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Latest National Physical Laboratory Stories

2011-01-18 16:22:11

The UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) with the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center have published new research about the structure of an HIV-1 protein that could help to develop new drugs to stop the virus infecting healthy cells. The research provides a new insight into how the changes in structure of a small part of an HIV protein (a membrane proximal peptide) may alter the infection of the virus into healthy cells. The team was able to observe key changes in...

2010-11-01 21:07:43

The UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) has developed a new portable radiation detector that can assess the safety of potentially contaminated areas far quicker than current methods. The prototype was inspired by the aftermath of the murder of Alexander Litvinenko in London 2006. Litvinenko's death was due to radiation poisoning from polonium-210. It prompted wide-scale work to assess radiation levels at almost 50 premises in London that he had been prior to his death before opening them...

2010-10-20 19:16:19

UK scientists help to create standards for measuring electric materials on the nanoscale The UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is working to provide more reliable measurement of the electrical properties of materials used in nanotechnology "“ which could lead to much more accurate devices in the future. Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) won the Nobel Prize in 1986. It uses a nano-sized probe to feel the surface of a material "“ akin to a finger reading Braille on an extremely...

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2010-10-12 22:50:16

'HATS' off to the National Physical Laboratory for innovation in sound measurementScientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have developed a means of representing a 3D model ear, to help redefine the standard for a pinna simulator (the pinna is the outer part of the ear) "“ used to measure sound in the way we perceive it.The nature of human hearing is heavily dependent on the shape of the head and torso, and their interaction with sound reaching the ears allows for the...

2010-08-16 17:44:53

From 14 - 25 August 2010, scientists from around the world will gather in Southern Turkey to measure the spectral reflectance of a few square kilometres of salt. These measurements will have a major impact on the future of satellite based Earth observation, and will ultimately improve our understanding of the Earth's climate. For ten months of the year Tuz Göl (Lake Tuz) in southern Turkey appears to be like any other lake. However, during July and August it dries to become a bright,...

2010-06-23 01:21:31

The UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is involved in a collaborative project that is helping to further the understanding of HIV viral protein structure which could lead to new molecular medicines. In May 2010 the project team, comprising biotechnology experts from NPL, the University of Edinburgh and IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, published some of their research in Journal of Physical Chemistry B. The article sets out to resolve controversy over how part of an HIV protein is...

2010-03-01 11:10:19

The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and the University of Dundee recently assessed the light emitted by a home-use intense-pulsed light (IPL) hair reduction system and confirmed that it is safe. This confirmation is important, as IPL devices must meet the necessary safety guidelines, to ensure users are protected in the case of accidental exposure to the human eye. IPL is mainly used to treat certain cosmetic conditions "“ it can remove unwanted body hair, reduce the appearance of...

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2010-01-26 09:18:13

NPL 'phantoms' will validate new technique which monitors changes in cell structures A new technique to catch cancer early has taken an important step forward thanks to the National Physical Laboratory (NPL). NPL's 'phantoms' will ensure an exciting new screening technique can be relied upon by hospitals to identify early signs of cancer. The technique, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), is an increasingly popular method for looking beneath the surface of certain materials, notably human...

2010-01-19 18:33:02

A collaborative research project has brought the world a step closer to producing a new material on which future nanotechnology could be based. Researchers across Europe, including the UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL), have demonstrated how an incredible material, graphene, could hold the key to the future of high-speed electronics, such as micro-chips and touchscreen technology. Graphene has long shown potential, but has previously only been produced on a very small scale, limiting...

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2009-09-08 08:47:58

Antennas for the latest implanted medical devices are being developed by Queen Mary University of London and tested through a unique piece of kit at the UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL). In the near future in-body medical devices such as pacemakers will use radio frequency (RF) technology to improve healthcare for patients. A low-powered, two-way wireless communications system linking an in-body device to a monitoring system can provide up-to-the minute patient data to allow doctors to...


Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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