Latest Neutron star Stories

Former Missile Tracking Telescope Tracks Evolution Of Crab Pulsar
2013-10-31 16:31:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A former missile tracking telescope has helped astronomers determine how the magnetic field structure and rotation of a young and rapidly rotating Crab pulsar evolves. Scientists wrote in the journal Science about a 22-year experiment that involved observing a steady change in the flashes of the Crab pulsar. This highly-compact star emits beams of radio waves that produce flashes each time it rotates, which occurs about 30 times a...

Shaping A Blooming Star
2013-09-27 10:36:32

[ Watch The Video: CSIRO’s Australia Telescope Compact Array ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many objects in the Universe contain jets – intense magnetic fields twisted around their axes, ejecting plasma into the Cosmos. In general, however, these objects tend to be powerful, exotic entities such as black holes and neutron stars. Or, at the other end of the spectrum, forming stars – called proto-stars – can form such jet structures as well, but on...

Jekyll And Hyde Pulsar Has A Split Personality
2013-09-26 04:31:06

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] Scientists writing in the journal Nature say they have discovered a millisecond pulsar with a dual identity. The team used NASA's Swift and Chandra X-ray Observatory to find a pulsar that readily shifts back and forth between two mutually exclusive styles of pulsed emission, including one in X-rays and another in radio. Scientists say this discovery represents an...

Magnetic Jets Stars Final Transformation
2013-09-17 12:37:48

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In general, main sequence stars die in one of two ways: high mass stars, those several times larger than our Sun, will explode in brilliant supernovae, leaving behind a shock remnant with a dense neutron star or black hole at its center. Lower mass stars like our Sun will transition into a planetary nebula. The outer envelope of the star is expressed into the interstellar medium, and the star’s gravity relinquishes its grip....

New Pulsars Discovered In Archival Data
2013-08-29 08:25:39

AlphaGalileo Foundation Einstein@Home discovers 24 new pulsars in archival data. The combined computing power of 200,000 private PCs helps astronomers take an inventory of the Milky Way. The Einstein@Home project connects home and office PCs of volunteers from around the world to a global supercomputer. Using this computer cloud, an international team lead by scientists from the Max Planck Institutes for Gravitational Physics and for Radio Astronomy analyzed archival data from the CSIRO...

Odd Magnetar Has A Very Strong Magnetic Field
2013-08-15 04:36:30

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An odd type of neutron star located approximately 6,500 light years from Earth has one of the strongest magnetic fields in the universe – despite previous suggestions it possessed an unusually low magnetic field. Using the European Space Agency’s (ESA) XMM-Newton space telescope, a team of astronomers studied the object, a magnetar known as SGR 0418+5729 (SGR 0418). This dense and compact object, which is the dead core of a...

The Largest Magnetic Fields In The Universe
2013-07-29 04:11:34

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are thought to be the most powerful, energetic events in the Universe. They can release as much energy in one second as an entire galaxy expels in an entire year. But while astronomers have some solid theories on what drives these events, many of the details are still widely debated. One of the complicating matters comes from the fact GRBs appear to fall into two separate classes: long and short burst...

I Love Q Formula Insights Into Universe
2013-07-26 11:51:21

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Without understanding the internal structure in detail, it is still possible for scientists to learn a tremendous amount about neutron stars and quark stars, according to a new study from researchers at Montana State University. "The stars could be the softest or the hardest in their kind, and it wouldn't matter," said Nico Yunes, assistant professor in MSU's Department of Physics. Yunes and his colleague, postdoctoral scholar Kent...

Gold Created By Colliding Stars
2013-07-18 04:18:47

[ Watch the Video: Merging Neutron Stars ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A gamma-ray burst (GRB) created by the collision of two neutron stars has given researchers new insight into how gold, one of the rarest elements on Earth, and in the entire universe, is formed. Lead author Edo Berger of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) and his colleagues explain that unlike elements such as carbon or iron, gold cannot be created inside of a star....

Latest Neutron star Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Pulsar -- A pulsar, which originally stood for pulsating radio source, is a rapidly rotating neutron star, whose electromagnetic radiation is observed in regularly spaced interval, or pulses. Pulsars are closely related to magnetars, the main difference being the strenght of the object's magnetic field. History Pulsars were discovered by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish in 1967 while they were using a radio array to study the scintillation of quasars. They found a very regular...

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