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Latest Myelin Stories

New Hope For Children With Fatal Brain Diseases Offered By Human Neural Stem Cells Study
2012-10-10 15:41:20

New findings demonstrate potential to treat a wide variety of disorders that affect myelin Physician-scientists at Oregon Health & Science University Doernbecher Children's Hospital have demonstrated for the first time that banked human neural stem cells – HuCNS-SCs, a proprietary product of StemCells Inc. – can survive and make functional myelin in mice with severe symptoms of myelin loss. Myelin is the critical fatty insulation, or sheath, surrounding new nerve fibers and...

2012-08-01 11:33:14

Wayne State University School of Medicine researchers, working with colleagues in Canada, have found that one or more substances produced by a type of immune cell in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) may play a role in the disease's progression. The finding could lead to new targeted therapies for MS treatment. B cells, said Robert Lisak, M.D., professor of neurology at Wayne State and lead author of the study, are a subset of lymphocytes (a type of circulating white blood cell) that...

2012-06-28 20:15:46

Mayo Clinic researchers have successfully used smaller, folded DNA molecules to stimulate regeneration and repair of nerve coatings in mice that mimic multiple sclerosis (MS). They say the finding, published today in the journal PLoS ONE, suggests new possible therapies for MS patients. "The problem has been to find a way to encourage the nervous system to regenerate its own myelin (the coating on the nerves) so nerve cells can recover from an MS attack," says L. James Maher III, Ph.D.,...

2012-06-16 00:53:10

Hope for therapy for both trauma to the peripheral nervous system and for common conditions such as diabetic neuropathy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Researchers from the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, in collaboration with colleagues from Rutgers University, Newark and University College London, have furthered understanding of the mechanism by which the cells that insulate the nerve cells in the peripheral nervous system, Schwann cells, protect and...

Double Positive Punch In Brain White Matter Prompted By Chinese Meditation
2012-06-12 06:46:04

Scientists studying the Chinese mindfulness meditation known as integrative body-mind training (IBMT) say they've confirmed and expanded their findings on changes in structural efficiency of white matter in the brain that can be related to positive behavioral changes in subjects practicing the technique regularly for a month. In a paper appearing this week in the online Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, scientists Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael Posner report...

2012-06-04 17:21:14

Some neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis and cerebral palsy are associated with the inability to repair the chronic destruction of myelin sheaths that surround the core of a nerve fiber and function to speed transmission of nerve impulses. To better understand the failure to remyelinate these nerves in disorders involving loss of these sheaths, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine examined how myelin forms during development. They found that a transcription factor known...


Word of the Day
siliqua
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'
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