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Latest Neuroanatomy Stories

The Sleeping Brain Behaves As If It's Remembering Something
2012-10-08 07:17:17

UCLA researchers have for the first time measured the activity of a brain region known to be involved in learning, memory and Alzheimer's disease during sleep. They discovered that this part of the brain behaves as if it's remembering something, even under anesthesia, a finding that counters conventional theories about memory consolidation during sleep. The research team simultaneously measured the activity of single neurons from multiple parts of the brain involved in memory formation....

Bird Brains Help In Study Of The Mammalian Neocortex
2012-10-02 11:02:13

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Humans and other mammals have a seemingly unique part of the brain called the neocortex, which is a layered structure on the outer surface where higher-order processing is thought to occur. A new study from the University of Chicago found similar cells in the brains of birds, but in a vastly different anatomical structure. Confirming a 50-year hypothesis about the identity of a mysterious structure in the bird brain, the new study...

2012-09-19 16:45:40

Scientists have discovered the first direct evidence that a biological mechanism long suspected in epilepsy is capable of triggering the brain seizures — opening the door for studies to seek improved treatments or even preventative therapies. Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report Sept. 19 in Neuron that molecular disruptions in small neurons called granule cells — located in the dentate gyrus region of the brain — caused brain seizures in...

2012-09-08 23:00:02

The abstract submission titled “Clinical Results from a Multicenter Registry Study on the Use of Processed Nerve Allograft for Sensory, Mixed and Motor Nerve Repairs” was selected for an Outstanding award and poster display at AATB 2012 Annual Meeting. Alachua, FL (PRWEB) September 07, 2012 AxoGen Inc., Inc. (OTCBB: AXGN), a leader in the science and commercialization of surgical solutions for peripheral nerve repair, announced today that its submission titled “Clinical...

Sharper View Of Brain's Neural Network Offered By Novel Microscopy Method
2012-08-23 13:56:22

Shortly after the Hubble Space Telescope went into orbit in 1990 it was discovered that the craft had blurred vision. Fortunately, Space Shuttle astronauts were able to remedy the problem a few years later with supplemental optics. Now, a team of Italian researchers has performed a similar sight-correcting feat for a microscope imaging technique designed to explore a universe seemingly as vast as Hubble's but at the opposite end of the size spectrum–the neural pathways of the brain....

Code In Brain Key To Pronouncing Vowels, Could Help Speech Paralysis
2012-08-22 14:23:42

Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Loss of muscle functioning in the body. Difficulty transferring message from the brain to muscles. These are just a few traits of paralysis that scientists examined in terms of its relationship to speech. A recent study by University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Technion, Israel's Institute of Technology, researchers revealed a code in the brain that helps pronounce vowels. According to the researchers, human speech...

2012-08-21 23:17:11

Working with units of material so small that it would take 50,000 to make up one drop, scientists are developing the profiles of the contents of individual brain cells in a search for the root causes of chronic pain, memory loss and other maladies that affect millions of people. They described the latest results of this one-by-one exploration of cells or "neurons" from among the millions present in an animal brain at the 244th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical...

Different Areas Of The Brain Are Used For Thinking And Choosing
2012-08-21 14:31:55

Caltech researchers study over 300 lesion patients The frontal lobes are the largest part of the human brain, and thought to be the part that expanded most during human evolution. Damage to the frontal lobes–which are located just behind and above the eyes–can result in profound impairments in higher-level reasoning and decision making. To find out more about what different parts of the frontal lobes do, neuroscientists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech)...

2012-08-20 22:19:47

Research results reported in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience Amputation disrupts not only the peripheral nervous system but also central structures of the brain. While the brain is able to adapt and compensate for injury in certain conditions, in amputees the traumatic event prevents adaptive cortical changes. A group of scientists reports adaptive plastic changes in an amputee's brain following implantation of multielectrode arrays inside peripheral nerves. Their results are...


Latest Neuroanatomy Reference Libraries

Midbrain
2013-07-25 15:13:23

The midbrain, also known as the mesencephalon is the part of the brain most responsible for vision, motor control, arousal, temperature regulation, alertness and hearing. Formation and Orientation The midbrain is found under the cerebral cortex and above the hindbrain. The mesencephalon is not divided into any other portions of the brain unlike the other two vesicles that stem from the neural tube. There are four separate lobes on the side of the cerebral aqueduct within the...

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.