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Latest Myosin Stories

2013-12-17 04:20:03

Tokyo, Dec 17, 2013 - (ACN Newswire) - Beginning with their discovery of spontaneous oscillatory contraction (SPOC) of muscle, Prof. Shin'ichi Ishiwata and his team at Waseda University's Faculty of Science and Engineering have been experimentally characterizing this phenomenon over the last 25 years. Recently, the team, in collaboration with Dr. Katsuhiko Sato of the RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology (Kobe) and Vice Director Yoshiki Kuramoto of the International Institute for Advanced...

Researchers Help Develop A Dynamic Model Of Tissue Failure
2013-12-12 17:45:57

University of Pennsylvania The idea of growing replacement tissue to repair an organ, or to swap it out for an entirely new one, is rapidly transitioning from science fiction to fact. Tissue engineering techniques are improving in their ability to generate three-dimensional masses of cells and provide them with vascular systems for keeping them alive, but a more mathematically rigorous approach for designing these tissues is still needed. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania,...

2013-11-26 16:24:38

The blood stem cells that live in bone marrow are at the top of a complex family tree. Such stem cells split and divide down various pathways that ultimately produce red cells, white cells and platelets. These “daughter” cells must be produced at a rate of about one million per second to constantly replenish the body’s blood supply. Researchers have long wondered what allows these stem cells to persist for decades, when their progeny last for days, weeks or months before they need to...

Molecular Muscles Inside Cells Help Them Sense, Respond To Their Environments
2013-10-21 07:27:59

Johns Hopkins Medicine Johns Hopkins researchers used suction to learn that individual "molecular muscles" within cells respond to different types of force, a finding that may explain how cells "feel" the environment and appropriately adapt their shapes and activities. A summary of the discovery, published online Oct. 20 in the journal Nature Materials, specifically sheds light on how forces outside of cells are translated into internal signals. A computer model the researchers...

New Research Challenges 50 Years Of Muscle Knowledge
2013-07-10 10:54:49

Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the past 50 years, scientists and health professionals have operated with the knowledge that biceps are packed with long ropes of filaments. When the bicep is used to lift a heavy object or flex, these filaments were understood to shorten or contract the muscle and give it its power. A new study from the University of Washington (UW) challenges this notion, saying that while the general idea of filaments contracting is the same,...

2012-07-20 01:55:31

Max Planck scientists bring the basis of muscle movement into sharper focus Muscle contraction and many other movement processes are controlled by the interplay between myosin and actin filaments. Two further proteins, tropomyosin and troponin, regulate how myosin binds to actin. While theoretical models have in fact described exactly how these muscle proteins interact, this interaction has never previously been observed in detail. Stefan Raunser and Elmar Behrmann from the Max Planck...

Looking For The Origin Of Muscles
2012-06-28 10:31:20

Nature: Central components of muscles of higher animals much older than assumed A characteristic feature of most animals is their ability to move quickly with the help of their musculature. Animals that can move are able to flee, hunt for prey, travel long distances or conquer new habitats. The evolution of muscles was thus a fundamental step during animal evolution. While the structure and function of muscles, especially of vertebrates, have been intensively studied, the evolutionary...

2012-06-11 19:54:23

An actin-ratchet tightens the contractile ring that severs budding daughter cells from their yeast mothers During the final stage of cell division, a short-lived contractile ring constricts the cellular membrane and eventually separates the dividing cell in two. Although this "molecular muscle's" composition, mainly actin and myosin, is similar to its skeletal counterpart, the force-producing mechanism is fundamentally different, report researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical...

2012-04-03 11:33:42

Researchers from the Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Gothenburg have managed for the first time to obtain detailed information about the role of the protein metastasin in the spread of tumor cells. Published recently in the renowned Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the study paves the way for the development of new drugs. Metastasin is a protein with a key role in the spread of tumor cells. Previous research has shown that it is...

2012-03-30 08:17:36

Russians born during the Leningrad Siege in World War II, which was responsible for some of the greatest losses of civilian life in history, are giving scientists new strategies to identify people who experienced intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and starvation during childhood at greatest risk of developing long term heart complications.vThe abstract study´, presented at the Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology (FCVB) meeting, in London, UK, 30 March to 1 April 2012, makes use of a...


Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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