancer genomes shows cancer gains powerful advantage with abrupt intervals of complex, large scale DNA reshuffling Cancer is typically thought to develop after genes gradually mutate over time, finally overwhelming the ability of a cell to control growth. But a new closer look at genomes in prostate cancer by an international team of researchers reveals that, in fact, genetic mutations occur in abrupt, periodic bursts, causing complex, large scale reshuffling of...

Researchers Buzzed Over Caffeine As Cancer-cell Killer
2013-04-19 12:13:18

University of Alberta UAlberta research team uses caffeine and fruit flies to pinpoint genetic pathways that guide DNA repair in cancer cells. Researchers from the University of Alberta are abuzz after using fruit flies to find new ways of taking advantage of caffeine´s lethal effects on cancer cells–results that could one day be used to advance cancer therapies for people. Previous research has established that caffeine interferes with processes in cancer cells that...

2013-04-18 22:00:23

Study finds abnormal protein translation leads to Fragile X ataxia, a disorder seen in grandfathers of children with Fragile X syndrome A bizarre twist on the usual way proteins are made may explain mysterious symptoms in the grandparents of some children with mental disabilities. The discovery, made by a team of scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School, may lead to better treatments for older adults with a recently discovered genetic condition. The condition, called...

2013-04-18 21:35:20

Research led by a scientist at the University of York has thrown new light on the way breakdowns in the DNA copying process inside cells can contribute to cancer and other diseases. Peter McGlynn, an Anniversary Professor in the University's Department of Biology, led a team of researchers who have discovered that the protein machines that copy DNA in a model organism pause frequently during this copying process, creating the potential for dangerous mutations to develop. The research,...

2013-03-14 16:27:35

WASHINGTON, March 14, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In research supported by The ALS Association and published in the online journal Neuron, scientists in London have shown that mutation in a gene that causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) reduces the energy supply in neurons and other cells--suggesting that the inability to produce sufficient quantities of energy is an important step in causing some cases of ALS. ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, is a progressive...

2013-03-04 23:05:52

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital ties mutations in 2 genes to the death of motor neurons associated with ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease, and other devastating neurodegenerative problems A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has discovered mutations in two genes that lead to the death of nerve cells in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, and related degenerative diseases. The same mutation occurred in both genes and led to the...

2013-03-03 12:20:33

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital ties mutations in two genes to the death of motor neurons associated with ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease, and other devastating neurodegenerative problems MEMPHIS, Tenn., March 3, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has discovered mutations in two genes that lead to the death of nerve cells in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, and related degenerative diseases. The...

Mutant Champions Save Vulnerable Species From Almost-certain Extinction
2013-02-20 12:52:16

University of Washington Species facing widespread and rapid environmental changes can sometimes evolve quickly enough to dodge the extinction bullet. Populations of disease-causing bacteria evolve, for example, as doctors flood their “environment,” the human body, with antibiotics. Insects, animals and plants can make evolutionary adaptations in response to pesticides, heavy metals and overfishing. Previous studies have shown that the more gradual the change, the better the...