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Last updated on April 24, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Latest Neural development Stories

2014-04-11 10:16:28

To accommodate a lifetime of scents and aromas, mammals have hundreds of genes that each produce a different odorant receptor. The complex and diverse olfactory system they build remains adaptable, but a new study in the journal Science shows that the system's flexibility, or plasticity, has its limits. Working in mice, Brown University scientists found that the fundamental neural wiring map between the nose and the brain becomes established in a critical period of early development and then...

Brain's Inner Workings Revealed In Two New Nature Papers
2014-04-03 05:08:55

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online On the one-year anniversary of the formation of the BRAIN Initiative, researchers from the Allen Institute for Brain Science announced the publication of two new scientific papers: one detailing the creation of a high-resolution blueprint of a prenatal human mind, and another showing the wiring of a mouse brain. The 10 year, $100 million BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) initiative was launched...

Genetic Variation Linked To Intellectual Ability
2014-02-12 04:19:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Previous research studies have demonstrated that the thickness of the cerebral cortex, or “cortical thickness,” is closely related to intellectual ability, and a new study from scientists at King's College London has revealed a gene related to both cortical thickness and intelligence . Published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, the new study could help reveal the biological mechanisms behind some forms of intellectual...

2013-12-03 13:59:23

The electrophysiological properties of potassium ion channels are regarded as a basic index for determining the functional differentiation of neural stem cells. A recent study published in the Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 8, No. 28, 2013) showed that the proliferating neural stem cells selected were capable of differentiating into neural cells, and the differentiation process was accompanied by the expression of potassium currents. After 2 weeks of differentiation and development, the...

Study Find Cells Brain Regions Affected By Autism Gene Mutations
2013-11-22 09:42:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from Yale University and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have pinpointed the types of cells and regions of the brain affected by the genetic mutations associated with autism. Their findings, which were reported in Thursday’s edition of the journal Cell, indicate that a common variety of neural circuits are affected by autism-risk genes. Furthermore, they determined how, when, where and in what...

2013-09-19 23:02:15

Activating a mother’s immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and damages the cells' ability to transmit signals and communicate with one another, researchers with the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Neurology have found. Sacramento, CA (PRWEB) September 19, 2013 Activating a mother’s immune system during her pregnancy disrupts the development of neural cells in the brain of her offspring and...

2013-08-08 14:09:03

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have decoded an important molecular signal that guides the development of a key region of the brain known as the neocortex. The largest and most recently evolved region of the brain, the neocortex is particularly well developed in humans and is responsible for sensory processing, long-term memory, reasoning, complex muscle actions, consciousness and other functions. "The mammalian neocortex has a distinctive structure featuring six layers...

2013-06-27 12:45:55

A new study helps explain how parts of the brain maintain their delicate balance of zinc, an element required in minute but crucial doses, particularly during embryonic development. The study, led at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) by Mark Messerli in collaboration with scientists from the University of California, Davis, shows that neural cells require zinc uptake through a membrane transporter referred to as ZIP12.. If that route is closed, neuronal sprouting and growth are...

2013-06-25 10:59:01

Gene mutations that cause cell signaling networks to go awry during embryonic development and lead to major birth defects may also cause subtle disruptions in the brain that contribute to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, and bipolar disorder, according to new research by UC San Francisco scientists. Over the past several years, researchers in the laboratory of psychiatrist Benjamin Cheyette, MD, PhD, have shown that mice with mutations in a gene called Dact1 are born...

Stem Cells Down Syndrome Brain Development
2013-05-28 14:34:39

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online By reengineering skin cells from individuals with Down syndrome, scientists at the University of Wisconsin, Madison were able to learn how stem cells develop into dysfunctional brain cells when they contain an extra copy of chromosome 21, the genetic cause of the disorder. "Even though Down syndrome is very common, it's surprising how little we know about what goes wrong in the brain," said Anita Bhattacharyya, a stem cell researcher...