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Neognathae Reference Libraries

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Cuban Macaw Ara tricolor
2014-09-11 11:07:56

The Cuban Macaw or the Cuban Red Macaw (Ara tricolor) is an extinct species of parrot that was native to Cuba and the Isla de la Juventud, an island off of the coast of west Cuba. At around 18 to 20 inches long it was one of the smaller members of the Ara genus of macaws. It was the last species of macaw that was native to the Caribbean islands to go extinct. A number of skins are preserved...

Atitlan Grebe Podilymbus gigas
2014-09-08 08:58:15

The Atitlan Grebe (Podilymbus gigas), known also as Giant Grebe, Poc, or Giant Pied-Billed Grebe, is an extinct water bird, a relative of the Pied-Billed Grebe. It was native to the Lago de Atitlan in Guatemala at an altitude of 1700 meters above sea level. Thanks to the work or the American ecologist Anne LaBastille, its decline is comprehensively known. LaBastille observed this species for...

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
2013-10-03 09:18:30

The Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius) is a shorebird of small size. It measures 18 to 20 centimeters long. In addition with its sister species, the Common Sandpiper, they make up the genus Actitis. They replace each other geographically; stray birds may settle with breeders of the other species and hybridize. Their breeding habitat is close by fresh water across most of Canada and the...

Grey-necked Wood Rail Aramedes cajaneus
2013-04-21 09:30:30

The Grey-necked Wood Rail (Aramedes cajaneus) is a species of bird belonging to the Rallidae family. It can be found in Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Columbia, El Salvador, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are tropical and subtropical moist lowland...

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
2013-04-21 09:25:17

The Least Grebe (Tachybaptus dominicus) is an aquatic bird. It is the smallest member of the grebe family. It occurs in the New World from the southwestern United States and Mexico to Chile and Argentina, and also on Trinidad and Tobago, the Bahamas and the Greater Antilles. It ranges in length from 21 to 27 cm and in weight from 112 to 180g. Just like all grebes, its legs are set far back...

Black Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni
2013-04-21 09:01:42

The Black Petrel (Procellaria parkinsoni) is also called the Parkinson’s Petrel. It is a large, black petrel, the smallest of the Procellaria. This species is an endemic breeder of New Zealand, breeding only on islands off the North Island, on Great Barrier Island and Little Barrier Island. At sea it scatters as far as Australia and Ecuador. It’s a medium-sized, all black petrel except...

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
2013-04-21 08:56:06

The Common Sandpiper (actitis hypoleucos) is a petite Palearctic wader. This bird and its American sister species, the Spotted Sandpiper (A. macularia), make up the genus Actitus. They are parapatric and substitute each other geographically; stray birds of either species may settle down with breeders of the other species and hybridize. Hybridization has also been reported between the Common...

Elliots Storm Petrel Oceanites gracilis
2012-12-28 13:44:31

Elliot’s Storm Petrel is a species of seabird in the family of storm petrels called Hydrobatidae. It may also be known as the White-vented Storm-petrel. The only two subspecies are; O. g. gracilis which is found in the Humboltd Current off of Peru and Chile, and O. g. galapagoensis which is found in the waters near Galapagos Islands. Its coloring is sooty-black with a white rump. Its legs are...

Swinhoes Storm Petrel Oceanodroma monorhis
2012-12-10 12:17:48

Swinhoe’s Storm Petrel may also be known as Swinhoe’s Petrel. It is a small, all-brown seabird of the storm petrel family of Hydrobatidae. The breeding habitat is islands in the northwest Pacific off China, Japan, and Korea. When they nest, it’s usually in colonies close to the sea in rock crevices and lays a single white egg. They spend the rest of the year at sea, ranging into the...

Zapata Rail Cyanolimnas cerverai
2012-11-27 00:03:03

The Zapata Rail is the only member of the monotypic genus Cyanolimnus. It is overall a dark-colored rail bird. It has grayish-blue underparts, a red-based yellow bill, brown upperparts, white under tail coverts, and red eyes and legs. Their short wings make it almost unable to fly. It is endemic to the wetlands of the Zapata Peninsula in southern Cuba, where its only known nest was discovered...

Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'