Latest Osaka University Stories

2012-05-01 09:44:46

Experts from Durham University have identified a new gene that could help the development of fertility treatments in humans in the future. Scientists from Durham University, UK, and Osaka University, Japan, looking at fertility in mice, have discovered for the first time that the gene, which makes a protein called PDILT, enables sperm to bind to an egg, a process essential to fertilization. The team found that when the gene was 'switched off' in male mice, less than three per cent of...

2011-10-03 22:23:47

Laser technique allows detailed view of the early minutes of amyloid aggregate formation -- implications for Alzheimer's disease drug discovery Researchers at the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) and Osaka University applied a new approach to take a close look at amyloid plaque formation, a process that plays important roles in Alzheimer's disease. The technique would greatly aid the development and screening for novel therapeutics that can manipulate the formation of the toxic...

2011-04-05 00:09:32

Researchers at King's College London and Osaka University in Japan have identified specific bone marrow cells that can transform into skin cells to repair damaged skin tissue Researchers at King's College London and Osaka University in Japan have identified specific bone marrow cells that can transform into skin cells to repair damaged skin tissue, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The team has uncovered how this process works, providing...

2010-12-31 10:40:00

Lighting up a cigarette or staying on the job while pregnant could increase a woman's risk of losing their child, claims a new study published earlier this month in the journal Human Reproduction. The case-control study, completed by researchers from Osaka University and the Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, studied the medical records nearly 1,300 Japanese women in order to determine the primary risk factors for what they dub "early spontaneous...

2010-12-21 09:20:00

Researchers at Osaka University in Japan have bio-engineered a mouse that can tweet like a bird as part of a unique project that uses the rodent species to create genetic mutations. The "Evolved Mouse Project," which is the topic of a December 21 article by AFP reporter Miwa Suzuki, uses mice in their research because the creatures are prone to having their DNA miscopied during the genetic modification process. Osaka University researchers are hoping that this latest mutation will help them...

2010-12-16 14:45:08

Graduate student Markita Landry describes her research, learning experiences and cultural adjustment in Japan as part of NSF's EAPSI program Proteins are able to identify a tiny DNA target--usually only a few base pairs long--among thousands of non-targeted base pairs. I study how that happens using high resolution, optical traps. And, to help advance my research for my doctoral thesis, I spent a summer doing research in Toshio Yanagida's laboratory in Osaka, Japan, as part of NSF's East Asia...

2009-04-06 06:40:00

Japanese researchers have developed a "Child-robot with a Biomimetic Body," or CB2, that can develop social skills by interacting with humans. The bald, child-like robot follows movements with its black eyes, and mimics breathing by letting its shoulders rise and fall in rhythm. The creature is one of Japan's most sophisticated robots. The four foot, four inch machine is designed to learn like a human infant. "Babies and infants have very, very limited programs. But they have room to learn...

2009-03-30 08:35:00

Liver damage can be triggered by various insults, including hepatitis infection or alcohol-induced cirrhosis. In severe cases, this damage can lead to cancer. A new study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and Osaka University reveals how one protein helps decide the fate of damaged livers in mice. The study will be published online on March 30th in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. Liver cells rely on signals triggered by growth hormone to survive and...

2009-03-20 07:10:00

Believe it or not, new research shows that having a few beers with friends may have healthy benefits. A new study of Japanese men discovered that a few drinks, along with a lot of social interaction are connected with lower rates of heart disease and stroke. "But remember," said Dr. Hiroyasu Iso from Osaka University in a written statement, "this beneficial effect of social support is confined to light-to-moderate drinking. Heavy drinking is risky irrespective of social support level."...

2008-11-26 10:20:00

Acting robots are now making their way to debut on the Japanese stage. The play will be one of Japan's first robot-human theatre productions and will premiere at Osaka University. The robots were specifically designed to speak lines with human actors and move around the stage with them. Oriza Hirata, the playwright, says the work raises questions about the relationship between humanity and technology. The play, called Hataraku Watashi (I, Worker), is set to be in the future. The focus of the...

Word of the Day
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'