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Latest National Institute Stories

2011-07-21 12:25:31

The optgenetical engineering technology controls the activity of orexin neurons of the brain Recently, optogenetics, which controls the activity of neuron using the light-activated protein, has been getting a lot of attention. This light-activated protein works like a switch of neurons by sensing specific color of light. This time, Associate Professor Akihiro YAMANAKA and Dr. Tomomi Tsunematsu from National Institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), succeeded in suppressing only the...

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2011-05-13 09:51:41

A surprising breakthrough moment in superconducting physics has come from, of all places, a boozy office party at the National Institute for Materials Science in Tsukuba Japan, according to a recent AFP report. Researchers, lead by Yoshihiko Takano, made their discovery when they put tablets of an iron-based compound called Fe(Te,S) into alcoholic drinks at an office party a year ago. The phenomenon of superconductivity is the zero-loss flow of electricity through certain materials. When an...

2011-04-18 23:01:00

- Research Agenda Suggested for Detecting Pre-Symptomatic Alzheimer's - - New Alzheimer's Definition Moves Researchers Closer to Early Detection and Intervention - CHICAGO, April 19, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- For the first time in 27 years, new criteria and guidelines for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease have been published by three expert workgroups spearheaded by the Alzheimer's Association and the National Institute on Aging (NIA) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)....

2011-03-07 14:14:20

Japanese researchers have been immersing iron-based compounds in hot alcoholic beverages such as red wine, sake and shochu to induce superconductivity. Scientists from the National Institute for Materials Science, Japan, found that immersing pellets of an iron-based compound in heated alcoholic beverages for 24 hours greatly increase their superconducting ability. Iron-based compounds usually become superconductive after being exposed to air. This process however can take up to several...

2011-02-16 15:29:42

Seniors with hearing loss are significantly more likely to develop dementia over time than those who retain their hearing, a study by Johns Hopkins and National Institute on Aging researchers suggests. The findings, the researchers say, could lead to new ways to combat dementia, a condition that affects millions of people worldwide and carries heavy societal burdens. Although the reason for the link between the two conditions is unknown, the investigators suggest that a common pathology may...

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2011-02-09 07:00:00

Climate experts warned industry leaders at a conference on Tuesday that global warming is putting a huge strain on Bordeaux's wine grapes in France. The ominous scenario foretells that "Bordeaux's climate, by 2050, will no longer favor Cabernet and Merlot," the main tastes of the region's red wines, said Jean-Pascal Goutouly, a researcher at the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA). "We are currently on the most pessimistic curve -- that's the emergency," Goutouly told...

2011-01-20 22:05:04

Preventing the vasopressin neurons from swelling, and maintaining their size The anti-diuretic hormone "vasopressin" is released from the brain, and known to work in the kidney, suppressing the diuresis. Here, the Japanese research team led by Professor Yasunobu OKADA, Director-General of National Institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), and Ms. Kaori SATO, a graduate student of The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, clarified the novel function of "vasopressin" that works in the...

2011-01-19 23:44:56

The instability of large, complex societies is a predictable phenomenon, according to a new mathematical model that explores the emergence of early human societies via warfare. Capturing hundreds of years of human history, the model reveals the dynamical nature of societies, which can be difficult to uncover in archaeological data. The research, led Sergey Gavrilets, associate director for scientific activities at the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis and a...

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2011-01-13 05:55:00

Researchers have identified a way to ease tinnitus, or ringing in the ears, by stimulating a nerve in the neck while simultaneously playing certain sounds over an extended period of time.  These measures work together to essentially "reboot" the brain, the scientists said. Tinnitus affects as many as 23 million U.S. adults, including one in 10 seniors and 40 percent of military veterans.  The hallmark of the condition, which is currently incurable, is often a persistent ringing in...

2011-01-12 00:01:32

In a timely review paper, scientists from Japan, Germany, and Spain provide a highly relevant overview of the history, physical interpretation and applications of plasmons in metallic nanostructures. (PRWeb UK) January 11, 2011 Tadaaki Nagao at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) and colleagues in Germany and Spain present a review on plasmons in metallic nanomaterials. The article is published this week in the...


Word of the Day
bellycheer
  • Good cheer; viands.
  • To revel; to feast.
The word 'bellycheer' may come from 'belle cheer', "good cheer".
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