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Latest Olfaction Stories

2011-05-13 15:08:33

A single interneuron controls activity adaptively in 50,000 neurons, enabling consistently sparse codes for odors The brain is a coding machine: it translates physical inputs from the world into visual, olfactory, auditory, tactile perceptions via the mysterious language of its nerve cells and the networks which they form. Neural codes could in principle take many forms, but in regions forming bottlenecks for information flow (e.g., the optic nerve) or in areas important for memory, sparse...

2011-05-13 00:00:28

Olfactory Biosciences Corp. formed a new subsidiary with Incredible Scents, Inc. (ISI), called BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, INC., to manufacture and distribute a new advanced line of NOXO Wellness products in combination with ISI's popular enhanced nasal delivery system. Incredible Scents product line is presently available in 40,000 stores nation wide including all CVS, Rite Aid, Duane Reade, Wakefern (Shoprite supermarkets) Wynnewood, PA (PRWEB) May 12, 2011 Olfactory Biosciences Corp. (OTC...

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2011-05-10 07:59:54

Scientists working in a laboratory at Vanderbilt University have potentially discovered a class of insect repellent that is 1000 times more effective than DEET and works against all types of insects. "It wasn't something we set out to find," said David Rinker, a graduate student who performed the study in collaboration with graduate student Gregory Pask and post-doctoral fellow Patrick Jones. "It was an anomaly that we noticed in our tests." Reported in the online edition of the Proceedings...

2011-04-18 21:27:05

Most patients who have a reduced ability to smell or detect odors seem to attach less importance to the sense of smell in their daily lives than people with a normal olfactory function, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology "“ Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. "Disorders of the sense of smell are common," the authors provide as background information in the article. "In the general population, hyposmia [reduced ability to smell]...

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2011-04-17 07:39:46

Scientists assemble genes involved in regulating olfaction in the antennae of a moth Insects have a highly sensitive sense of smell. Extremely low concentrations of odor molecules in the air are sufficient to be detected by receptor neurons on their antennae. Specific proteins, so-called receptor proteins, expressed in these neurons recognize the odors. The odor molecules bind to the receptors and produce chemical and electrical signals that are processed in the insect brain and eventually...

2011-04-13 19:37:19

Findings show hormone causes people to sniff odors more An appetite-stimulating hormone causes people and animals to sniff odors more often and with greater sensitivity, according to a new study in the April 13 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The findings suggest ghrelin may enhance the ability to find and identify food. Researchers led by Jenny Tong, MD, and Matthias Tschöp, MD, at the University of Cincinnati found the appetite-related hormone also influences smell. The new study...

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2011-04-13 08:45:00

Birds are known in present time more for their vision and hearing than their sense of smell. However, a new study reveals that millions of years ago, their ancestors had a better sense for scents. Scientists at the University of Calgary, the Royal Tyrrell Museum and the Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine tested a long-standing view that the sense of smell for birds declined as they developed heightened senses of vision, hearing and balance for flight during evolution. The...

2011-04-13 00:00:29

Odor from Garbage and Pets Among the Most Offensive Bloomington, IL (Vocus/PRWEB) April 12, 2011 Call them "America's Most Unwanted." They've been known to hold entire households hostage, causing shortness of breath, nausea and panic in their victims. At the very least, they keep "home sweet home" from smelling so sweet. The culprits are household odors, and these are the worst of the worst. According to a recent nationwide survey* by the makers of ARM & HAMMER® vacuum...

2011-04-07 12:53:16

NIH-funded scientists report findings on olfactory clues to Alzheimer's disease, the sweet taste of anticipation, and the impact of autoimmune diseases on taste during research meeting in St. Pete Beach, Fla. What: Scientists supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), one of the National Institutes of Health, will be presenting their latest research findings at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the Association for Chemoreception Sciences (AChemS)....

2011-04-06 21:51:13

Success opens doors extending from health to new taste molecules Following years of futile attempts, new research from the Monell Center demonstrates that living human taste cells can be maintained in culture for at least seven months. The findings provide scientists with a valuable tool to learn about the human sense of taste and how it functions in health and disease. This advance ultimately will assist efforts to prevent and treat taste loss or impairment due to infection, radiation,...


Latest Olfaction Reference Libraries

Nose
2013-03-05 14:47:26

The nose is the organ that extends outward in the middle of the face between the eyes and mouth. Formation and Orientation The shape and look of the nose is dependent on the ethmoid bone and the nasal septum which is the cartilage that separates the two nostrils. The evolutionary hypotheses of nose development in humans propose that noses are alterations of the angles of the skull because of bipedalism. Because of the change in diet that has come with modern time and the change of...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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