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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 21:21 EDT

Latest Organs Stories

How Brain Makes Toss Up Decisions
2013-12-06 13:48:39

Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Some decisions are easy, but when you have two equally appealing choices, how does your brain choose between the two? Scientists have long tried to figure out how toss-up decisions, such as what to eat, drink or watch on TV, are made. A new field of study called neuroeconomics uses theories from economics to try and understand how the brain weighs and picks some options over others. Although scientists have known such...

2013-12-02 16:23:25

NEW YORK, Dec. 2, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Age-related cognitive decline and changes in the nervous system are closely linked, but up until recently, they were thought to result from the loss of neurons in areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain important in working memory. A series of papers have shown that the "loss of neurons" concept is simply not true. Now, Mount Sinai scientists have begun to look elsewhere, focusing instead on synaptic health in the...

2013-11-22 23:00:41

A new article published on the site Healthreviewcenter.com offers 18 tips on how to improve liver function. Seattle, Wa (PRWEB) November 22, 2013 The article on the site Healthreviewcenter.com introduces 18 tips on how to improve liver function. This article is written for people who want to find a healthy diet to boost liver function. Firstly, the writer indicates that people should not drink too much alcohol because alcohol can damage liver cells, leading to cirrhosis. The writer also...

2013-11-22 11:16:19

UCL scientists have shown that there are widespread differences in how genes, the basic building blocks of the human body, are expressed in men and women's brains. Based on post-mortem adult human brain and spinal cord samples from over 100 individuals, scientists at the UCL Institute of Neurology were able to study the expression of every gene in 12 brain regions. The results are published today in Nature Communications. They found that the way that the genes are expressed in the...

2013-11-20 17:41:50

Pattern of brain activity points to possible neural circuit switched on by drug and may identify other patients who could respond George Melendez has been called a medical miracle. After a near drowning deprived his brain of oxygen, Melendez remained in a fitful, minimally conscious state until his mother, in 2002, decided to give him the sleep aid drug Ambien to quiet his moaning and writhing. The next thing she knew, her son was quietly looking at her and trying to talk. He has been...

2013-11-16 23:04:07

Dry skin brushing boosts blood circulation, removes toxins and dead cells from the skin, and helps the lymphatic functions for a better immune system. For less than a $13 investment, stay healthy on the move with a travel Skin Brush. St. Petersburg, FL (PRWEB) November 16, 2013 The immune system will be under attack during the holidays, between traveling, different schedule and diets, excitement and even stress. An incredibly simply way to help support the immune system is through daily...

2013-11-06 10:58:24

UCLA researchers build a multisensory virtual world To survive, animals must explore their world to find the necessities of life. It's a complex task, requiring them to form them a mental map of their environment to navigate the safest and fastest routes to food and water. They also learn to anticipate when and where certain important events, such as finding a meal, will occur. Understanding the connection between these two fundamental behaviors, navigation and the anticipation of a...

2013-11-06 08:28:41

IRVINE, Calif., Nov. 6, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- ZO Skin Health, Inc. is excited to reveal two new products by Zein Obagi, MD to enhance the ZO® Skin Health Circle(TM) - ZO® Medical Foamacleanse(TM) and Restoracalm(TM). The additions combine years of research with powerful active ingredients to deliver improved skin benefits and encourage optimal skin health. ZO® Medical Foamacleanse(TM) is a foaming cleanser designed to remove impurities, clean pores, and leave skin feeling refreshed and...

2013-10-29 12:28:33

NEW YORK, Oct. 29, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- People who live in a seasonal climate know that wintertime is the most challenging for the skin. There are two reasons for that: (a) outdoor cold temperature, and (b) indoor heating conditions. If cold causes the skin vessels spasms to reduce the blood circulation in the upper part of the epidermis, the heat does the exact opposite. Overall, in wintertime the skin as the largest and protective organ, goes through constant adaptation of quick...

Snakes Helped Evolution Of High-Quality Vision
2013-10-29 04:52:33

[ Watch the Video: What Do Snakes Have To Do With Vision Evolution? ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Neuroscientists from Brazil and Japan have found new evidence in support of a theory that that human ancestors developed high-quality vision as a defense mechanism against the threat of snakes. The study, which was published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, demonstrated that there are specific nerve cells located in the...


Latest Organs Reference Libraries

Liver
2013-04-30 14:18:06

The liver is the organ in charge of processing, neutralizing and excreting certain secretions for the metabolic processes. Formation and Orientation The liver is considered to be both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body. It is situated just below the diaphragm, to the right of the stomach and on top of the gallbladder. There are two ways blood can travel to and from the liver: the hepatic artery and the portal vein. The hepatic artery carries blood solely...

Esophagus
2013-04-30 13:37:01

The esophagus is the muscular tube that is located between the pharynx and the stomach that aids in digestion during swallowing. Formation and Orientation The esophagus is composed of four separate layers; the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and the adventitia. The mucosa includes the stratified squamous epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosae. The submucosa houses the esophageal glands and connective papillae. The muscularis externa is composed of three sublayers The...

Ovaries
2013-03-05 14:55:04

The ovaries are the two reproductive female organs where the eggs are produced. These are parallel to the testes in men. Formation and Orientation Each ovary is the size of an almond and is located on one side of the pelvis before the ureter and internal iliac artery but after the external iliac artery. They are attached to either side of the uterus. They are connected and release eggs to fallopian tubes, though not attached, monthly during the menstrual cycle. They also produce...

Skin
2013-03-04 15:18:05

Skin is the outermost organ that protects and incases the tendons, ligaments, bones, muscles, etc. It is also the largest organ of the human body. Formation and Orientation Healthy skin consists of vitamins A, C, D and E, but in all skin, there are melanocytes which produce mesodermal cells. These cells allow for the absorption of UV rays. There are five main pigments that provide color in the skin’s many levels. Although not found in the skin, Oxyhemoglobin is found in the blood,...

Appendix
2013-03-04 15:05:59

The appendix is a dead-end tube like structure, ranging from 2 to 20 cm, that spans off the cecum of the colon. It is attached to the lower part of the large intestine. Formation and Orientation The appendix can be found in many mammals including marsupials, euarchontoglires (rodents) as wells as humans of course. It is also an organ that forms in the embryotic stage during pregnancy. McBurney’s Point, the point that is one-third the distance from infront and above the spinal cord...

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