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Latest Neuron Stories

2014-07-30 10:23:14

Salk Institute Salk scientists show that the little-known supportive cells are vital in cognitive function When you're expecting something—like the meal you've ordered at a restaurant—or when something captures your interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain. These waves are called gamma oscillations and they reflect a symphony of cells—both excitatory and inhibitory—playing together in an orchestrated way. Though their role has been debated, gamma waves...

2014-07-28 12:57:00

Emory University An experimental anti-inflammatory drug can protect vulnerable neurons and reduce motor deficits in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have shown. The results were published Thursday, July 24 in the Journal of Parkinson’s Disease. The findings demonstrate that the drug, called XPro1595, can reach the brain at sufficient levels and have beneficial effects when administered by subcutaneous injection, like an...

2014-07-21 09:52:36

Washington University in St. Louis New research provides an intriguing glimpse into the processes that establish connections between nerve cells in the brain. These connections, or synapses, allow nerve cells to transmit and process information involved in thinking and moving the body. Reporting online in Neuron, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a group of proteins that program a common type of brain nerve cell to connect with another...

2014-07-16 12:42:09

University of North Carolina Health Care UNC researchers lay the groundwork for a new approach to brain cancer treatments and a better understanding of Parkinson's disease Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have discovered that the protein PARC/CUL9 helps neurons and brain cancer cells override the biochemical mechanisms that lead to cell death in most other cells. In neurons, long-term survival allows for proper brain function as we age. In brain cancer cells, though, long-term...

2014-07-15 23:03:14

A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can account for whether animals are behaviorally susceptible to brain injury. These results could have implications for the treatment of brain trauma. (PRWEB) July 15, 2014 A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can...

Reversing Brain Damage In Parkinson's Disease With Cinnamon
2014-07-10 14:41:06

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A new study from Rush University Medical Center has found that cinnamon can reverse brain damage in mice caused by Parkinson’s disease. This common food spice effectively treats biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes in the brain. “Cinnamon has been used widely as a spice throughout the world for centuries,” said Kalipada Pahan, PhD, study lead researcher and the Floyd A. Davis professor of neurology at Rush....

Solving 100-year Mystery Of How Birds Sense Light
2014-07-09 03:18:09

Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM), Nagoya University Professor Takashi Yoshimura and colleagues of the Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (WPI-ITbM) of Nagoya University have finally found the missing piece in how birds sense light by identifying a deep brain photoreceptor in Japanese quails, in which the receptor directly responds to light and controls seasonal breeding activity. Although it has been known for over 100 years that vertebrates apart from mammals...

Explaining Brain Circuitry By Dodging Dots
2014-07-09 03:49:18

Brown University A neuroscience study provides new insight into the primal brain circuits involved in collision avoidance, and perhaps a more general model of how neurons can participate in networks to process information and act on it. In the study, Brown University neuroscientists tracked the cell-by-cell progress of neural signals from the eyes through the brains of tadpoles as they saw and reacted to stimuli including an apparently approaching black circle. In so doing, the...

2014-07-08 12:28:10

DUBLIN, July 8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/24nt73/global) has announced the addition of the "Global Alzheimer's Drugs Market 2014-2018" report to their offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, irreversible degeneration of the brain that disrupts the thinking, language, behavioral and cognitive skills of a person. AD is more prevalent in people aged 65 years or above and...

Genetically Driven Gut Feelings Help Female Fruit Flies During Courtship And Mating
2014-07-03 03:15:27

Cell Press What are the complex processes in the brain involved with choosing a mate, and are these processes different in females versus males? It's difficult to study such questions in people, but researchers are finding clues in fruit flies that might be relevant to humans and other animals. Three different studies on the topic are being published in the Cell Press journals Neuron (1) (2) and Current Biology. Work over the past 100 years has largely focused on the overt courtship...


Latest Neuron Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
drawcansir
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.
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