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Latest Optical Society of America Stories

2013-01-28 19:50:04

A new optical prescription for automobile side-view mirrors may eliminate the dreaded "blind spot" in traffic without distorting the perceived distance of cars approaching from behind. As described in a paper published today in the Optical Society's (OSA) journal Optics Letters, objects viewed in a mirror using the new design appear larger than in traditional side-view mirrors, so it's easier to judge their following distance and speed. Today's motor vehicles in the United States use two...

2013-01-23 11:49:18

Optical Materials Express paper details new laser technique with applications in sensing, photovoltaics, optical switches Silica microwires are the tiny and as-yet underutilized cousins of optical fibers. If precisely manufactured, however, these hair-like slivers of silica could enable applications and technology not currently possible with comparatively bulky optical fiber. By carefully controlling the shape of water droplets with an ultraviolet laser, a team of researchers from...

New Bio-inspired Coating That Increases LED Efficiency By 55 Percent
2013-01-08 13:48:41

Optical Society of America The nighttime twinkling of fireflies has inspired scientists to modify a light-emitting diode (LED) so it is more than one and a half times as efficient as the original. Researchers from Belgium, France, and Canada studied the internal structure of firefly lanterns, the organs on the bioluminescent insects' abdomens that flash to attract mates. The scientists identified an unexpected pattern of jagged scales that enhanced the lanterns' glow, and applied that...

Data Routes On Information Superhighway Enhanced With New Dynamic Dual-core Optical Fiber
2012-12-19 16:31:45

Optical Society of America Light 'jumping the tracks' enables enhanced data processing, better sensing Optical fibers —the backbone of the Internet—carry movies, messages, and music at the speed of light. But for all their efficiency, these ultrathin strands of pristine glass must connect to sluggish signal switches, routers, and buffers in order to transmit data. Hoping to do away with these information speed bumps, researchers have developed a new, dual-core optical fiber...

New Twist On Microscopic Manipulation From World's Smallest Wrench
2012-12-03 16:34:48

Optical Society of America [ Watch The Video ] New tool for controlling particles promises to advance biological research, healthcare, and more Harnessing laser light's ability to gently push and pull microscopic particles, researchers have created the fiber-optic equivalent of the world's smallest wrench. This virtual tool can precisely twist and turn the tiniest of particles, from living cells and DNA to microscopic motors and dynamos used in biological and physical research....

3-D "Light Switch" To Better Understand How The Brain Works
2012-11-19 15:04:38

Optical Society of America New device for delivering light to individual neurons could one day help treat Parkinson's disease, epilepsy; aid understanding of consciousness, how memories form A new tool for neuroscientists delivers a thousand pinpricks of light to a chunk of gray matter smaller than a sugar cube. The new fiber-optic device, created by biologists and engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, is the first tool that can deliver precise...

Human Eye Gives Visionary Design For New, More Natural Lens Technology
2012-11-13 17:02:31

Optical Society of America Drawing heavily upon nature for inspiration, a team of researchers has created a new artificial lens that is nearly identical to the natural lens of the human eye. This innovative lens, which is made up of thousands of nanoscale polymer layers, may one day provide a more natural performance in implantable lenses to replace damaged or diseased human eye lenses, as well as consumer vision products; it also may lead to superior ground and aerial surveillance...

New 3-D Stress Map Of Developing Embryonic Heart Shows Why Defects Form
2012-10-31 13:02:49

Optical Society of America Forces inside the beating heart of a human embryo help determine health of a baby's heart: New 3-D images map these important forces As a human fetus develops, its heart has to keep pace with the new body's ever-growing demands. Much of this is controlled by following genetic blueprints, but the embryonic heart also matures in response to the intense stresses of pumping blood. For the first time, researchers have been able to visualize in 3-D the stresses...

Harnessing Spider Silk For Use In Biosensors, Lasers And Microchips
2012-10-11 11:55:27

Researchers at Frontiers in Optics 2012 describe ways to use natural silk for implantable optics, compostable lasers, and microfibers integrated into photonic chips Spiders use their silk to catch lunch. Now physicists are using it to catch light. New research shows that natural silk could be an eco-friendly alternative to more traditional ways of manipulating light, such as through glass or plastic fiber optic cables. Two teams independently exploring possible applications for the...

Sharper View Of Brain's Neural Network Offered By Novel Microscopy Method
2012-08-23 13:56:22

Shortly after the Hubble Space Telescope went into orbit in 1990 it was discovered that the craft had blurred vision. Fortunately, Space Shuttle astronauts were able to remedy the problem a few years later with supplemental optics. Now, a team of Italian researchers has performed a similar sight-correcting feat for a microscope imaging technique designed to explore a universe seemingly as vast as Hubble's but at the opposite end of the size spectrum–the neural pathways of the brain....


Latest Optical Society of America Reference Libraries

Optics Communications
2012-04-30 14:35:08

Optics Communications is a peer-reviewed rapid-publication scientific journal published by Elsevier. This journal has been in publication since April of 1969, according to the Library of Congress. It reports on all fields of optical science and technology. The following subjects are covered in Optics Communications: Physical optics, Optical information and image processing, Guided wave optics, Atomic and molecular physics, Optical properties of condensed and soft matter, Quantum optics,...

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'karpos', fruit.
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