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Latest Neural development Stories

Neural Crest Hypothesis Could Explain Why Domestic Mammals Share Characteristic Traits
2014-07-14 03:02:44

Genetics Society of America More than 140 years ago, Charles Darwin noticed something peculiar about domesticated mammals. Compared to their wild ancestors, domestic species are more tame, and they also tend to display a suite of other characteristic features, including floppier ears, patches of white fur, and more juvenile faces with smaller jaws. Since Darwin's observations, the explanation for this pattern has proved elusive, but now, in a Perspectives article published in the journal...

2014-06-17 12:34:50

Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus New mouse model shows that APC regulates proteins critical for normal learning, memory, and behavior Autistic-like behaviors and decreased cognitive ability may be associated with disruption of the function of the Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene. When Tufts researchers deleted the gene from select neurons in the developing mouse brain, the mice showed reduced social behavior, increased repetitive behavior, and impaired learning and memory...

jellyfish ctenophore
2014-05-23 05:16:26

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from a massive international team of researchers has shown that there is more than one way to “make an animal,” which could completely reshape 200 years of zoological theory. The study focused on the genomic blueprints for 10 species of comb jellies, or ctenophores, and discovered that the simple animals developed complex organs, neurons, muscles and behaviors independently from sponges, previously thought to be the...

2014-05-16 08:25:39

LA JOLLA, Calif., May 16, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Mice crippled by an autoimmune disease similar to multiple sclerosis (MS) regained the ability to walk and run after a team of researchers led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), University of Utah and University of California (UC), Irvine implanted human stem cells into their injured spinal cords. Remarkably, the mice recovered even after their bodies rejected the human stem cells. "When we implanted the...

2014-04-11 10:16:28

To accommodate a lifetime of scents and aromas, mammals have hundreds of genes that each produce a different odorant receptor. The complex and diverse olfactory system they build remains adaptable, but a new study in the journal Science shows that the system's flexibility, or plasticity, has its limits. Working in mice, Brown University scientists found that the fundamental neural wiring map between the nose and the brain becomes established in a critical period of early development and then...

Brain's Inner Workings Revealed In Two New Nature Papers
2014-04-03 05:08:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online On the one-year anniversary of the formation of the BRAIN Initiative, researchers from the Allen Institute for Brain Science announced the publication of two new scientific papers: one detailing the creation of a high-resolution blueprint of a prenatal human mind, and another showing the wiring of a mouse brain. The 10 year, $100 million BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) initiative was launched...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

2013-12-03 13:59:23

The electrophysiological properties of potassium ion channels are regarded as a basic index for determining the functional differentiation of neural stem cells. A recent study published in the Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 8, No. 28, 2013) showed that the proliferating neural stem cells selected were capable of differentiating into neural cells, and the differentiation process was accompanied by the expression of potassium currents. After 2 weeks of differentiation and development, the...

Study Find Cells Brain Regions Affected By Autism Gene Mutations
2013-11-22 09:42:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from Yale University and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have pinpointed the types of cells and regions of the brain affected by the genetic mutations associated with autism. Their findings, which were reported in Thursday’s edition of the journal Cell, indicate that a common variety of neural circuits are affected by autism-risk genes. Furthermore, they determined how, when, where and in what...

2013-09-19 23:02:15

Activating a mother’s immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and damages the cells' ability to transmit signals and communicate with one another, researchers with the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Neurology have found. Sacramento, CA (PRWEB) September 19, 2013 Activating a mother’s immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and...


Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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