Quantcast

Latest National Institute Stories

2010-12-08 15:00:02

When two individuals face off in conflict, the classic problem in evolutionary biology known as the prisoner's dilemma says that the individuals are not likely to cooperate even if it is in their best interests to do so. But a new study suggests that with incentives to cooperate, natural selection can minimize conflict, changing the game from one of pure conflict to one of partial cooperation. The findings, published online in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggest that the...

2010-10-08 10:30:00

Healthy Aging: Unlocking the Secrets of Longevity With Science and Public Policy WASHINGTON, Oct. 8 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Rear Admiral Susan J. Blumenthal, M.D., MPA, Chair of Meridian International Center's Global Health Program will moderate the 5th Annual Global Health Forum, an Italy-U.S. scientific symposium focused on "Healthy Aging Globally: A Life Cycle Approach." Sponsored by the Embassy of Italy, attendees will learn about the science of longevity and the policy actions...

2010-09-21 22:10:34

Orexin wakes up your brain by self-excitation mechanism For advanced activities of our daily life (such as driving a car, or seeing a movie), to be awake is important. It has been known so far that neuropeptide in the brain called "Orexin"controls sleep and awakening besides appetite. Here, the research group led by Dr. Akihiro Yamanaka, National Institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), found that orexin-releasing neurons have the self-excitation mechanism that activate each other among...

2010-09-21 09:00:00

AUSTIN, Texas, Sept. 21 /PRNewswire/ -- The National Institute for Renewable Energy (NIRE), a non-profit, public/private collaboration, which was fostered by the Innovate Texas Foundation, announces major wind turbine development and research projects in Texas. NIRE, Texas Tech University (TTU), industrial and research partners will soon power up the first of several planned renewable energy test and production facilities to help resolve key issues facing the wind power and broader clean...

2953f56287c904d3c31309ed6344a55d
2010-07-06 06:05:00

The Moon's geological past could be better understood by a mineral that Japanese astronomers report they have found. Using an instrument-loaded probe - Kaguya - placed in orbit around the lunar body in 2007, the team of scientists found abundant sources of the mineral in concentric rings in three distinct crater regions. Olivine, as the mineral is known, is believed to be a revealing sign of mantle -- the deep inner layer of iron- and magnesium-rich rock that lies beneath the Moon's crust....

2010-06-28 07:00:00

SUNNYVALE, Calif., June 28 /PRNewswire/ -- BARRX Medical Inc., a world leader in products to treat pre-cancerous tissue in the esophagus, reported today that the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the United Kingdom has published new guidelines approving the use of radiofrequency ablation for the eradication of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus. Barrett's esophagus is a precancerous condition that affects over 6.6 million people around the world and is caused by...

2010-06-09 14:19:03

Study shows that low-income African-Americans have higher rates of chronic kidney disease than other African-Americans or whites African Americans with incomes below the poverty line have a significantly higher risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) than higher-income African-Americans or whites of any socioeconomic status, research led by scientists at Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Aging shows. Conducted in a racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of participants from the...

7d24d7aa9da61a5c453b90672ad99cfa1
2010-05-26 06:40:00

Adults in good health who consume one to two glasses of alcohol per day have a smaller chance of developing Type 2 diabetes than those who abstain from alcohol, according a 10-year study by Dutch researchers published Tuesday. The study of 35,000 adults between the ages of 20 and 70 showed that those who consumed moderate amounts of alcohol, while meeting at least three of four conditions of a healthy lifestyle, had 40 percent less chance of developing Type 2 diabetes compared with those who...

2010-05-25 16:02:00

DALLAS, May 25 /PRNewswire/ -- Alstom, a global leader in power generation, today announced that Alstom Wind has entered into a long-term collaborative R&D agreement with the National Institute for Renewable Energy (NIRE). Alstom Wind and NIRE's collaborative efforts will initially focus on grid integration research & development. The program is scheduled to begin in the fall of 2010 and will also include the North American certification of Alstom's ECO 86, 1.67 MW wind turbine...

2010-05-14 09:36:19

A new commentary on the nature of pathogens is raising startling new questions about the role that fundamental science research on evolution plays in the understanding of emerging disease. Ecological speciation, and specifically speciation that occurs when a subset of a population shifts onto a novel host, is one of the main routes for the emergence of new fungal diseases in plants, argue the authors of a new paper published online in Trends in Ecology & Evolution (TREE). Linking emerging...


Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
Related