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Latest Ohio State University Stories

2012-10-03 09:58:22

Transportation practices tend to be more environmentally friendly in wealthier metropolitan areas located within states that mandate comprehensive planning, new research suggests. The study involved an examination of 225 U.S. metropolitan areas between 1980 and 2008 to gauge how sustainable their transportation practices were and determine what kinds of socioeconomic factors appeared to influence those practices. Overall, transportation has become less sustainable across the country...

Monogamy The Norm For Urban Coyotes
2012-09-26 05:26:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some women in a relationship may refer to their cheating male partners as dogs, but a new study shows that women may have to start calling their men who stray something else if they want to be more accurate. Scientists at the Ohio State University studied urban coyotes living around Chicago and found them to be 100 percent faithful to their mating partner, according to a new study in the latest edition of the Journal of Mammalogy....

2012-09-24 21:56:52

The presidential debates offer viewers a lot of substance about the issues of the campaign -- but postdebate media coverage can undermine the value they have for voters, a new study suggests. Results showed that postdebate coverage that focused on the debate as a competition led viewers to think less about policy issues. By comparison, coverage that focused on the substance of the discussion increased the likelihood that viewers would come away with specific thoughts about candidates´...

Your Body Does Not Lie: Political Ads Of Candidates People Oppose Are Ignored
2012-09-17 10:00:08

A recent study examined people´s bodily responses while watching presidential campaign ads - and discovered another way that people avoid political information that challenges their beliefs. In the last days of the 2008 campaign, researchers had people watch a variety of actual ads for Republican presidential candidate John McCain and his Democratic rival Barack Obama while the viewers´ heart rates, skin conductance and activation of facial muscles were monitored. The results...

Choosing Marital Separation Over Divorce
2012-08-20 07:24:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Fifteen percent of married couples who undergo long-term separations remain apart, without getting divorced or reconciling, researchers from Ohio State University (OSU) have discovered. In a nationwide study, doctoral student Dmitry Tumin and sociology professor Zhenchao Qian looked at 7,272 individuals who participated in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79) and were married at one point. Each subject...

2012-08-07 23:36:29

Cities count the number of cars on the road in order to plan everything from the timing of stoplights to road repairs. But the in-road metal detectors that do the counting can make errors — most often by registering that a car is present when one isn't. One common error is called "splashover" because it usually involves an over-sensitive detector picking up the presence a vehicle in the next lane over — as if the signal from the car "splashed over" into the adjacent lane....

2012-07-24 11:14:33

Chronic exposure to dim light at night can lead to depressive symptoms in rodents -- but these negative effects can be reversed simply by returning to a standard light-dark cycle, a new study suggests. While hamsters exposed to light at night for four weeks showed evidence of depressive symptoms, those symptoms essentially disappeared after about two weeks if they returned to normal lighting conditions. Even changes in the brain that occurred after hamsters lived with chronic light at...

2012-07-20 01:50:16

New research has shown that a protein does something that scientists once thought impossible: It unfolds itself and refolds into a completely new shape. This protein, called RfaH, activates genes that allow bacterial cells to launch a successful attack on their host, causing disease. The researchers determined that RfaH starts out in its alpha form, composed of two spiral shapes. Later, in its beta form, it resembles spokes on a wheel and is called a barrel. When RfaH refolds, it...

2012-07-19 12:06:27

When hospital patients need assistance breathing and are placed on a mechanical ventilator for days at a time, their lungs react to the pressure generated by the ventilator with an out-of-control immune response that can lead to excessive inflammation, new research suggests. While learning that lungs perceive the ventilation as an infection, researchers also discovered potential drug targets that might reduce the resulting inflammation - a tiny piece of RNA and two proteins that have roles...


Latest Ohio State University Reference Libraries

Nancy Currie
2012-08-17 14:31:26

Nancy Currie is an engineer, United States Army officer, and a NASA astronaut. She was born Nancy Jane Sherlock on December 29, 1958 in Wilmington, Delaware. She moved to Troy, Ohio as a child and graduated from Troy High School in 1977. She then went on to attend Ohio State University where she earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Biological Science in 1980. From there she continued her education by earning a Master of Science degree in Safety Engineering from the University of Southern...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'