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Latest National Institute Stories

2010-09-21 09:00:00

AUSTIN, Texas, Sept. 21 /PRNewswire/ -- The National Institute for Renewable Energy (NIRE), a non-profit, public/private collaboration, which was fostered by the Innovate Texas Foundation, announces major wind turbine development and research projects in Texas. NIRE, Texas Tech University (TTU), industrial and research partners will soon power up the first of several planned renewable energy test and production facilities to help resolve key issues facing the wind power and broader clean...

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2010-07-06 06:05:00

The Moon's geological past could be better understood by a mineral that Japanese astronomers report they have found. Using an instrument-loaded probe - Kaguya - placed in orbit around the lunar body in 2007, the team of scientists found abundant sources of the mineral in concentric rings in three distinct crater regions. Olivine, as the mineral is known, is believed to be a revealing sign of mantle -- the deep inner layer of iron- and magnesium-rich rock that lies beneath the Moon's crust....

2010-06-28 07:00:00

SUNNYVALE, Calif., June 28 /PRNewswire/ -- BARRX Medical Inc., a world leader in products to treat pre-cancerous tissue in the esophagus, reported today that the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom has published new guidelines approving the use of radiofrequency ablation for the eradication of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus. Barrett's esophagus is a precancerous condition that affects over 6.6 million people around the world and is caused by...

2010-06-09 14:19:03

Study shows that low-income African-Americans have higher rates of chronic kidney disease than other African-Americans or whites African Americans with incomes below the poverty line have a significantly higher risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) than higher-income African-Americans or whites of any socioeconomic status, research led by scientists at Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Aging shows. Conducted in a racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of participants from the...

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2010-05-26 06:40:00

Adults in good health who consume one to two glasses of alcohol per day have a smaller chance of developing Type 2 diabetes than those who abstain from alcohol, according a 10-year study by Dutch researchers published Tuesday. The study of 35,000 adults between the ages of 20 and 70 showed that those who consumed moderate amounts of alcohol, while meeting at least three of four conditions of a healthy lifestyle, had 40 percent less chance of developing Type 2 diabetes compared with those who...

2010-05-25 16:02:00

DALLAS, May 25 /PRNewswire/ -- Alstom, a global leader in power generation, today announced that Alstom Wind has entered into a long-term collaborative R&D agreement with the National Institute for Renewable Energy (NIRE). Alstom Wind and NIRE's collaborative efforts will initially focus on grid integration research & development. The program is scheduled to begin in the fall of 2010 and will also include the North American certification of Alstom's ECO 86, 1.67 MW wind turbine...

2010-05-14 09:36:19

A new commentary on the nature of pathogens is raising startling new questions about the role that fundamental science research on evolution plays in the understanding of emerging disease. Ecological speciation, and specifically speciation that occurs when a subset of a population shifts onto a novel host, is one of the main routes for the emergence of new fungal diseases in plants, argue the authors of a new paper published online in Trends in Ecology & Evolution (TREE). Linking emerging...

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2010-04-15 06:53:54

Separate species that live in radically different environments don't necessarily also have different ecological niches. This is the finding of a study investigating the accuracy of current statistical tests that use models of geographic distributions to infer changes in environmental requirements. In a new study published in the journal Systematic Biology, a model simulating the distributions of two imaginary species with identical environmental requirements, or ecological niches, was...

2010-03-29 18:01:00

PARIS, March 30, 2010 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Sanofi-aventis (EURONEXT: SAN, and NYSE: SNY) announced today that the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales, has just published a new appraisal consultation document (ACD)[1] for Multaq(R) (dronedarone) indicating its intention to recommend Multaq(R) use for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The NICE appraisal committee's preliminary recommendation is to endorse...

2010-03-01 15:46:48

Alcohol dependence (AD) is a complex disease for which both genetic and environmental factors affect susceptibility. Previous research had identified several genes associated with AD through linkage analysis or candidate-gene approaches. Findings from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) support an association between AD and a cluster of genes on chromosome 11. Results will be published in the May 2010 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at...