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Latest Olfactory receptor neuron Stories

2014-04-11 10:13:44

Stowers investigators reveal a developmental switch in targeting capacity of olfactory neurons The human nose expresses nearly 400 odorant receptors, which allow us to distinguish a large number of scents. In mice the number of odor receptors is closer to 1000. Each olfactory neuron displays only a single type of receptor and all neurons with the same receptors are connected to the same spot, a glomerulus, in the brain. This convergence, or wiring pattern, is often described as an...

Smell Processes In Our Brain Better Understood Through Locust Study
2013-11-26 09:53:56

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Environmental stimuli often trigger our sense of smell before we exhibit any other response. Smells trigger neurons in our brains that alert us to take action, but there are often more than one odor in our environments at any given time. Barani Raman, PhD, of the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis, wanted to answer the question of how our brain processes multiple odors received...

2013-07-05 11:04:44

Fish fail to detect danger in copper-polluted water. A new study, to be presented at the meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology on the 5th of July, shows that fish cannot smell a danger odor signal emitted by other fish in waters contaminated with copper. Research conducted by Dr Bill Dew at the University of Lethbridge in Canada looked for the first time at the effect of the metal contaminants nickel and copper on specific fish olfactory sensory neurons, and how these affect the...

Origins Of Our Smell Cells Pinpointed By Scientists
2013-03-26 08:09:14

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Biologists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have identified the origin of olfactory nerve cells, finding that neural-crest stem cells — multipotent, migratory cells unique to vertebrates that give rise to many structures in the body — play a key role in building olfactory sensory neurons in the nose. When human noses detect a scent, two types of sensory neurons are at work. These neurons are...

How Flies Avoid Rotten Food
2012-12-07 07:23:29

[ Watch the Video: Flies Sniff Out and Avoid Spoiled Food ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Eating spoiled food can be fatal as it allows bacterial pathogens to enter the digestive system. One of the main tasks of the sense of smell is to detect signs of decay, allowing us and other animals to avoid such food poisoning. A new study, conducted by behavioral scientists and neurobiologists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, has decoded the neural...

Sense Of Smell In Mice Restored From Gene Therapy
2012-09-07 14:10:09

A team of scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions report that restoring tiny, hair-like structures to defective cells in the olfactory system of mice is enough to restore a lost sense of smell. The results of the experiments were published online this week in Nature Medicine, and are believed to represent the first successful application of gene therapy to restore this function in live mammals. An expert in olfaction, Randall Reed, Ph.D., professor of molecular biology and...

Brain Handles Odors In A Different Way
2012-03-22 05:44:48

Researchers from the Stowers institute for Medical Research have traced individual odor molecules in the brain to create a new model of how our sense of smell works. While once thought to cluster related smells, researchers have know discovered that the brain reacts to smells in a broader sense. Previous research has shown that the brain handles the senses in a very orderly way. Things that we touch were thought to be mapped together in the somatosensory cortex, things that we heard...

2012-03-14 13:44:04

How are 100 billion cells created, each with specific duties? The human brain is evidence that nature can achieve this. Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden have now taken a step closer to solving this mystery. "Knowledge about the mechanisms that diversify neurons and keep them diverse is necessary in order to cultivate and replace nerve cells in the future," says Mattias Alenius, Assistant Professor of Neuroscience, who has published his research breakthrough...

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2012-03-14 10:32:54

How are 100 billion cells created, each with specific duties? The human brain is evidence that nature can achieve this. Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden have now taken a step closer to solving this mystery. "Knowledge about the mechanisms that diversify neurons and keep them diverse is necessary in order to cultivate and replace nerve cells in the future," says Mattias Alenius, Assistant Professor of Neuroscience, who has published his research breakthrough in the...

2012-01-20 11:06:41

Fruit flies don't have noses, but a huge part of their brains is dedicated to processing smells. Flies probably rely on the sense of smell more than any other sense for essential activities such as finding mates and avoiding danger.  UW-Madison researchers have discovered that a gene called distal-less is critical to the fly's ability to receive, process and respond to smells. As reported in the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the scientists...


Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'