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Latest Nature Geoscience Stories

2013-11-18 20:41:52

Two billion years ago the Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single-most profound modification of its surface environments: the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans. This led to a series of major changes in global biogeochemical cycles, as a team around Aivo Lepland of the Norwegian Geological Survey NGU reports in the latest online edition of "Nature Geoscience". This also resulted in the distribution of one of life's key elements, phosphorous. Studies on the unique...

Martian Geology More Diverse Than Thought
2013-11-18 13:23:57

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For years, scientists have thought of Mars as being made up of just one kind of rock – a very simplistic planet compared to the diverse geology of Earth. However, a new study in the journal Nature Geoscience suggests there may be granite on Mars and puts forward a theory for how it could have formed there. "We're providing the most compelling evidence to date that Mars has granitic rocks," said study author James Wray, an...

2013-07-23 12:35:54

Scientists at the University of Bonn simulate that seismic waves can be focused like in a parabolic reflector In 2006 the island of Java, Indonesia was struck by a devastating earthquake followed by the onset of a mud eruption to the east, flooding villages over several square kilometers and that continues to erupt today. Until now, researchers believed the earthquake was too far from the mud volcano to trigger the eruption. Geophysicists at the University of Bonn, Germany and ETH Zurich,...

2013-07-10 14:23:46

New research by UM bioclimatology Assistant Professor Ashley Ballantyne models the influence of Arctic sea ice on Arctic temperatures during the Pliocene era. His research was published in the Research Highlight section of the July issue of Nature Geoscience. The full paper will be published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology: An International Journal for the Geosciences. Ballantyne and coauthors from Northwestern University, the University of Colorado and the National...

2013-06-27 13:27:58

Sterilized Mars spacecraft largely a waste of money Two university researchers say environmental restrictions have become unnecessarily restrictive and expensive–on Mars. Writing in the journal Nature Geoscience, astrobiologists Alberto Fairén of Cornell University and Dirk Schulze-Makuch of Washington State University say the NASA Office of Planetary Protection's "detailed and expensive" efforts to keep Earth microorganisms off Mars are making missions to search for...

2013-06-17 09:52:57

The noble gases get their collective moniker from their tendency toward snobbishness. The six elements in the family, which includes helium and neon, don't normally bond with other elements and they don't dissolve into minerals the way other gases do. But now, geochemists from Brown University have found a mineral structure with which the nobles deign to fraternize. Researchers led by Colin Jackson, a graduate student in geological sciences, have found noble gases to be highly soluble in...

2013-04-15 11:49:10

1000-year Antarctic Peninsula climate reconstruction A new 1000-year Antarctic Peninsula climate reconstruction shows that summer ice melting has intensified almost ten-fold, and mostly since the mid 20th Century. Summer ice melt affects the stability of Antarctic ice shelves and glaciers. The research, published this week in the journal Nature Geoscience, adds new knowledge to the international effort that is required to understand the causes of environmental change in Antarctica and...

Warming Oceans May Be Driving Sea-Ice Expansion In Antarctica
2013-04-01 07:07:28

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A growing number of studies have pegged global warming and climate change as a cause of sea-ice decline in recent decades. However, a newly published study in the journal Nature Geoscience is showing a vastly different scenario. According to researchers at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), ocean warming may actually be driving sea-ice expansion in the Antarctic. While sea ice at the North Pole has shrunk...

2012-11-08 00:53:19

Rapid advances in the new and developing field of restoration sedimentology will be needed to protect the world's river deltas from an array of threats, Indiana University Bloomington geologist Douglas A. Edmonds writes in the journal Nature Geoscience. The commentary, published this week in the November issue, addresses the fact that land is disappearing from river deltas at alarming rates. And deltas are extraordinarily important: They are ecologically rich and productive, and they are...

2012-10-22 22:22:31

The extensive system of levees along the Mississippi River has done much to prevent devastating floods in riverside communities. But the levees have also contributed to the loss of Louisiana's wetlands. By holding in floodwaters, they prevent sediment from flowing into the watershed and rebuilding marshes, which are compacting under their own weight and losing ground to sea-level rise. Reporting in Nature Geoscience, a team of University of Pennsylvania geologists and others used the...


Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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