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Latest National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stories

2010-06-18 14:49:00

USAID Partners with the American Academy of Pediatrics, Laerdal Medical AS and others to help reduce infant mortality in the developing world WASHINGTON, June 18 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) signed a Memorandum of Understanding this week with the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Laerdal Medical AS, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and Save the Children. The objective of...

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2010-06-17 08:28:31

University of Michigan and NIH scientists find a biological mechanism to explain the phenomenon During pregnancy, many women experience remission of autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and uveitis. Now, scientists have described a biological mechanism responsible for changes in the immune system that helps to explain the remission. The expression of an enzyme known as pyruvate kinase is reduced in immune cells in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women, according to Howard R....

2010-05-17 07:18:55

Early CPAP as effective for preemies as ventilator, with fewer complications Two findings from an NIH research network study provide new information on how much oxygen very preterm infants should receive starting on the first day of life and the most effective means to deliver it to them. The first was that higher oxygen levels improve preterm infants' survival but increase the risk for a condition that can damage the retina. The second was that a treatment typically used for adults with...

2010-05-14 14:15:27

Promoting parent involvement has been a big part of efforts to improve school performance. A new study has found that children whose parents were more involved across elementary school had fewer problem behaviors and better social skills, but that children's academics weren't affected. The study, in the May/June 2010 issue of the journal Child Development, is based on information about more than 1,300 children from 10 U.S. cities who were followed from birth to fifth grade. They are part of...

2010-05-14 14:13:13

Children whose minds are stimulated in several early childhood settings"”home, preschool, and school"”have higher achievement in elementary school. What matters is not whether children's learning is supported at home, or stimulated in preschool or in elementary school, but that all three of these occur. That's the conclusion of a new study published in the May/June 2010 issue of Child Development. "The study has implications for policy as Congress reauthorizes the No Child Left...

2010-05-14 14:10:00

If you thought that the quality of the child care your toddler got wouldn't matter when he or she was a teenager, think again. A new longitudinal study of more than 1,300 children has found that it does matter, more than a decade after the children have transitioned from child care to elementary school. The study, the first to document long-term effects of routine, nonrelative care in a large sample of children from economically diverse families, extends the findings of previous research on...

2010-04-08 09:14:02

Taking vitamin C and E supplements starting in early pregnancy does not reduce the risk for the hypertensive disorders and their complications that occur during pregnancy, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research network. The supplements notably failed to reduce the risk of preeclampsia, a potentially fatal form of hypertension in pregnancy. The findings are in contrast to suggestions in some previous small studies that the vitamins could reduce the risk of...

2010-03-25 11:00:00

MENLO PARK, Calif., March 25 /PRNewswire/ -- SRI International, an independent nonprofit research and development organization, announced today that it has been awarded a $20 million preclinical services contract by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), one of the National Institutes of Health. In this role, SRI will serve as a resource contractor for the preclinical development of new contraceptive drugs and devices for the NICHD's...

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2010-03-21 08:25:00

More than 1 behavior can spread simultaneously across a social network Recent studies have shown that behaviors such as happiness, obesity, smoking and altruism are "contagious" within adult social networks. In other words, your behavior not only influences your friends, but also their friends and so on. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego and Harvard University have taken this a step farther and found that the spread of one behavior in social networks "“ in this...

2010-03-09 07:01:00

Paul G. Rogers Distinguished Organization Advocacy Award WASHINGTON, March 9 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- March of Dimes will receive Research!America's 2010 Paul G. Rogers Distinguished Organization Advocacy Award. The award recognizes March of Dimes' decades of successful advocacy for maternal and child health research and services. March of Dimes will be honored March 16, 2010, at the 14th Annual Research!America Advocacy Awards event at the Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium in Washington,...


Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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