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Latest National Institute Stories

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2009-01-13 09:45:11

Taking commonly prescribed kinds of postmenopausal hormones could speed up the loss of brain tissue in women ahead of what happens normally with age. "Our findings suggest one possible explanation for the increased risk for dementia in older women who had previously taken post-menopausal hormone therapy in the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study," said study Chief Dr. Susan M. Resnick, at the National Institute on Aging in Baltimore. This discovery is the result of the Women's Health...

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2008-12-01 09:47:15

Implications for vaccine distribution in event of bioterrorist attack Although naturally occurring smallpox was eradicated in 1977, there is concern that bioterrorists might obtain smallpox from a laboratory and release it into the population. Under such circumstances, the supply of smallpox vaccine may be insufficient for universal administration. In a study published in the December 2008 issue of The American Journal of Medicine, researchers found that lifetime protection is obtained from...

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2008-12-01 07:45:00

Brazilian officials say the destruction of the Amazon rainforest has accelerated for the first time in four years; the government said the figure could have been a lot worse if it had not taken action against illegal logging. In recent years the Brazilian government has been able to celebrate three successive falls in deforestation. But satellite images show 11,968 sq km of land was cleared this year, nearly 4% higher than the year before, according to the National Institute for Space...

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2008-11-27 10:06:17

Irregular, heavy drinking pattern clogs blood vessels As the holidays arrive, a group of researchers has identified the precise mechanisms by which binge drinking contributes to clogs in arteries that lead to heart attack and stroke, according to a study published today in the journal Atherosclerosis. The works adds to a growing body of evidence that drinking patterns matter as much, if not more, to risk for cardiovascular disease than the total amount consumed. According to the National...

2008-10-30 15:00:30

Freezing a defined benefit (DB) pension will involve increased costs, reduced benefits, or some combination of these, according to a new research brief issued today by the National Institute on Retirement Security. The research brief, "Look Before You Leap: The Unintended Consequences of Pension Freezes," finds that freezing a DB plan can have serious and unanticipated impacts. Specifically, freezing a DB plan and moving to an individual defined contribution (DC) plan can: --...

2008-10-27 06:00:23

NATICK, Mass., Oct. 27 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Boston Scientific Corporation today welcomed an announcement by the U.K.'s National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommending the use of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for patients with chronic neuropathic pain. In its comprehensive final guidance, NICE confirmed that SCS is both safe and clinically effective in these patients. Importantly, NICE also concluded that SCS is cost-effective when used to treat patients with...

2008-10-08 12:00:37

SIOUX FALLS, S.D., Oct. 8 /PRNewswire/ -- Sanford Health (http://www.sanfordhealth.org/) announced today exercise, heat stress and athletic performance expert Michael F. Bergeron, PhD, FACSM has joined the team. Internationally known for his research and work with athletes, Dr. Bergeron will serve as director of the new National Institute for Athletic Health & Performance at Sanford based in Sioux Falls. In addition to his research, Dr. Bergeron will offer services for athletes including...

2008-10-02 03:00:37

By Browder, Diane M Ahlgrim-Delzell, Lynn; Courtade, Ginevra; Gibbs, Susan L; Flowers, Claudia ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the impact of a curriculum called the Early Literacy Skills Builder on the language and early literacy skills of students with significant developmental disabilities. Students in the control group received the ongoing sight word and picture instruction prescribed by their individualized education programs. Results indicate statistically significant interaction...

2008-09-11 21:00:08

By Helen Dennis Dear Readers: Today's column continues last week's discussion, in which reader D.H. expressed a desire to convince her 74-year-old sister that her sedentary lifestyle likely will have a negative effect on how long and how well she lives. Let's start with some facts: Long-term studies indicate that exercise is the strongest predictor of healthy longevity. Exercise can slow down the normal aging process, physically and mentally. Most people do not continue an...

2008-09-03 12:00:16

KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Sept. 3 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Mathematicians and biologists from around the world will converge on the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, to take part in a new institute dedicated to finding creative solutions to pressing problems from animal disease to wildfire control. The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded UT Knoxville $16 million to begin the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, or NIMBioS. UT Knoxville won the award in...


Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'