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Latest Neurobiology Stories

2013-04-18 23:27:49

High-powered microscopes open a live look at a process where mutations lead to autism and other diseases Using spinning disk microscopy on barely day-old zebra fish embryos, University of Oregon scientists have gained a new window on how synapse-building components move to worksites in the central nervous system. What researchers captured in these see-through embryos -- in what may be one of the first views of early glutamate-driven synapse formation in a living vertebrate -- were...

Origins Of Our Smell Cells Pinpointed By Scientists
2013-03-26 08:09:14

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Biologists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have identified the origin of olfactory nerve cells, finding that neural-crest stem cells — multipotent, migratory cells unique to vertebrates that give rise to many structures in the body — play a key role in building olfactory sensory neurons in the nose. When human noses detect a scent, two types of sensory neurons are at work. These neurons are...

Scientists Find Specific Human Brain Cells That Make Mice Smarter
2013-03-08 12:33:26

WATCH VIDEO: [Forebrain Engraftment In Mice] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A group of non-neural cells found in the human central nervous system may be more essential to the complexity of our brains than previously believed, according to new research published in Thursday´s edition of the journal Cell Stem Cell. A team led by Steven A. Goldman and Maiken Nedergaard of the University of Rochester Medical Center´s (URMC) Center for Translational...

Genes Linked To Human Neurological Disorders Found In Sea Lamprey Genome
2013-02-26 09:43:10

Marine Biological Laboratory [ Watch The Video Spinal Cord Regerenation In Sea Lamprey ] Discovery will accelerate research on Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have identified several genes linked to human neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, in the sea lamprey, a vertebrate fish whose whole-genome sequence is reported this week in the...

2013-01-23 11:05:37

Tufts neuroscientists find that starry brain cells can be used to mimic sleep deprivation Neuroscience researchers from Tufts University have found that our star-shaped brain cells, called astrocytes, may be responsible for the rapid improvement in mood in depressed patients after acute sleep deprivation. This in vivo study, published in the current issue of Translational Psychiatry, identified how astrocytes regulate a neurotransmitter involved in sleep. The researchers report that the...

2013-01-01 10:47:31

Jackson Laboratory researchers led by Associate Professor Zhong-wei Zhang, Ph.D., have provided direct evidence that a specific neurotransmitter receptor is vital to the process of pruning synapses in the brains of newborn mammals. Faulty pruning at this early developmental stage is implicated in autism-spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. The definitive evidence for N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in pruning has eluded researchers until now, but in research published in the...

Severed Nerves Guided Back To Health With Hybrid Tunnel
2012-12-17 16:55:26

Penn State Building a tunnel made up of both hard and soft materials to guide the reconnection of severed nerve endings may be the first step toward helping patients who have suffered extensive nerve trauma regain feeling and movement, according to a team of biomedical engineers. "Nerve injury in both central nervous system and peripheral nervous system is a major health problem," said Mohammad Reza Abidian, assistant professor of biomedical engineering, Penn State. "According to the...


Latest Neurobiology Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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