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Latest Neuroplasticity Stories

2011-06-21 08:00:00

SAN FRANCISCO, June 21, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Brain Plasticity Inc. (BPI), a technology incubator dedicated to the discovery and development of novel technologies that harness the basic principles of brain plasticity to improve the lives of people with neurological and psychiatric disorders, was recently awarded a $2 million grant from the United States Department of Defense. The grant will fund a two-year clinical trial of an internet-based program designed to improve cognitive function...

2011-06-13 15:37:21

    * Hippocampus adapts to environmental stresses    * Stockpiles neuronal stem cells under deprived conditions, produces more neurons under favorable conditions    * Knowledge of how neural stem cells produce neurons could lead to potential treatment for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Scientists have known for years that neurogenesis takes place throughout adulthood in the hippocampus of the mammalian brain. Now...

2011-05-25 14:34:44

Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have published new data on why the aging brain is less resilient and less capable of learning from life experiences. The findings provide further insight into the cognitive decline associated with aging and neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's. The study is published in the May 25 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. The Mount Sinai team evaluated the prefrontal cortex"”the part of the brain that controls a wide range of cognitive...

2011-05-11 01:02:54

The part of the brain that uses hearing to determine sound location is reorganized in deaf animals to locate visual targets, according to a new study by a team of researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University and the University of Western Ontario in Canada. These findings propose a new theory for cross-modal plasticity: loss of one sensory modality is substituted by another while maintaining the original function of the brain region. It is known that persons who have suffered major...

2011-05-05 07:30:17

(Ivanhoe Newswire) -- New research from the University of Chicago Medical Center has given new insight into just what makes cocaine and nicotine so addictive. According to the research, the effects of nicotine on the regions of the brain associated with addiction are similar to those of cocaine"”both create lasting changes in a person's brain by affecting similar mechanisms of memory on first contact. Scientists have already established that learning and memory are connected to one...

2011-04-29 12:02:38

The brain is apparently programmed from birth to develop the ability to determine sunrise and sunset, new research on circadian rhythms at the University of Chicago shows. The research sheds new light on brain plasticity and may explain some basic human behaviors, according to Brian Prendergast, associate professor in psychology at the University of Chicago and co-author of a paper published April 27 in the journal PLoS One. The lead author is August Kampf-Lassin, an advanced graduate student...

2011-04-12 14:49:24

Repeated ethanol exposure enhances synaptic plasticity in a key area in the brain Drinking alcohol primes certain areas of our brain to learn and remember better, says a new study from the Waggoner Center for Alcohol and Addiction Research at The University of Texas at Austin. The common view that drinking is bad for learning and memory isn't wrong, says neurobiologist Hitoshi Morikawa, but it highlights only one side of what ethanol consumption does to the brain. "Usually, when we talk about...

2011-04-07 18:54:40

New research shows using virtual reality games for treatment in stroke survivors increases upper-arm motor function Virtual reality and other video games can significantly improve motor function in stroke patients, according to research from St. Michael's Hospital. Patients who played video games, such as Wii and Playstation, were up to five times more likely to show improvements in arm motor function compared to those who had standard therapy. "Virtual reality gaming is a promising and...

2011-03-23 20:39:46

It is well established that environmental enrichment, providing animals with rich sensory, motor, and social stimulation, produces both dramatic increases in the number of synapses in the brain and enhanced learning. However, causal relationships between synapse formation and improved memory have not been definitively established. Now, a new study published by Cell Press in the March 24 issue of the journal Neuron introduces a valuable model system for investigating the role of synapse...

2011-03-23 15:25:01

The human brain loses 5 to 10% of its weight between the ages of 20 and 90 years old. While some cells are lost, the brain is equipped with two compensatory mechanisms: plasticity and redundancy. Based on the results of her most recent clinical study published today in the online version of Brain: A Journal of Neurology, Dr. Sylvie Belleville, PhD in neuropsychology, the principal author of this study and Director of Research at the Institut universitaire de g©riatrie de Montr©al...


Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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