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Latest Neuron Stories

2014-06-25 10:21:35

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory There are new clues about malfunctions in brain cells that contribute to intellectual disability and possibly other developmental brain disorders. Professor Linda Van Aelst of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has been scrutinizing how the normal version of a protein called OPHN1 helps enable excitatory nerve transmission in the brain, particularly at nerve-cell docking ports containing AMPA receptors (AMPARs). Her team's new work, published June 24 in...

Specific Mechanisms Of Alzheimer’s Disease Countered By Cocoa Extract
2014-06-24 03:38:45

Mount Sinai Hospital Insights into mechanisms behind cocoa’s benefit may lead to new treatments or dietary regimens A specific preparation of cocoa-extract called Lavado may reduce damage to nerve pathways seen in Alzheimer’s disease patients’ brains long before they develop symptoms, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published June 20 in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease (JAD). Specifically, the study results, using mice...

2014-06-24 10:39:41

Washington University in St. Louis Researchers believe they have learned how mutations in the gene that causes Huntington’s disease kill brain cells, a finding that could open new opportunities for treating the fatal disorder. Scientists first linked the gene to the inherited disease more than 20 years ago. Huntington’s disease affects five to seven people out of every 100,000. Symptoms, which typically begin in middle age, include involuntary jerking movements, disrupted...

2014-06-23 09:44:21

University of California - San Diego Researchers discover how neurons equalize between excitation and inhibition Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a fundamental mechanism by which the brain maintains its internal balance. The mechanism, described in the June 22 advanced online publication of the journal Nature, involves the brain's most basic inner wiring and the processes that control whether a neuron relays information to other...

Humans, Monkeys Share Same Neural Processes In Decision Making
2014-06-20 12:02:11

Alan McStravick for redorbit.com - Your Universe online The many similarities between humans and monkeys got another addition recently. It appears a new study by researchers from New York University (NYU) and Stanford University (SU) has pitted their monkey results against a 2009 study of human decision making and found both humans and monkeys experience the same neural processes when changing their minds during the decision making process. The study results were recently published in the...

2014-06-18 12:18:46

Journal of Clinical Investigation Parkinson's disease, which affects millions worldwide, results from neuron loss. Transplantation of fetal tissue to restore this loss has shown promise, but ethical concerns over acquiring this tissue limit its use. In a June 17 study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Vania Broccoli and others at the San Raffaele Scientific Institute converted fibroblasts into neurons and engrafted them into the brains of rodents with parkinsonism. The cells...

2014-06-18 09:40:02

University of California - San Diego Old drug used for sleeping sickness may point to new treatment in humans In a further test of a novel theory that suggests autism is the consequence of abnormal cell communication, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that an almost century-old drug approved for treating sleeping sickness also restores normal cellular signaling in a mouse model of autism, reversing symptoms of the neurological disorder in...

2014-06-17 10:58:53

University of California - San Diego Some neurons turn to neighbors to help take out the trash It's broadly assumed that cells degrade and recycle their own old or damaged organelles, but researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Kennedy Krieger Institute have discovered that some neurons transfer unwanted mitochondria – the tiny power plants inside cells – to supporting glial cells called astrocytes...

2014-06-11 23:11:43

The article published in AIMS Neuroscience explains how cortical microcircuitry is conducive to column formation. The column is the information bit proposed in the Dimensional Systems Model as the basis for learning and memory. Greenville, SC (PRWEB) June 11, 2014 Clinical neuropsychologist Robert A. Moss, Ph.D., FACPN, FAACP, and cognitive psychologist Jarrod Moss, Ph.D., are the authors of an article on cortical columns in the explanation of gamma-band synchrony and NMDA receptors in...

fruit fly escape
2014-06-10 08:57:04

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The flight of a fruit fly, as determined by a recent study, is dependent upon whether or not the fly perceives a threat. Scientists at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Research Campus have successfully discovered the brain processes engaged in standard flight and the more rapid escape flight. A quick-escape circuit in the fly's brain overrides the slower, more controlled behavior as a threat looms large over the...


Latest Neuron Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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