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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 17:34 EDT

Latest National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stories

2012-05-08 09:15:08

A study of mothers and their toddlers suggests that mothers of overweight toddlers often had inaccurate perceptions of their child's body size, according to a report published in the May issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. The study is part of the Nutrition and the Health of Children and Adolescents theme issue. Feeding behaviors are influenced by perceptions of a child's body size and misperception of a child's size could lead to...

2012-04-02 10:02:34

Changes in delivery practices appear to be main contributing factor Women take longer to give birth today than did women 50 years ago, according to an analysis of nearly 140,000 deliveries conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. The researchers could not identify all of the factors that accounted for the increase, but concluded that the change is likely due to changes in delivery room practice. The study authors called for further research to determine whether...

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2012-03-31 07:31:38

Researchers with the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) have discovered that women spend more time in labor today than they did five decades ago, various media outlets reported on Friday. According to Amy Norton of Reuters, the NIH study found that American females spend approximately two to three hours longer, on average, in labor compared to 1960. Most of that extra time is spent in the first stage of labor, or the time during which the cervix opens until it is wide enough to allow...

2012-03-16 16:51:11

Infants' faces evoke species-specific patterns of brain activity in adults Distinct patterns of activity–which may indicate a predisposition to care for infants-- appear in the brains of adults who view an image of an infant face–even when the child is not theirs, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and in Germany, Italy, and Japan. Seeing images of infant faces appeared to activate in the adult's brains circuits that reflect preparation...

2012-02-22 14:51:26

NIH research network identifies differences in brain structure as early as 6 months Patterns of brain development in the first two years of life are distinct in children who are later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), according to researchers in a network funded by the National Institutes of Health. The study results show differences in brain structure at 6 months of age, the earliest such structural changes have been recorded in ASDs. "The difference in the trajectory of...

2012-02-10 22:36:04

Older maternal and paternal age are jointly associated with having a child with autism, according to a recently published study led by researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). The researchers compared 68 age- and sex-matched, case-control pairs from their research in Jamaica, where UTHealth has been studying autism in collaboration with The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston, Jamaica. “This should put to rest...

2012-02-08 14:36:25

Higher blood levels of cadmium in females, and higher blood levels of lead in males, delayed pregnancy in couples trying to become pregnant, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other academic research institutions. Cigarette smoke is the most common source of exposure to cadmium,, a toxic metal found in the earth's crust, which is used in batteries, pigments, metal coatings and plastics. Smokers are estimated to have twice the levels of cadmium as...

2012-02-08 11:52:42

High-quality early child care isn't important just for children, but for their mothers, too. That's the conclusion of a new study by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin; the study appears in the journal Child Development. The study analyzed data from more than 1,300 children in the longitudinal Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, which was sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). As part of the...

2012-01-19 12:26:00

Virtual Network of Experts to Work Together To Prevent Preterm Birth WASHINGTON, Jan. 19, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The March of Dimes, along with its partners, are giving experts in the field of preterm birth prevention an opportunity to learn from each other and to work together to bring the nation's preterm birth rate under 10 percent and give more babies a healthy start. U.S. Surgeon General Regina Benjamin will be the keynote speaker for the Prematurity Prevention...

2012-01-17 14:39:00

--The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Will Create Long-Term Clinical Data Resource for Medical Researchers -- PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 17, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Within the first days of life, screening tests are performed on all newborns born in the U.S. to identify rare and often life-threatening medical conditions that are not apparent at birth. These newborn screening programs have been operating for decades, permitting doctors to intervene early and improve outcomes in...