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Organs Reference Libraries

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Liver
2013-04-30 14:18:06

The liver is the organ in charge of processing, neutralizing and excreting certain secretions for the metabolic processes. Formation and Orientation The liver is considered to be both the largest internal organ and the largest gland in the human body. It is situated just below the diaphragm, to the right of the stomach and on top of the gallbladder. There are two ways blood can travel to...

Esophagus
2013-04-30 13:37:01

The esophagus is the muscular tube that is located between the pharynx and the stomach that aids in digestion during swallowing. Formation and Orientation The esophagus is composed of four separate layers; the mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and the adventitia. The mucosa includes the stratified squamous epithelium, lamina propria and muscularis mucosae. The submucosa houses the...

Ovaries
2013-03-05 14:55:04

The ovaries are the two reproductive female organs where the eggs are produced. These are parallel to the testes in men. Formation and Orientation Each ovary is the size of an almond and is located on one side of the pelvis before the ureter and internal iliac artery but after the external iliac artery. They are attached to either side of the uterus. They are connected and release eggs to...

Skin
2013-03-04 15:18:05

Skin is the outermost organ that protects and incases the tendons, ligaments, bones, muscles, etc. It is also the largest organ of the human body. Formation and Orientation Healthy skin consists of vitamins A, C, D and E, but in all skin, there are melanocytes which produce mesodermal cells. These cells allow for the absorption of UV rays. There are five main pigments that provide color...

Appendix
2013-03-04 15:05:59

The appendix is a dead-end tube like structure, ranging from 2 to 20 cm, that spans off the cecum of the colon. It is attached to the lower part of the large intestine. Formation and Orientation The appendix can be found in many mammals including marsupials, euarchontoglires (rodents) as wells as humans of course. It is also an organ that forms in the embryotic stage during pregnancy....

Trachea
2013-01-18 11:28:50

The trachea, commonly called the windpipe, is the air passage-way from the mouth to the lungs. Non-fish vertebrae all have a trachea. The moist with mucus walls of the tube-like structure trap inhaled particles to keep them from entering the lungs. Structure The trachea is an open-ended cylindrical structure that starts at the larynx and ends at the bifurcation. It is about one inch in...

Pancreas
2013-01-02 11:22:15

The pancreas is a digestive and an endocrine organ with both endocrine and exocrine functions. It is about six inches long located in the upper portion of the abdominal cavity. The head of the pancreas lies within the indentation of the duodenum and is connected to it by the pancreatic duct. The uncinate process extends from the head and the neck connects to the body of the pancreas, which lies...

Esophagus
2012-07-01 19:23:24

The Esophagus is an organ which consists of a muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. During swallowing, food passes from the mouth through the pharynx into the esophagus and travels to the stomach via peristalsis -- a radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles that propagate in a wave downward. The word esophagus is derived from the Greek...

Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.