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Latest Neuron Stories

2014-07-15 23:03:14

A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can account for whether animals are behaviorally susceptible to brain injury. These results could have implications for the treatment of brain trauma. (PRWEB) July 15, 2014 A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can...

Reversing Brain Damage In Parkinson's Disease With Cinnamon
2014-07-10 14:41:06

Rebekah Eliason for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A new study from Rush University Medical Center has found that cinnamon can reverse brain damage in mice caused by Parkinson’s disease. This common food spice effectively treats biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes in the brain. “Cinnamon has been used widely as a spice throughout the world for centuries,” said Kalipada Pahan, PhD, study lead researcher and the Floyd A. Davis professor of neurology at Rush....

Solving 100-year Mystery Of How Birds Sense Light
2014-07-09 03:18:09

Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM), Nagoya University Professor Takashi Yoshimura and colleagues of the Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (WPI-ITbM) of Nagoya University have finally found the missing piece in how birds sense light by identifying a deep brain photoreceptor in Japanese quails, in which the receptor directly responds to light and controls seasonal breeding activity. Although it has been known for over 100 years that vertebrates apart from mammals...

Explaining Brain Circuitry By Dodging Dots
2014-07-09 03:49:18

Brown University A neuroscience study provides new insight into the primal brain circuits involved in collision avoidance, and perhaps a more general model of how neurons can participate in networks to process information and act on it. In the study, Brown University neuroscientists tracked the cell-by-cell progress of neural signals from the eyes through the brains of tadpoles as they saw and reacted to stimuli including an apparently approaching black circle. In so doing, the...

2014-07-08 12:28:10

DUBLIN, July 8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/24nt73/global) has announced the addition of the "Global Alzheimer's Drugs Market 2014-2018" report to their offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, irreversible degeneration of the brain that disrupts the thinking, language, behavioral and cognitive skills of a person. AD is more prevalent in people aged 65 years or above and...

Genetically Driven Gut Feelings Help Female Fruit Flies During Courtship And Mating
2014-07-03 03:15:27

Cell Press What are the complex processes in the brain involved with choosing a mate, and are these processes different in females versus males? It's difficult to study such questions in people, but researchers are finding clues in fruit flies that might be relevant to humans and other animals. Three different studies on the topic are being published in the Cell Press journals Neuron (1) (2) and Current Biology. Work over the past 100 years has largely focused on the overt courtship...

2014-06-30 14:58:42

Duke University New technique could show transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) treating depression and other disorders Engineers and neuroscientists at Duke University have developed a method to measure the response of an individual neuron to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the brain. The advance will help researchers understand the underlying physiological effects of TMS -- a procedure used to treat psychiatric disorders -- and optimize its use as a therapeutic treatment....

2014-06-30 08:31:42

GERMANTOWN, Md., June 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Neuralstem, Inc. (NYSE MKT: CUR) reports that its shares have been added to the broad-market Russell 3000(®) Index. Annual reconstitution of Russell's U.S. indexes captures the 4,000 largest U.S. stocks as of the end of May, ranking them by total market capitalization. Membership in the Russell 3000, which remains in place for one year, means automatic inclusion in the large-cap Russell 1000(®) Index or small-cap Russell 2000(®) Index...

2014-06-29 12:21:03

WASHINGTON, June 29, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- In work supported by The ALS Association, researchers have shown that increasing the clearance of misfolded protein from neurons improves their survival. The study was published today in the journal Nature Chemical Biology. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20131211/MM32178LOGO ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects motor neurons (nerve...

2014-06-25 10:21:35

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory There are new clues about malfunctions in brain cells that contribute to intellectual disability and possibly other developmental brain disorders. Professor Linda Van Aelst of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has been scrutinizing how the normal version of a protein called OPHN1 helps enable excitatory nerve transmission in the brain, particularly at nerve-cell docking ports containing AMPA receptors (AMPARs). Her team's new work, published June 24 in...


Latest Neuron Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.