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Latest Neuron Stories

Fruit Flies Take Time To Think Before Making Difficult Decisions
2014-05-23 06:58:38

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online It is common knowledge that most humans think before they act. A new study, published in the journal Science, makes the case that this cognitive ability can also be found in the fruit fly, and it seems these tiny insects take longer to make more difficult decisions, just like humans do. In the study, researchers from the University of Oxford's Centre for Circuits and Behaviour asked fruit flies to distinguish between ever closer...

jellyfish ctenophore
2014-05-23 05:16:26

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from a massive international team of researchers has shown that there is more than one way to “make an animal,” which could completely reshape 200 years of zoological theory. The study focused on the genomic blueprints for 10 species of comb jellies, or ctenophores, and discovered that the simple animals developed complex organs, neurons, muscles and behaviors independently from sponges, previously thought to be the...

2014-05-22 10:32:28

University of Cambridge A new method of generating mature nerve cells from skin cells could greatly enhance understanding of neurodegenerative diseases, and could accelerate the development of new drugs and stem cell-based regenerative medicine. The nerve cells generated by this new method show the same functional characteristics as the mature cells found in the body, making them much better models for the study of age-related diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, and for the...

2014-05-22 08:31:13

--Research Includes Stem Cells, Imaging and Exercise for Cognition-- MIAMI, May 22, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The National Parkinson Foundation (NPF) announced today that it has funded four new grants in Parkinson's disease (PD) research. The four grants target key scientific questions about how Parkinson's develops and how to optimize treatment. "NPF is propelling the most potentially transformative research forward," said Joyce Oberdorf, NPF's President and CEO. "This...

2014-05-21 13:49:42

UNC Health Care Researchers led by Mark Zylka, PhD, also found a compound that could become a new treatment for conditions such as arthritis, shingles, and back pain. Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have found a new target for treating chronic pain: an enzyme called PIP5K1C. In a paper published today in the journal Neuron, a team of researchers led by Mark Zylka, PhD, Associate Professor of Cell Biology and Physiology, shows that PIP5K1C controls the activity of cellular...

2014-05-21 13:47:49

Brandeis University A new model to understand neural self-regulation When your car needs a new spark plug, you take it to a shop where it sits, out of commission, until the repair is finished. But what if your car could replace its own spark plug while speeding down the Mass Pike? Of course, cars can't do that, but our nervous system does the equivalent, rebuilding itself continually while maintaining full function. Neurons live for many years but their components, the proteins...

Neural Activity Of Living Brains Captured Using Novel 3D Video
2014-05-19 15:02:45

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers at MIT and the University of Vienna in Austria have devised an imaging method that shows neural action throughout the minds of living creatures. This technique, the very first that can create 3D videos of complete brains with the millisecond timescale, could help professionals understand how neuronal networks absorb sensory data and produce behavior, according to a new report published in the journal Nature Methods....

2014-05-16 08:27:03

/PRNewswire/ -- Neuralstem, Inc. (NYSE MKT: CUR) CEO and President, Richard Garr, will present at the World Stem Cells & Regenerative Medicine Congress, on Thursday, May 22, at 11:35 a.m. BST in London, UK (http://www.terrapinn.com/conference/stem-cells/index.stm). Neuralstem is currently in a Phase II clinical trial to treat ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease) with its NSI-566 stem cells and has been approved to commence a Phase I study in spinal cord...

2014-05-16 08:25:39

LA JOLLA, Calif., May 16, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Mice crippled by an autoimmune disease similar to multiple sclerosis (MS) regained the ability to walk and run after a team of researchers led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), University of Utah and University of California (UC), Irvine implanted human stem cells into their injured spinal cords. Remarkably, the mice recovered even after their bodies rejected the human stem cells. "When we implanted the...

New Cellular Study Indicates Schizophrenia Begins In The Womb
2014-05-14 10:13:48

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from a large team of American researchers has revealed evidence that schizophrenia may originate during fetal development in the womb. For the study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, researchers analyzed neurons grown in the laboratory from the skin cells of individuals with schizophrenia. The study team noted in its report that these neurons behaved strangely and a similar type of neuronal development in the...


Latest Neuron Reference Libraries

Brain
2013-03-05 13:54:00

Formation and Orientation The development of the brain is broken down into stages. The basic evolution begins in the third week of the embryonic process where the neural plate is formed. By week four, the neural plate has developed into the neural tube. The anterior part of the tube, the telencephalon, grows rapidly as it prepares to later give way to the brain. As time goes on, cells begin to classify themselves as either neurons or glial cells, thus determining their functions. Glial...

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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