Latest National Institute Stories

2009-10-08 14:26:30

Another role of the energy source A Japanese research group led by Prof. Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Sravan Mandadi (National Institute for Physiological Sciences: NIPS) found that ATP plays a key role in transmitting temperature information from skin keratinocytes to afferent sensory neurons. Their findings were presented in the Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology published on October 2009. Hazardous temperatures (extreme hot or cold) are known to be detected by the...

2009-08-21 08:34:12

Japanese research group led by Professor Junichi Nabekura in National Institute for Physiological Sciences, NIPS, Japan, found that, after cerebral stroke in one side of the mouse brain, another side of the brain rewires its neural circuits to recuperate from damaged neural function. The Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) supported this study. They report their finding in Journal of Neuroscience, on August 12, 2009.The research group investigated how neural circuits rearrange...

2009-08-07 09:51:13

Japanese research group led by Prof. Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Takaaki Sokabe (National Institute for Physiological Sciences: NIPS), and Prof. Masayuki Takeda, Dr. Isao Araki and Dr. Tsutomu Mochizuki (Yamanashi Univ.), found that bladder urothelial cells have a sensor for stretch stimulation. Their finding was reported in the Journal of Biological Chemistry published on Aug 7, 2009.Bladder is known to release ATP that activates micturition reflex pathway during urine storage. However, it has...

2009-07-13 10:30:00

In the brain, many types of synaptic proteins are spatio-temporally regulated to maintain synaptic activity at a constant level. Here, the Japanese research group led by Professor Masaki Fukata, Drs. Yuko Fukata and Jun Noritake in National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Japan, found that two types of palmitoylating enzymes finely-tune the location and function of a major synaptic protein, PSD-95, in different ways. They also found that this mechanism contributes to keeping synaptic...

2009-07-08 15:30:00

A compound in the soil of Easter Island in the South Pacific significantly extends the lifespan of older mice, researchers at the University of Texas reported on Wednesday. The molecule, known as "rapamycin" after the island's Polynesian name, Rapa Nui, is a bacterial byproduct discovered in a sample obtained from the remote Pacific archipelago during the 1970s. The researchers gave the rapamycin to mice that were the human equivalent of 60 years old, and found it expanded lifespans by 28 to...

2009-06-06 06:30:00

Substantial rates of alcohol-related injuries could be curtailed by postponing the start of alcohol consumption, Reuters reported. Consultations with a fair accounting of the of U.S. adult population give support for a connection with "starting to drink at an early age and not only unintentionally injuring oneself while under the influence of alcohol, but with injuring other people", Dr. Ralph W. Hingson said.  A report in the journal Pediatrics by Hingson and Dr. Wenxing Zha, both from...

2009-05-29 15:05:00

UK researchers say that low-dose aspirin should not routinely be used to prevent heart attacks and strokes, contrary to official guidance. Data from over 100,000 clinical trial participants was analyzed and it was found that the risk of harm largely cancelled out the benefits of taking the drug. They found that only those who have already had a heart attack or stroke should be advised to take a daily aspirin. GPs said that the Lancet study would help to clarity a "confusing" issue. The...

2009-04-22 15:24:13

Experts say that parents are making children suffering from vomiting and diarrhea sicker by giving them flat coke and lemonade. According to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), it was a myth that sugary drinks could help ease bouts of gastroenteritis. Instead, NICE said bad cases of stomach bugs in children under five need treatment with rehydration drinks. The NHS advisers said that quick action was needed to avoid hospital admissions. Half of all the children...

2009-03-04 09:02:00

AVONDALE, Pa., March 4 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Stroud(TM) Water Research Center is pleased to announce the addition of Dr. David B. Arscott as its assistant director. A freshwater ecologist, Arscott brings to the Center a breadth of expertise in the fields of aquatic macroinvertebrates, ecohydrology, biosecurity (invasive species) and water allocation issues. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20080730/DC29191LOGO ) The new position is yet another illustration of the Stroud...

2009-01-26 12:16:00

TROY, Mich., Jan. 26 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Automotive Youth Educational Systems (AYES) announced that it has engaged the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) to explore ways the two organizations can better serve the needs of students, schools and the automotive service industry. Working under a Memorandum of Understanding, the effort is being led by Chuck Roberts, ASE Executive Director, Industry Relations. Roberts has extensive dealership experience, along with...

Word of the Day
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.