Quantcast

Latest Organism Stories

2014-07-08 11:05:13

OSU The oxygen-rich surface waters of the world’s major oceans are supersaturated with methane – a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide – yet little is known about the source of this methane. Now a new study by researchers at Oregon State University demonstrates the ability of some strains of the oceans’ most abundant organism – SAR11 – to generate methane as a byproduct of breaking down a compound for its phosphorus. Results...

Key To Adaptation Limits Of Ocean Dwellers Uncovered By Scientists
2014-07-02 03:35:33

Alfred Wegener Institute The simpler a marine organism is structured, the better it is suited for survival during climate change. Scientists of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, discovered this in a new meta-study, which appears today in the research journal Global Change Biology. For the first time biologists studied the relationship between the complexity of life forms and the ultimate limits of their adaptation to a warmer climate. While...

The Shocking Story Of How Some Fish Evolved Electric Organs
2014-06-27 07:06:34

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By sequencing the genome of the electric eel for the first time, researchers have discovered how certain types of aquatic creatures were able to develop organs that allow them to produce electricity outside of their bodies. Publishing a paper in the latest edition of the journal Science, scientists from Michigan State University, University of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Texas-Austin and the Systemix Institute explain how...

Unknown Microbes Grown One By One Using New Technique
2014-06-25 03:39:00

Jessica Stoller-Conrad, Caltech A new technique developed at Caltech helps grow individual species of the unknown microbes that live in the human body. Trillions of bacteria live in and on the human body; a few species can make us sick, but many others keep us healthy by boosting digestion and preventing inflammation. Although there's plenty of evidence that these microbes play a collective role in human health, we still know very little about most of the individual bacterial species...

2014-05-23 11:13:49

DOE/Joint Genome Institute In the Lewis Carroll classic, Through the Looking Glass, Humpty Dumpty states, "When I use a word, it means just what I choose it to mean—neither more nor less." In turn, Alice (of Wonderland fame) says, "The question is, whether you can make words mean so many different things." All organisms on Earth use a genetic code, which is the language in which the building plans for proteins are specified in their DNA. It has long been assumed that there is only one...

2014-04-04 11:40:41

DRI scientists investigate the link between right-handed and left-handed amino acids A study published this week in PLOS ONE authored by Dr. Henry Sun and his postdoctoral student Dr. Gaosen Zhang of Nevada based research institute DRI provides new evidence that Earth bacteria can do something that is quite unusual. Despite the fact that these bacteria are made of left-handed (L) amino acids, they are able to grow on right-handed (D) amino acids. This DRI study, funded by the NASA...

2014-04-03 11:21:51

Stowers team reports genome-wide analysis of genes that drive cell division in a multicellular organism In textbooks, the grand-finale of cell division is the tug-of-war fought inside dividing cells as duplicated pairs of chromosomes get dragged in opposite directions into daughter cells. This process, called mitosis, is visually stunning to observe under a microscope. Equally stunning to cell biologists are the preparatory steps cells take to ensure that the process occurs safely....

2014-04-01 15:11:54

KIT computer models explain how ion channels in cell membranes react to light / light switch for nerve cells as a sensitive tool of research Networked nerve cells are the control center of organisms. In a nematode, 300 nerve cells are sufficient to initiate complex behavior. To understand the properties of the networks, re-searchers switch cells on and off with light and observe the resulting behavior of the organism. In the Science journal, sci-entists now present a protein that...

Notion That Hox Genes Acquire New Roles Quickly, Without Compromising Old Ones
2014-03-19 21:55:48

Indiana University Bloomington It’s difficult to identify a single evolutionary novelty in the animal kingdom that has fascinated and intrigued mankind more than the lantern of the firefly. Yet to this day, nothing has been known about the genetic foundation for the formation and evolution of this luminescent structure. But now, new work from a former Indiana University Bloomington graduate student and his IU Ph.D. advisor offers for the first time a characterization of the...

unclassified Spingomonadaceae
2014-03-13 05:31:15

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A collection of bacteria, viruses and other microbes will depart for the International Space Station (ISS) over the weekend as part of a research initiative known as Project MERCCURI, NASA officials announced Wednesday. Project MERCCURI, which is officially known as the Microbial Ecology Research Combining Citizen and University Researchers on the International Space Station, is a crowdsourced mission that includes invisible...


Latest Organism Reference Libraries

0_bffac8301e079e95e303e46c4a8c2b3d
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Biology is the study of living organisms. Before the 19th century, biology was known as natural history (the study of all living things). Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus was the first person to coin the term biology. Biology comes from the Greek words bios (meaning "life") and logia (meaning "study of"). It is a common science that is a standard subject in schools and universities around the world. Over a million papers are published annually in biology and medicinal journals. Not just a...

More Articles (1 articles) »
Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
Related