Latest Organs Stories
Changes to just three genetic letters among billions led to evolution and development of the mammalian motor sensory network, and laid the groundwork for the defining characteristics of the human brain.
Brains that maintain healthy nerve connections as we age help keep us sharp in later life.
University of Georgia researchers have developed a map of the human brain that shows great promise as a new guide to the inner workings of the body's most complex and critical organ.
By simply shining a tiny light within the small intestine, close to that organ's junction with the pancreas, physicians at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida have been able to detect pancreatic cancer 100 percent of the time in a small study.
Scientists may have just found a ‘missing link’ in the form of a partial, duplicate gene that appears to be responsible for human brain development - the most distinguishing characteristic of our species.
A research team at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has succeeded in describing the structure and function of the outermost layer of the skin – the stratum corneum – at a molecular level.
A new study presented today at the International Liver Congress™ 2012 indicates the potential for gallbladder tissue (which is routinely discarded from organ donors and surgical interventions) to be a highly available candidate source for multipotential stem cells.
In the world's largest brain study to date, a team of more than 200 scientists from 100 institutions worldwide collaborated to map the human genes that boost or sabotage the brain's resistance to a variety of mental illnesses and Alzheimer's disease.
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How do you build a brain?
The liver is the organ in charge of processing, neutralizing and excreting certain secretions for the metabolic processes. Formation and Orientation The liver is considered to be both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body. It is situated just below the diaphragm, to the right of the stomach and on top of the gallbladder. There are two ways blood can travel to and from the liver: the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The hepatic artery carries blood solely...
The esophagus is the muscular tube that is located between the pharynx and the stomach that aids in digestion during swallowing. Formation and Orientation The esophagus is composed of four separate layers; the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and the adventitia. The mucosa includes the stratified squamous epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosae. The submucosa houses the esophageal glands and connective papillae. The muscularis externa is composed of three sublayers The...
The ovaries are the two reproductive female organs where the eggs are produced. These are parallel to the testes in men. Formation and Orientation Each ovary is the size of an almond and is located on one side of the pelvis before the ureter and internal iliac artery but after the external iliac artery. They are attached to either side of the uterus. They are connected and release eggs to fallopian tubes, though not attached, monthly during the menstrual cycle. They also produce...
Skin is the outermost organ that protects and incases the tendons, ligaments, bones, muscles, etc. It is also the largest organ of the human body. Formation and Orientation Healthy skin consists of vitamins A, C, D and E, but in all skin, there are melanocytes which produce mesodermal cells. These cells allow for the absorption of UV rays. There are five main pigments that provide color in the skin’s many levels. Although not found in the skin, Oxyhemoglobin is found in the blood,...
The appendix is a dead-end tube like structure, ranging from 2 to 20 cm, that spans off the cecum of the colon. It is attached to the lower part of the large intestine. Formation and Orientation The appendix can be found in many mammals including marsupials, euarchontoglires (rodents) as wells as humans of course. It is also an organ that forms in the embryotic stage during pregnancy. McBurney’s Point, the point that is one-third the distance from infront and above the spinal cord...
- A ceramic container used inside a fuel-fired kiln to protect pots from the flame.