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Latest Neutron star Stories

Swift Finds Gamma-Ray Burst With A Dual Personality
2011-12-01 04:28:51

[ Watch the Video ] A peculiar cosmic explosion first detected by NASA's Swift observatory on Christmas Day 2010 was caused either by a novel type of supernova located billions of light-years away or an unusual collision much closer to home, within our own galaxy. Papers describing both interpretations appear in the Dec. 1 issue of the journal Nature. Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the universe's most luminous explosions, emitting more energy in a few seconds than our sun will during its...

Image 1 - Potential Mission Would Reveal The Hearts Of Undead Stars
2011-11-10 04:41:15

Neutron stars have been called the zombies of the cosmos, shining on even though they're technically dead, and occasionally feeding on a neighboring star if it gets too close. They are born when a massive star runs out of fuel and collapses under its own gravity, crushing the matter in its core and blasting away its outer layers in a supernova explosion that can outshine a billion suns. The core, compressed by gravity to inconceivable density — one teaspoon would weigh about a...

Discovery Points To 2 Different Classes Of Supernovae
2011-11-10 04:36:05

Astronomers at the universities of Southampton and Oxford have found evidence that neutron stars, which are produced when massive stars explode as supernovae, actually come in two distinct varieties. Their finding also suggests that each variety is produced by a different kind of supernova event. Neutron stars are the last stage in the evolution of many massive stars. They represent the most extreme form of matter: the mass of a single neutron star exceeds that of the entire sun, but...

Image 1 - Scientists Discover Powerful Millisecond Pulsar
2011-11-03 14:24:14

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] | [ Video 3 ] NASA said on Thursday that its scientists have discovered a surprisingly powerful millisecond pulsar that challenges existing theories. The international team of scientists used NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope to find that the object is the most luminous pulsar detected in the galaxy cluster to date, spinning at 11,000 rotations per minute. The researchers wrote in the November 3 issue of the journal Science that the pulsar is only 25...

Image 1 - Researchers Detect High Energies Coming From Crab Pulsar
2011-10-06 14:03:01

Astrophysicists have detected pulsed gamma-ray emissions from the Crab pulsar with energies that exceed 100 billion electron-volts (GeV). These gamma-ray pulses surpass what current theoretical models of pulsars can explain.  The pulses were detected by the VERITAS telescope array at the Whipple Observatory in Arizona. Nepomuk Otte, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz, said some researchers had told him he was crazy to even look for pulsar emission...

space-082611-001
2011-08-26 04:53:44

  An international team of astronomers has discovered an exotic planet that appears to be made of diamond orbiting a tiny star in our galaxy. The new planet, which is far denser than any other previously known, consists primarily of carbon.  However, its high density has led scientists to calculate the carbon must be crystalline, meaning a large part of the planet would effectively be diamond. "The evolutionary history and amazing density of the planet all suggest it is...

277659c13688e143e8e6e103bbf1d77a
2011-06-30 06:57:38

In December 2010, a pair of mismatched stars in the southern constellation Crux whisked past each other at a distance closer than Venus orbits the sun. The system possesses a so-far unique blend of a hot and massive star with a compact fast-spinning pulsar. The pair's closest encounters occur every 3.4 years and each is marked by a sharp increase in gamma rays, the most extreme form of light. The unique combination of stars, the long wait between close approaches, and periods of intense...


Latest Neutron star Reference Libraries

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2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

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2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

6_79c799b9f03f60809a9d0aecf38491202
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supernova -- A supernova is a star that increases its brightness drastically within a matter of days, making it appear as if a "new" star was born (hence "nova"). The "super" prefix distinguishes it from a mere nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a much different mechanism. Astronomers have classified supernovae in several classes, according to the lines of different elements that appear in their spectra. The first...

6_f22173fe0f79e2d306163d61f6859f022
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Strange Matter -- Strange matter (also known as quark matter) is an ultra-dense phase of matter that is theorized to form inside particularly massive neutron stars (which are then known as "strange stars" or "quark stars"). It's theorized that when neutronium is put under sufficient pressure due to the gravitation of a large neutron star, the individual neutrons break down and their constituent quarks form strange matter. Strange matter is composed of strange quarks bound to each...

6_c90fae467630fef07c8241387669e4e42
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Pulsar -- A pulsar, which originally stood for pulsating radio source, is a rapidly rotating neutron star, whose electromagnetic radiation is observed in regularly spaced interval, or pulses. Pulsars are closely related to magnetars, the main difference being the strenght of the object's magnetic field. History Pulsars were discovered by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish in 1967 while they were using a radio array to study the scintillation of quasars. They found a very regular...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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