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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 8:06 EDT

Latest Nervous system Stories

Alzheimer's Disease May One Day Be Diagnosed By Visual Cues
2013-11-13 14:25:05

[ Watch the Video: Vision Loss Linked With Alzheimer’s Disease ] Susan Bowen for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the future, your optometrist may be the first person to realize that you could have Alzheimer’s disease (AD). An international team of researchers has discovered the loss of a particular layer of retinal cells may reveal the presence of the disease. Led by R.C. Chang from the University of Hong Kong, along with researchers from Georgetown University Medical...

Aerobic Exercise Benefits Brain Function As Well As Body
2013-11-12 18:09:56

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online According to a study published in the journal Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, physical exercise programs could help aging adults improve their memory. Researchers from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas used a new brain imaging technique to determine aerobic exercise helps improve memory and brain function. The finding is significant for those adults 50 and older who want to stay mentally sharp....

2013-11-12 08:34:10

NEW YORK, Nov. 12, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research (MJFF), Thomas Jefferson University (Jefferson) and Taconic have collaborated to create, validate and distribute a valuable pre-clinical research tool: a genetically engineered rat with fluorescent dopamine-producing neurons--neurons that are affected in Parkinson's disease. This unique nonprofit, academic and industry partnership provides easy and open access to this...

pregnant exercise boosts baby brain
2013-11-11 15:01:00

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For years, doctors have been advising expectant mothers to refrain from physical exertion, if possible. However, a new study presented on Sunday at the “Neuroscience 2013” conference in San Diego has found regular physical exercise during pregnancy can actually boost the brain development of a newborn child. In the study, researchers at the University of Montreal and its affiliated CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital found that...

Late Nights May Cause Disruptions In Teenage Education, Emotions
2013-11-11 14:19:40

[ Watch the Video: Teens Who Sleep Earlier Perform Better At School ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In a study of 2,700 middle and high school adolescents, researchers from the University of California, Berkeley found that those who stay up later are more likely to struggle academically and emotionally. In an analysis of the longitudinal data from the large study group, of which 30 percent reported bedtimes later than 11:30 pm on school days and 1:30 am in the...

How Sleep Helps Visual Task Learning
2013-11-11 07:31:12

Brown University As any indignant teacher would scold, students must be awake to learn. But what science is showing with increasing sophistication is how the brain uses sleep for learning as well. At the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience in San Diego Nov. 10, 2013, Brown University researchers will discuss new research describing the neural mechanism by which the sleeping brain locks in learning of a visual task. The mounting evidence is that during sleep the brain employs...

Monkey Minds Can Move Virtual Arms
2013-11-09 06:17:30

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online On more than one occasion, redOrbit has reported on work done at the Nicolelis laboratory at the Duke University School of Medicine. Neurobiology professor Miguel Nicolelis has pioneered the field of brain-machine interface (BMI). Previous breakthroughs have included enabling rats to “touch” infrared light and electronically connecting rat brains to create an organic computer. While these, in and of themselves, seem like really...

Clue To Regrowing Nerve Cells Identified
2013-11-07 12:54:44

Washington University School of Medicine Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a chain reaction that triggers the regrowth of some damaged nerve cell branches, a discovery that one day may help improve treatments for nerve injuries that can cause loss of sensation or paralysis. The scientists also showed that nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are missing a link in this chain reaction. The link, a protein called HDAC5, may help...

2013-11-06 23:31:24

MyErgoHealth, a leader in Custom Ergonomic solutions, has released the results of a 30-day case study focusing on the pain relieving benefits of their myErgoBed Customized Sleep Solution and 30 Day Coaching Program. Participants reported a significant improvement in sleep quality, a reduction in lower back pain, and less discomfort with the myErgoBed mattress than with their old bed. Dallas, TX (PRWEB) November 06, 2013 MyErgoHealth, the manufacturer of the myErgoBed Customized Sleep...

2013-11-05 10:51:33

A paper published in a special edition of the journal Science proposes a novel understanding of brain architecture using a network representation of connections within the primate cortex. Zoltán Toroczkai, professor of physics at the University of Notre Dame and co-director of the Interdisciplinary Center for Network Science and Applications, is a co-author of the paper "Cortical High-Density Counterstream Architectures." Using brain-wide and consistent tracer data, the researchers...


Latest Nervous system Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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