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Latest Organism Stories

Plug And Play Synthetic Biology - Rewriting An Entire Genome
2013-10-19 04:15:01

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of scientists from Harvard and Yale have recorded the entire genome of the bacteria E. coli, and in a dramatic demonstration of the potential of rewriting an organism's genetic code, they have improved the bacterium's ability to resist viruses. "This is the first time the genetic code has been fundamentally changed," according to Farren Isaacs, assistant professor of molecular, cellular, and developmental biology at Yale....

Bacterium Found In Termite Guts Helps Make Wood A Nutritious Meal
2013-09-27 08:15:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As termites eat wood, the small chunks they chew off are delivered to feed a community of unique microbes living in their guts. In a complex multi-step process, these microbes turn the hard, fibrous material of the wood into a nutritious meal for the termite host. A key step in this process uses acetogenesis -- where hydrogen converts carbon dioxide into organic carbon. It is unknown, however, which gut bacteria play specific roles in...

2013-09-24 11:16:51

Scientists have sequenced the genomes of nearly 6,900 organisms, but they know the functions of only about half of the protein-coding genes thus far discovered. Now a multidisciplinary effort involving 15 scientists from three institutions has begun chipping away at this mystery – in a big way. Their work to identify the function of one bacterial protein and the biochemical pathway in which it operates will also help identify the functions of hundreds of other proteins. A report of their...

Next Generation Of Medicine Could Come From The Oceans
2013-09-02 12:21:36

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists are starting to look to the ocean to find the next generation of medications that could help yield a variety of cures. The SeaBioTech project launched in 2012 with the hope of finding raw material for the world's biotechnology industry -- specifically new antibiotics and other medical compounds. “The oceans can be deep or shallow, they can be more or less tidal, and they can include unique environments such as volcanic...

2013-08-11 23:02:10

After its latest inclusion of 64 thousand new animal science references and a bibliography on molecular cloning, the Life, Earth and Health Sciences Magazine EurekaMag.com now provides 37.4 million references including 11.7 million summaries in the basic and applied biological, geographical and health sciences. Mannheim, Germany (PRWEB) August 11, 2013 EurekaMag.com has newly published 63,871 references on the basic and applied animal sciences. These references contain 30,961 new...

For Your Eyes Only: Understanding How Sight Evolved
2013-07-29 12:19:33

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The ability to look out for predators or see a distant source of water has allowed humans to get where we are today, but how did our sense of vision evolve throughout time? In a newly published research review, Trevor Lamb, a neuroscientist at the Australian National University, decided to look into several questions surrounding the evolution of the human eye. "There are profound questions about the eye which are still not easy to...

Wave Of Blue Fluorescence Reveals Spread Of Death In Worms
2013-07-24 08:45:45

Wellcome Trust The final biological events in the life of a worm are described today, revealing how death spreads like a wave from cell to cell until the whole organism is dead. When individual cells die, it triggers a chemical chain reaction that leads to the breakdown of cell components and a build-up of molecular debris. The molecular mechanisms of this are reasonably well understood at a cellular level but we know much less about how death spreads throughout an organism at the end...

Land Life Earlier Than Thought
2013-07-22 14:37:42

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Conventional theories have placed life on land for the last 500 million years, but a new study from a team of American and Australian researchers might push that back to 2.2 billion years. To support their claim, the scientists presented evidence in the form of tiny newly discovered fossils the size of a match head called Diskagma buttonii that were discovered in ancient soil samples. "They certainly were...

Fungus Cell Looks Like The 405 Freeway
2013-07-18 10:17:49

UCLA [ Watch the Video Nuclear dynamics in a fungal chimera ] No, those are not cars darting along a busy highway. The glowing specks you're seeing in this video are millions of nuclei flowing through the tube-like filaments, or hyphae, of a single fungus cell. The video was produced as part of a study by UCLA mathematician Marcus Roper's research group that was the first to measure and explain this dynamic movement of nuclei in the cells of a fungus. "It's complex, beautiful and...

Dark Matter In The Biological Realm
2013-07-17 04:31:08

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A hot topic in astronomy is the search for dark matter - mass that seems to dominate the Universe, yet eludes our detection. Similarly, the field of biology encounters its own "dark matter" problem. Microbial dark matter, as it's called, draws its parallels from its cosmological cousin in that it is all around us, dominating this Earthly domain. Yet, it is incredibly difficult to characterize. "Microbes are the most abundant...


Latest Organism Reference Libraries

0_bffac8301e079e95e303e46c4a8c2b3d
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Biology is the study of living organisms. Before the 19th century, biology was known as natural history (the study of all living things). Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus was the first person to coin the term biology. Biology comes from the Greek words bios (meaning "life") and logia (meaning "study of"). It is a common science that is a standard subject in schools and universities around the world. Over a million papers are published annually in biology and medicinal journals. Not just a...

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Word of the Day
glogg
  • Scandinavian punch made of claret and aquavit with spices and raisins and orange peel and sugar.
This word comes from the Swedish 'glogg,' which is an alteration of 'glodgat,' mulled (wine).
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