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Latest Neuropeptides Stories

9c69c80b48595069d74c4a36d4ffe7d41
2010-06-21 08:25:00

The "hunger" hormone ghrelin, which acts in the brain to stimulate hunger and increase food intake, heightens the appeal of high-calorie foods over low-calorie foods, according to a study that will be presented Tuesday at The Endocrine Society's 92nd Annual Meeting in San Diego. "It raises the possibility that drugs that block the action of ghrelin may help reduce cravings for high-calorie foods and so help people lose weight," said lead author Tony Goldstone, MD, PhD, a consultant...

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2010-05-21 08:24:30

Biologists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and Yale University have identified two genes, the leucokinin neuropeptide and the leucokinin receptor, that appear to regulate meal sizes and frequency in fruit flies. Both genes have mammalian counterparts that seem to play a similar role in food intake, indicating that the steps that control meal size and meal frequency are not just behaviorally similar but are controlled by the same genes throughout the animal kingdom. A...

2010-05-13 10:00:00

SEATTLE, May 13 /PRNewswire/ -- A new, homeopathic treatment for autism, Respen-A, improves symptoms of autism associated with communication, speech, emotion and bonding, according to the researcher who created Respen-A, Elaine DeLack, RN. DeLack will present her scientific theory at the annual Autism-One Conference on Friday morning, May 28th, at 10:30AM in auditorium "Director A/B." DeLack and other Respen-A representatives will also provide information about the new compound at their...

2010-05-12 08:58:06

"Reach out and touch someone" "” good advertising slogan, or evolutionary imperative? How about both? What Madison Avenue knew decades ago has been observed in brain chemistry. A simple phone call from mom can calm frayed nerves by sparking the release of a powerful stress-quelling hormone, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Biological anthropologist Leslie Seltzer tested a group of seven- to 12-year-old girls with an impromptu speech and series of math...

2010-04-29 14:40:27

The neuropeptide oxytocin makes it easier to feel for other people 48 healthy males participated in the experiment. Half received an oxytocin nose spray at the start of the experiment, the other half a placebo. The researchers then showed their test subjects photos of emotionally charged situations in the form of a crying child, a girl hugging her cat, and a grieving man. The test subjects were then invited to express the depth of feeling they experienced for the persons shown. In summary,...

2010-03-31 13:10:00

In gastric cancer patients who have had part or all of their stomach removed, the hormone ghrelin may lessen post-operative weight loss and improve appetite, according to a new study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute. "It is our obligation to invent novel procedures to minimize the side effects of gastrectomy. Our study provides convincing data for the beneficial effects of ghrelin "” the only gastrointestinal...

2010-03-24 07:00:00

SAN DIEGO, March 24, 2010 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Arena Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ARNA) announced today the initiation of patient screening in a Phase 1 clinical trial of APD916, a novel oral drug candidate discovered by Arena that targets the histamine H3 receptor for the treatment of narcolepsy and cataplexy. "There is a need for better tolerated, more effective therapies for narcolepsy, especially narcolepsy with cataplexy," said William R. Shanahan, M.D., Arena's Vice President...

2010-03-16 14:31:04

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have discovered that injecting a simple hormone into leeches creates a novel way to study how hormones and the nervous system work together to produce species-specific reproductive behavior. A paper describing the work appears in the March 11 online edition of the journal Current Biology. Daniel Wagenaar, Broad Senior Research Fellow in Brain Circuitry at Caltech and first author...

2010-02-24 14:35:00

Scientists have pinpointed how a key hormone helps animals to recognize others by their smell Researchers at the University of Edinburgh have shown that the hormone vasopressin helps the brain differentiate between familiar and new scents. The study, published in the journal Nature, suggests that when the hormone fails to function, animals are unable to recognise other individuals from their scent. The ability to recognise others by smell is crucial in helping animals to establish strong...

2009-12-28 13:21:43

The premise that hunger makes food look more appealing is a widely held belief "“ just ask those who cruise grocery store aisles on an empty stomach, only to go home with a full basket and an empty wallet. Prior research studies have suggested that the so-called hunger hormone ghrelin, which the body produces when it's hungry, might act on the brain to trigger this behavior. New research in mice by UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists suggest that ghrelin might also work in the...


Latest Neuropeptides Reference Libraries

69_25ca82414f9e3d4dc58f4e0304b9dfb5
2011-04-28 17:02:45

Labor Induction is a process of giving an artificial start to birth with medical intervention or other methods. When an induction is not performed for emergency or other medical reasons, the method is considered an elective process. The decision to induce labor has increased in recent years due to its convenience or because it easily accommodates busy schedules. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, however, say that labor should only be induced when it is more risky...

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