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Latest Nephron Stories

2013-05-31 11:00:24

Researchers have found that conditions in the womb can affect kidney development and have serious health implications for the child not only immediately after birth, but decades later. In a paper published today in The Lancet an international team, including Monash University's Professor John Bertram and the University of Queensland's Professor Wendy Hoy, reviewed existing, peer-reviewed research on kidney health and developmental programming - the effects of the in utero environment on...

2012-06-28 23:01:09

Draper Laboratory is designing a microdevice that will provide a more biologically realistic growth environment for human kidney cells in the laboratory. The proof-of-concept "kidney-on-a-chip" could one day give scientists a more accurate platform for drug screening or disease modeling. Cambridge, MA (PRWEB) June 28, 2012 Researchers designed a microdevice that will better simulate a biologically realistic growth environment for human kidney cells in the laboratory. The proof-of-concept...

2012-01-23 13:20:26

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a principal risk factor for heart disease and affects 1 billion people. At least half of them are estimated to be salt-sensitive; their blood pressure rises with sodium intake. New research released today [Jan. 22] shows important aspects of how sodium and potassium are regulated in the kidney. The work, posted online by Nature, also offers insight on how one form of familial high blood pressure disease is inherited. Nephrology researchers in the...

2011-09-15 12:48:33

A study by researchers from the schools of science and medicine at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis examines the effects of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) on living cells. This work is among the first to study concentrations of these tiny particles that are low enough to mimic the actual exposure of an ordinary individual. The effects on the human body of exposure to CNPs -- minute chemicals with rapidly growing applications in electronics, medicine, and many other fields --...

2011-07-07 00:27:34

A new animal study finds that too much or too little salt has an impact, and could lead to a lifetime of high blood pressure  A new animal study from Europe has drawn an association between pregnant mothers' sodium intake and their newborn's kidney development.  Among the most significant aspects of the study's findings is that either too much or too little salt during pregnancy had an adverse effect on the prenatal development of the offspring's kidneys. The consequence of such...

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2011-06-28 07:37:23

Babies born prematurely could be at greater risk of developing kidney diseases later in life according to a landmark study investigating the impacts of preterm birth on kidney development. The Monash University study is identifying new strategies for minimising the consequences of being born preterm, which accounts for around eight percent of births each year in Australia. By comparing the kidneys of babies born prematurely with those born after the full nine-month gestation, the research...

2011-02-01 22:56:07

Researchers have identified a cell in zebrafish that can be transplanted from one fish to another to regenerate nephrons, providing the potential to improve kidney function It is estimated that up to 10 percent of the U.S. population may have some form of renal disease, with 450,000 patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of Pittsburgh have identified a cell in zebrafish...

2011-01-17 12:06:24

Research offers new target for possible hypertension therapies The kidney is made up of roughly 1 million working units called nephrons. These basic structural units remove waste products from the blood, recycle some substances to be reused and eliminate what is left as urine. The end segment of nephrons, called the distal nephron, helps set blood pressure by controlling the amount of sodium in our blood. Today scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio reported...

2005-06-17 00:15:00

SALT LAKE CITY "“ In related discoveries with far-reaching implications for treating diabetes and understanding hypertension, University of Utah researchers have learned why thiazolidinediones (TZDs), a major anti-diabetes drug, cause edema and also have found a new pathway critical to fluid metabolism. Identification of this pathway may help understand fundamental mechanisms of blood pressure control. Using knockout-gene technology, the U of U School of Medicine researchers found that...


Latest Nephron Reference Libraries

Kidney
2013-04-30 13:58:54

Kidneys are the organs in the body that regulate blood pressure, electrolytes, acid-base homeostasis and other homeostatic functions. Formation and Orientation Kidneys can be found in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine in the retroperitoneum, located at the back of the abdominal cavity. Kidneys are usually 11 to 14 centimeters long, six centimeters wide and four centimeters thick. The parenchyma of the kidney is made up of the renal cortex and the renal medulla....

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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