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Latest Neutrino Stories

2013-07-19 16:03:30

International research including the UK and Japan has confirmed that subatomic particles called neutrinos have a new form of identity-shifting property. Announced today (19 July 2013) these results could one day help scientists explain why the universe contains matter but very little antimatter. The findings are further confirmation from the T2K neutrino experiment in Japan of neutrinos changing between different types, or oscillating, in a new way. Dr Alfons Weber, Professor of Physics...

Computer Simulations Shed New Light On Neutron Star Formation
2013-06-28 04:30:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have, for the first time, created three-dimensional computer models in order to study the formation of neutron stars at the center of collapsing stars, officials from the German research center announced earlier this week. By creating what they call the most expensive and elaborate computer simulations of the process to date, the team of investigators confirmed,...

Extragalactic Ankle And Galactic Knee
2013-06-03 17:42:35

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE-Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) that the so-called “knee” of the cosmic rays, a bend in the energy spectrum at high energies, is located at different energies for light and heavy particles. As regards light particles, the scientists have now found that the energy spectrum flattens again beyond the knee and forms a type of “ankle”. This structure indicates...

2012-12-28 15:20:24

By showing that tiny particles injected into a liquid crystal medium adhere to existing mathematical theorems, physicists at the University of Colorado Boulder have opened the door for the creation of a host of new materials with properties that do not exist in nature. The findings show that researchers can create a "recipe book" to build new materials of sorts using topology, a major mathematical field that describes the properties that do not change when an object is stretched, bent or...

Dark Matter Detector Gets Helping Hand From Livermore Team
2012-11-16 05:58:38

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a mile underground beneath the Black Hills of South Dakota, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) are using a tank to make key contributions to a physics experiment that will look for one of nature's most elusive particles, "dark matter." The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment located at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, SD is the most sensitive detector of its kind to look for...

Cosmic Rays To Be Studied By University Of Utah
2012-09-26 12:06:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The University of Utah has plans to build a new observatory facility to study high energy cosmic rays, thanks to a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation. These cosmic rays, which are 10 trillion times more energetic than particles emitted during a nuclear explosion, originate from violent cosmic events deep within the universe and hurtle their way towards Earth. The grant will allow a team of researchers to develop a new...

Predicting Solar Storms
2012-08-14 15:05:57

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Predicting solar flares still remains a hit-or-miss task for scientists, but new research may shed more light on helping to predict just when the events could occur. Researchers discovered a new method to predict solar flares more than a day before they occur, which could help provide advanced warnings to protect satellites, power grids and astronauts. As the sun transitions into "solar maximum" next year, more solar activity is...

In Neutrino-less Double-beta Decay Search
2012-07-19 11:32:15

Pocar, Kumar and the team of 60 scientists using an instrument called the EXO-200 detector, succeeded in setting a new lower limit for the half-life of this ephemeral nuclear decay; though no one has yet seen it, important progress was made Physicists Andrea Pocar and Krishna Kumar of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, part of an international research team, recently reported results of an experiment conducted at the Enriched Xenon Observatory (EXO), located in a salt mine one-half...

Looking Into The Heart Of A Supernova
2012-07-12 21:01:00

Caltech simulation points out how to detect a rapidly spinning stellar core Each century, about two massive stars in our own galaxy explode, producing magnificent supernovae. These stellar explosions send fundamental, uncharged particles called neutrinos streaming our way and generate ripples called gravitational waves in the fabric of space-time. Scientists are waiting for the neutrinos and gravitational waves from about 1000 supernovae that have already exploded at distant locations in...

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2012-07-10 11:36:52

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists will be using IceCube, the world's largest telescope buried under the South Pole, to hunt for neutrinos. IceCube is bigger than the Empire State building, the Chicago Sears Tower and Shanghai's World Financial Center combined, taking a total of 10 years to build. The telescope is designed to help scientists understand the mysterious tiny particles known as neutrinos. These particles are emitted by exploding stars and move...


Latest Neutrino Reference Libraries

45_cdbc4d69ba819105e29a44f507ff8e90
2009-05-14 17:51:56

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a neutrino telescope that is currently being built at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. IceCube is being constructed in deep Antarctic ice by deploying thousands of PMTs (photomultiplier tubes) at depths of 4750 to 8000 feet. These spherical optical sensors are deployed on strings of sixty modules each, into holes melted by hot water drilling. Since 2005, 59 strings have been deployed and installation is expected to be complete by 2011. The strings are...

7_58175f5465a1e9a63adec3509c888ff12
2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

4_ca2a430d92c0a654eab512344edfa0dd2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Radiation -- Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun due to nuclear fusion reactions. Fusion is the process whereby stars produce huge quantities of energy from the fusion of hydrogen or helium, in one of the most efficient processes of energy generation. The radiation referred to is usually electromagnetic energy, particularly infrared radiation, visible light, and ultraviolet. Some stars are known to emit radiation of other wavelengths. Solar neutrinos are a...

3_7495dfc8b5d352a0e92e372fcac2cea62
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Supernova 1987a -- Supernova 1987a was a supernova in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a nearby dwarf galaxy. It occurred approximately 50 kiloparsecs from Earth, the closest supernova since Supernova 1604, which occurred in the Milky Way itself. The light from the supernova reached Earth on February 23, 1987. Its brightness peaked in May with a magnitude of about 3 and slowly declined in the following months. It was modern astronomers' first opportunity to see a supernova up close....

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2004-10-19 04:45:40

Sudbury Neutrino Observatory -- The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) is taking data that has provided revolutionary insight into the properties of neutrinos and the core of the sun. The detector, shown in the artist's conception below, was built 6800 feet under ground, in INCO's Creighton mine near Sudbury, Ontario. SNO is a heavy-water Cherenkov detector that is designed to detect neutrinos produced by fusion reactions in the sun. It uses 1000 tonnes of heavy water, on loan from...

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