NGC Reference Libraries

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NGC 5866 Group
2010-09-16 15:00:46

The NGC 5866, located in the Draco constellation, is named after the galaxy with the highest magnitude however some catalogs list NGC 5907 as the brightest member. The M51 Group and the M101 Group are NGC 5866 closest neighbor. The distances between these groups are similar which suggest the three groups are part of a single large, loose, elongated group. However, most identification methods...

M81 Group
2010-09-13 17:09:55

The M81 Group, containing the well known galaxies Messier 81 and Messier 82, is a group of galaxies within the constellation Ursa Major. Along with Messier 81 and 82 are several other galaxies with apparent brightness. The center, located at an approximate distance of 3.6 Mpc, is one of the nearest groups to the Local Group. The total estimated mass of the group is (1.03 ± 0.17) ×...

M51 Group
2010-09-13 17:07:12

The M51 Group, located in Canes Venatici, is named after the brightest galaxy in the group, the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51A). The few other notable members include the companion galaxy to the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51B) and the Sunflower Galaxy (M63).

Coma Cluster
2010-09-13 16:56:08

The Coma Cluster (Abell 1656), along with the Leo Cluster, is one of two major clusters compromising the Coma Supercluster. It contains over 1000 identified galaxies. Most of the galaxies in the center of the Coma Cluster are elliptical galaxies including both dwarf and giant. However the center is dominated by NGC 4874 and NGC 4889, two giant elliptical galaxies. The brightest galaxies are...

Stephans Quintet
2010-09-13 16:27:55

Stephan's Quintet in the constellation Pegasus is a visual grouping of five galaxies which four form the first compact galaxy group ever discovered. The group was discovered by Édouard Stephan in 1877 at Marseilles Observatory and is the most studied of all the compact galaxy groups. NGC 7320, which has extensive H II regions, is the brightest member of the visual grouping and is where...

Markarians Chain
2010-09-08 16:10:01

Markarian's Chain is a stretch of galaxies forming part of the Virgo Cluster. The galaxies get their name because when viewed from earth they form a curved line. The other part of the name comes from the Armenian astrophysicist, B. E. Markarian. Markarian discovered their common proper motion in the mid 1970s. Member galaxies include M84 (NGC 4374), M86 (NGC 4406), NGC 4477, NGC 4473, NGC 4461,...

Leo Triplet
2010-09-08 16:07:17

The Leo Triplet, consisting of the spiral galaxies M65, the M66, and the NGC 3628, is also called the M66 group. The small group of galaxies is about 35 million light-years in the constellation LEO. In close proximity is the M96 Group. It is believed that these two groups may be separate parts of a much larger group. There is also some group identification algorithms that identify the Leo...

Fornax Cluster
2010-09-07 17:51:40

Although smaller than the Virgo Cluster, the Fornax Cluster, located in the Fornax constellation is the richest cluster of galaxies within 100 million light years. Its distance from us is approximately 62.0+5.9−5.5 Mly (19.0+1.8−1.7 Mpc). It is small as far as galaxy clusters go yet is a valuable source on the evolution of clusters. It shows the effects of a merger of a subgroup...

Centauras A - M83 Group
2010-09-07 17:44:03

Within the Hydra, Centaurus, and Virgo constellations a complex group of galaxies resides called Centaurus A/M83. There are two subgroups within Centaurus A/M83. The first is Cen A, at a distance of 11.9 Million Light Years, is centered around Centaurus A, a close by radio galaxy. The other subgroup, M83, is at a distance of 14.9 Million Light Years and is centered around the Messier 83. Since...

Puppis Constellation
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Puppis Constellation -- Containing the brightest star visible on earth, the constellation of Canis Major is one of the few constellations in the heavens which resembles what it is supposed to be: a large dog. Its neighbor, Puppis, on the other hand, boasts no bright stars, and is difficult at best for even seasoned observers to identify. Stellar beacons notwithstanding, both of these...

Word of the Day
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.