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Latest Ocean chemistry Stories

Modern Ocean Acidification Is Outpacing Ancient Upheaval
2014-06-03 15:48:09

Columbia University Rate May Be Ten Times Faster, According to New Data Some 56 million years ago, a massive pulse of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere sent global temperatures soaring. In the oceans, carbonate sediments dissolved, some organisms went extinct and others evolved. Scientists have long suspected that ocean acidification caused the crisis—similar to today, as manmade CO2 combines with seawater to change its chemistry. Now, for the first time, scientists have...

Ocean Acidity Is Dissolving Shells Of Tiny Snails Off The US West Coast
2014-05-01 03:41:37

NOAA A NOAA-led research team has found the first evidence that acidity of continental shelf waters off the West Coast is dissolving the shells of tiny free-swimming marine snails, called pteropods, which provide food for pink salmon, mackerel and herring, according to a new paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Researchers estimate that the percentage of pteropods in this region with dissolving shells due to ocean acidification has doubled in the nearshore habitat...

Ocean Acidity Having Major Impact On Arctic Food Web Species
2013-12-03 06:27:12

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Tiny crustaceans, known as copepods, live just beneath the surface of the ocean. A research expedition to the Arctic, part of the Caitlin Arctic Survey, found that these tiny animals are more likely to battle for survival if ocean acidity continues to rise. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), revealed that copepods that move large distances, migrating vertically across a wide range of pH...

Receding Ice Exposes Seawater To Carbon Dioxide, Driving Ocean Acidification In The Arctic Ocean
2013-09-13 12:12:21

University of South Florida (USF Health) Acidification of the Arctic Ocean is occurring faster than projected according to new findings published in the journal PLoS One. The increase in rate is being blamed on rapidly melting sea ice, a process that may have important consequences for health of the Arctic ecosystem. Ocean acidification is the process by which pH levels of seawater decrease due to greater amounts of carbon dioxide being absorbed by the oceans from the atmosphere....

Impact On Shellfish From Ocean Acidification
2012-08-06 14:24:57

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In the journal Global Change Biology, a worldwide study is published to understand and forecast the likely impact of ocean acidification on shellfish and other marine life living in seas from the tropics to the north and south poles. Ocean acidification is occurring because some of the increased carbon dioxide humans are adding to the atmosphere dissolves in the ocean and reacts with water to produce an acid. According to the...

2011-08-02 16:43:11

Changes in ocean chemistry due to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are expected to damage shellfish populations around the world, but some nations will feel the impacts much sooner and more intensely than others, according to a study by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). As CO2 levels driven by fossil fuel use have increased in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution, so has the amount of CO2 absorbed by the world's oceans, leading to changes in the...

2010-10-14 08:45:54

Projects address concern for acidifying marine ecosystems With increasing levels of carbon dioxide accumulating in the atmosphere and moving into marine systems, the world's oceans are becoming more acidic, scientists have shown. To address the growing concern for acidifying marine systems, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded 21 grants under the Ocean Acidification theme of its Climate Research Investment. The awards are supported and managed by NSF's Office of Polar Programs,...

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2010-08-20 09:46:37

Emissions of carbon dioxide are causing ocean acidification as well as global warming. Scientists have previously used computer simulations to quantify how curbing of carbon dioxide emissions would mitigate climate impacts. New computer simulations have now examined the likely effects of mitigation scenarios on ocean acidification trends. They show that both the peak year of emissions and post-peak reduction rates influence how much ocean acidity increases by 2100. Changes in ocean pH over...

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2010-04-22 11:40:00

WASHINGTON -- The changing chemistry of the world's oceans is a growing global problem, says the summary of a congressionally requested study by the National Research Council, which adds that unless man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are substantially curbed, or atmospheric CO2 is controlled by some other means, the ocean will continue to become more acidic. The long-term consequences of ocean acidification on marine life are unknown, but many ecosystem changes are expected to result....

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2010-03-03 10:58:11

Discovery, a First, Could Spur Exploration of Distant Mid-Ocean Ridge Scientists at Columbia's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory have found evidence of hydrothermal vents on the seafloor near Antarctica, formerly a blank spot on the map for researchers wanting to learn more about seafloor formation and the bizarre life forms drawn to these extreme environments. Hydrothermal vents spew volcanically heated seawater from the planet's underwater mountain ranges"”the vast mid-ocean ridge...


Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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